Wasthe Roman Empire murdered or it just fell?
TheRoman Empire went down as the greatest superpower in the world afterbeing dominant in the entire Europe. However, due to inevitablechanges in governance, military prowess of the barbarians and othersocial factors, the empire crumbled. Historians, political and socialanalyst, have tried to develop various theories to explain the fallof the Roman Empire. One school of thought inclines to the thoughtthat the rule toppled due to internal pressure and inefficiency ofthe emperors while others presume that the superpower could not besustained from the growing influence of the barbarians and theGermanic rule (Kaegi 4). However, to understand whether the empirewas murdered or it just fell, it is imperative to explore the factorsthat led to its collapse. The Roman empire crumbled from withinbecause of the inefficiency of its production and the pressure thatmounted after its division into the Eastern and Western territories.
First,the Roman Empire went through though economic crisis due overrelianceon slave labor. The administration overspent on financing wars, andthis led to an uncontrollable inflation. The severe taxation systemmade some of the people to flee their locales in fear of thecollectors (Kaegi 11). Also, there was a shortage of labor since theslaves could not perform the available roles effectively. The lowinflux of slaves, especially for those coming from North Africa, ledto unsustainable production and inadequate generation of resources.This made the empire to start losing its grip on instrumentaljurisdictions in Europe.
Secondly,the crumbling of the empire took a final desperate twist when EmperorDiocletian divided the Empire into two the Western and EasternTerritories. However, the leaders’ objective of making themgovernable became obsolete when the two jurisdictions becameantagonistic. The Eastern Empire became stronger and had the capacityto counter the barbarian advances. However, the Western Empiredisintegrated in the 15th century, and this gave a leeway for theOttoman Empire to gain access to the Eastern territory (Kaegi 24).
Variousaspects of the European Empire outlived its fall. For example, theEmpire has instituted Latin as its lingua franca. The languagecontinued to flourish in different social aspects in the middle age,for instance, it became to the official language of the CatholicChurch. Secondly, the seasonal timings indicated in the calendar asdeveloped Julius Caesar was adopted as the European calendar. Inaddition, the Byzantine Empire and the later entire Europe propagatedthe building designs for roads, water powered milling machines,heating systems and sewerage systems (Southern 34). The regionscontinued using concrete in their construction works. Also, theByzantine Empire retained the method of governance, jurisprudence andmilitary formations that were common with the Roman Empire. This madeit possible to ward off the Turks for some time before eventuallybeing conquered. Another aspect of the Roman Empire that continuedbeing influential in the Western Europe was the process of trial.Both the Byzantine Empire and other European Territories retained theplaintiff and defendant system in the courts (Southern 41).
Summarily,the factors that led to the collapse of the Roman Empire demonstratethat it was affected more by internal inefficiencies rather than theexternal influence. Overreliance on slave labor failed to sustain theproduction, and this contributed greatly to its fall. In addition,the division of the Empire gave way to the Ottoman barbarians toinfiltrate the territory. Therefore, it is false to believe that theempire was murdered. However, most of the ingenious discoveries thatwere made by the Romans outlived the fall. The Byzantine Empirecontinued using the architectural designs, court processes, andmilitary organization. Also, some of the practices including usingthe 24-hour clock and the Roman calendar are still in use today.
Kaegi,Walter Emil. Byzantiumand the Decline of the Roman Empire.Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2015. Print.
Southern,Patricia. TheRoman Empire from Severus to Constantine.New York: Routledge, 2015. Print.