THERAPEUTIC COMMUNITIES FOR SOCIALIZING DELINQUENTS 4
Delinquents are people whose activities and behaviors are eithercriminal, disobedient, or are against the moral codes of a society.Such require rehabilitation in order to restore their moral behaviorand values. Notably, most of the delinquents are deprived of thenecessary care and love from the parents or people who are close tothem. As such, therapeutic communities (TC) are settings created toenable the delinquent receive care and love from the people aroundhim or her. This approach has various advantages and disadvantages.
Therapeutic communities provide care for the delinquents throughoutthe day for a period of six months to one year. This is unlike otherforms of psychotherapy were the delinquents only attend sessions fora short period. Therefore, TCs have a higher success rate inmodifying antisocial behavior. Furthermore, since the staffs in TCssettings are affectionate and permissive, the patients enjoy theirstay leading to a smooth process of behavior change. Additionally, aTC allows the patients to use their own power to discover theimmorality of their behaviors (De, 2014). For instance, delinquentswho are aggressive or abusive towards the staff are met withaffection and love instead of the scolding and retaliation. Mostly,delinquents expect their aggression to be met withcounter-aggression. Therefore, when their expectations are not met,they are filled with rage and sensitivity leading to behavior change.
On the contrary, it is essential to note that TCs are time consumingand might not be appropriate for delinquents who are working orschooling (Perfas, 2013). Moreover, due to the strict timelines andthe continuous rehabilitation process, this method has been describedas rigid and abusive to the delinquents.
While concluding, it is evident that despite the few shortcomings ofTCs, they are highly effective in modifying behavior. Delinquentsreceive the care and love they have been denied hence allowing themto realize the negativities of their behaviors. However, the approachis time-intensive hence inappropriate for delinquents who might behaving other commitments.
De, L. G. (2014). The therapeutic community: Theory, model,and method. New York: Springer Pub.
Perfas, F. B. (2013). Therapeutic community: A practiceguide. New York: iUniverse.