TwoShort Poems Comparative Analysis
Whencomparing two or more poems, it is feasible to have similarities anddifferences in various aspects of comparison. This emanates from thereasoning that poets may tend to have similar or opposing ideas, whenwriting a poem. The purpose of this report is to provide a comparisonof two poems. The poems that would be compared in the report would be“The Road Not Taken” by Robert Frost and “Annabel Lee” byEdgar Allan Poe. The comparison of the two poems would be based ontheir structure, rhythm, tone and subject, imagery, and speaker.
Boththe “The Road Not Taken” and “Annabel Lee” are similar instructure since they can be described as lyric poems. This is becauseboth poems are short and express personal feelings and thoughts. Thespeaker in the two poems is one and tries to share his/her feelingsor ideas. However, in the number of stanzas and lines, the poemsdiffer (David 62). “The Road Not Taken” comprises of fourstanzas, which each has five lines. Alternatively, “Annabel Lee”has six stanzas, but the number of lines in the stanzas areirregular the 1st,2nd,and 4thstanzas have six lines each while the 3rdand 6thstanzas have eight lines each, and the 5thstanza comprises of seven lines. Furthermore, the structure isdifferent in the two poems in the number of lines in each poem.“Annabel Lee” poem has 41 lines overall while “The Road NotTaken” has 20 lines in total.
Thetone of a poem is the attitude of the narrator that becomes depictedin a poem. Alternatively, the subject of a poem refers to the messagethat the speaker in a poem attempts to communicate (Dryden 22). Thetone and subject in the two poems are different. In “Annabel Lee,”the subject is the death of the love of the speaker. The narratorindicates how devastated he progresses to be because of the death ofher love. The tone and the mood of the poem is a sad one since thespeaker indicates his sorrow emanating from the death of his love. Onthe other hand, the subject in “The Road Not Taken” is about thechoices that an individual may face in life (David 68). The tone ofthe narrator in the poem is positive. Therefore, the tone andsubjects of the two poems can be indicated as different.
Inpoetry, rhythm is a literary device that shows the patterns throughunstressed and stressed syllables, especially in verse form (Dryden28). The rhyme scheme of the two poems is different. In the poem “TheRoad Not Taken,” the rhythm scheme is ABAAB. The rhymes in thispoem are can be considered to be strict and masculine however, thereis an exception of the last line of the poem. In the poem, there arefour syllables that are stressed per line. Alternatively, in the poem“Annabel Lee,” the rhyme scheme is established in the 1ststanza as ABABCB however, the rhyme scheme becomes alteredimmediately after the 1ststanza. Therefore, although the two poems vary in the form in whichthe rhyme scheme appears, it can be argued that the two poems haveirregular rhymes.
Theuse of imagery can be seen in both poems and has almost been utilizedin the entirety of the poems. In the “Annabel Lee” poem, it canbe argued that imagery has been highly utilized (Nappa 82). In thefirst stanza, the love that the narrator had for Annabel is expressedthrough the use of imagery, which is utilized throughout the poem.The speaker uses the phrase “in a kingdom by the sea” in line 2 –stanza one to provoke a mental picture, as well as a visual imagery.The visual imagery comes in because through using the words, thenarrator makes the audience imagine the presence of a kingdom nearthe sea. In stanza 2 – line 5 and 6, the speaker describes theirlove through imagery where he indicates that “…the winged seraphsof heaven coveted her and…” This is organic imagery because itoffers the readers an internal sensation when they read it. Also, theimagery of tactile is indicated in stanza 3 – line 4 where thespeaker indicates that “..the wind came out of the cloud by night”.Furthermore, in the last stanza – line 5, the narrator uses visualimagery by saying that he lied down by the side of the tomb of hislove. On the other hand, the narrator uses imagery in the descriptionof the setting for most part of the poem. Most of the imageryutilized in the poem is visual as the speaker shares about thescenery. For instance, in stanza 2, the speaker describes the pathsas grassy, fair, and as being equally worn. Apart from the use ofvisual imagery, auditory imagery has also been used in the poemthrough the sighing of the speaker. For example, in stanza 3 – line3, the narrator sighs “Oh, I kept the first for another day!” Theuse of imagery in the poem is seen as critical since they help inhelping the reader understand the meaning of the poem.
Inpoem, a speaker refers to the voice telling the poem or the persondoing the narration (Dryden 24). The speakers in the two poems aredifferent in that one is recognized as a male while it is not clearabout the other. In “Annabel Lee,” the speaker is a male voice,who tries to tell his love story with Annabel Lee (Nappa 86). Thespeaker in the poem narrates in the first person. Alternatively, in“The Road Not Taken,” the speaker narrates in first person, butit is not clear whether the voice is a female or a male one. However,from the narration, it can be deemed that it is the writer of thepoem doing the narration. If this is the case, then the poems wouldbe indicated to have a similarity in having male speakers doing thenarration. Nevertheless, the poems can be indicated to be differentin terms of the speaker since, in “The Road Not Taken,” thespeaker is the writer while, in “Annabel Lee,” the speaker isconsidered to be another character other than the writer of the poem.The speaker in the two poems is one and tries to share his/herfeelings or ideas.
Fromthe comparison of “The Road Not Taken” and “Annabel Lee”poems, it can be indicated that there different aspects that varywhile others seem to have a similarity. Both the “The Road NotTaken” and “Annabel Lee” are similar in structure since theycan be described as lyric poems. This is because both poems are shortand express personal feelings and thoughts. In the number of stanzasand lines, the poems differ. “The Road Not Taken” comprises offour stanzas, which each has five lines. Also, the tone and subjectin the two poems are different. Furthermore, the rhyme scheme of thetwo poems is different. In the poem “The Road Not Taken,” therhythm scheme is ABAAB while, in “Annabel Lee,” the rhyme schemeis established in the 1ststanza as ABABCB however, the rhyme scheme becomes alteredimmediately after the 1ststanza.
David,Orr. TheRoad Not Taken: Finding America in the Poem Everyone Loves and AlmostEveryone Gets Wrong.Penguin Group USA, 2016. Print.
Dryden,John. ThePoetical Works of John Dryden, with Memoir and Introduction to Poems.Charleston, South Carolina: BiblioBazaar.
Nappa,Mike. AnnabelLee: A Coffey & Hill Novel.Grand Rapids, Michigan: Revell, a division of Baker Publishing Group,2016. Print.