TheoryZ by William Ouchi
TheoryZ by William Ouchi
WilliamOuchi developed a theory dubbed “Theory Z" that sought topresent the Japanese system of production that was showing greatsuccess in the 1980s. William found out that companies should providetheir workers with maximum kindness, including a guarantee of alonger period of working that would make them more loyal andproductive in the end. William went ahead to combine the positivevalues of the Japanese system with American principles that had shownpositive results as below. This paper will analyze William Ouchitheory Z and its impact in organizations.
Featuresof an organization that integrates the theory
Williamasserts that a company that adopts the method should have a strongworking philosophy and culture. Such an organization should developethical and equal policies that favor productive and efficientperformance by the employees ("TheoryZ: Merging Eastern and Western Management Styles", 2017).The firm should then instill the culture so that every employeecomprehends and believe in it. The result is a longer period ofworking with the organization’s staff since they will undergogradual development in their career. The culture includes practicalmeasures that ensure constant development by its employees. Theorganization also rewards its workers with promotion using standardand clearly-defined procedures. Employees end up being not onlyhard-working but also loyal. A firm that abides by the theory alsoinvolves its members in a collective decision-making process. Williambelieves that collaboration plays a very integral part of the successof the Japanese Challenge of the 1980s. In turn, employees have theopportunity of contributing to important organizational decisionsthat affect them all. The condition, therefore, requires suchemployees to have general knowledge about the various departmentsregarding their operations. Such an organization should also be moreconcerned about the general well-being of the members for maximumproductivity. The company takes proper actions to ensure that theworking conditions should not in any way tamper with the health ofits workers. The policies should also reflect the happiness and stateof the workers’ families regarding areas such as among others, theamount of salary together with the time the employees have off duty.The resultant happiness and good relations with the company increasestaff productivity. The theory also recommends organizations toempower its employees with the opportunity to perform their tasks inline with what they believe to be true. The condition reducesconstant supervision by the management and additional resources thatcould be useful in carrying out other development activities.
Ultimately,William hints that the application and adoption of the theoryguarantee three primary results in an organization, among othersreduced staff ("Ouchi`sTheory Z", 2017).The integration of the theory makes employees have a lesser desire tochange one’s profession or job. The theory also affirms that thetheory leads to an increased commitment to one’s job. Ultimately,the approach results in a dramatical increase in an organization’sproductivity. William also provides several assumptions regarding theworkers of a company that practices the method. Among others is thefact that these employees have better and more intimate relationshipswith each other across the hierarchical order. The workers would alsogrow a desire to value and cherish the values of culture and family,aspects that are very critical for the success of an organization.Most of these employees usually possess the areas of discipline,cohesion together with the order. These issues are very significantfor the prosperity of every company. Employees that have order anddiscipline would reduce the efforts by management to keep monitoringthem because they would always do what is right for them and all.
Williampresents the theory as one that has significant benefits to anyorganization that adopts it. Some of the advantages include improvedproductivity together with increased cohesion. A combination ofpositive Japanese values together with some of the high Americanpolicies result in significant improvements in the naturalproductions of a company.
TheoryZ: Merging Eastern and Western Management Styles.(2017). Mindtools.com.Retrieved 8 January 2017, fromhttps://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/theory-z.htm
Ouchi`sTheory Z.(2017). Boundless.Retrieved 8 January 2017, fromhttps://www.boundless.com/business/textbooks/boundless-business-textbook/motivation-theories-and-applications-11/theories-of-motivation-75/ouchi-s-theory-z-359-8432/