Thehuman being’s ability to ask questions about individualexperiences, behaviors, and situations provides a sound basis foridentifying research problems and topics. For researchers to come upwith a concrete conclusion regarding a problem, they undertake anintensive investigation.Moreover, identification of a problem isthe initial and the most important step in carrying out an intensiveresearch. Many people do not understand the difference between aresearch problem and a research purpose. A research purpose is alucid and terse statement relating to a particular area of study thatis generated through a research problem. On the other hand, aresearch problem is an area of interest in which a gap in knowledgebase required for a particular area of study. In a nursing practice,research is an important aspect as it provides a scientific base forthe practice of the profession (National Institute of NursingResearch, n.d). The sources of research problems in practice includeliterature review, peer and researchers interactions, clinicalpractice, research priorities and theories[ CITATION heGro l 1033 ]. For a nursing research to be adequate, a research process must befollowed. Therefore, due to the significance of investigation in anursing profession, at least eight processes must be followed whencarrying out the research.
Thisis usually the first step in a research process. It is thedevelopment of investigation topic. Being the initial and the mostdifficult phase of research, the practicing nurses should develop aresearch problem. There are two types of research problems wherebythe first category relates to states of nature while the second oneis the link between variables (Blankenship, n.d). Essentially, thereare two major steps involved in developing a research problem. Thefirst step involves understanding the research topic thoroughly.Secondly, the researcher should rephrase the same topic into othermeaningful terms for a personal perspective.
Theintroduction is the initial paragraph of a research process. Itincludes a thesis (hypothesis), work schedule and backgroundinformation of the research study to be conducted. The introductionshould be clear, precise and straight to the point. A hypothesis isan uncertain assumption developed with the aim of testing theempirical and logical consequence.The primary role of a theory isto guide the researching nurse by demarcating the area of study andhim or her on track.
Thebody of a research paper consist of various items such as a researchdesign, study design data collection, and data analysis. The keyfunction of a research design is to give a collection of usefulevidence with minimal utilization of resources. A study design isgrouped into four critical categories which include description,exploration, diagnosis and experimentation. Data collection can be oftwo distinct form. That is Primary data, collected/gathered usingseveral ways such as personal interview, observation, schedules,mailing questionnaires, and telephone interviews. Secondary datacollected from work previously done. Data analysis is a step thatrequires closely connected operations like the development ofcategories. Thus, the stage may need the research to code, tabulateor even edit some data. The last item included in the body isusually making an interpretation and writing a report. The reportwriting may comprise preface pages, the main text, and theconclusion.
Thisis usually the third step in a research process. Once the researcherdefines a problem, he/she should write a brief summary. In somecases, a researcher may be required to write a synopsis and submit itto the research board committee.
Researchis usually a routine process in most professions, and particularlythe nursing profession. A practicing nursing is required to conductseveral studies in to have a sound base in their profession. Anappropriate research process must be carried to ensure that aresearcher gets the desired results. The researcher summarizeshis/her finding in a paragraph named conclusions. The conclusion isusually the analysis of the research project. It is usually writtenin brief, and a past tense is used.
Blankenship,D. (n.d). Steps of the research process. HumanKinetics.Retrieved fromhttp://www.humankinetics.com/excerpts/excerpts/steps-of-the-research-process
Grove,S., Burns, N., & Gray, J. (2012). Thepractice of nursing research: Appraisal, Synthesis, and generation ofevidence.New York: Elsevier.
NationalInstitute of Nursing Research. (n.d). What is nursing research? NINR.Retrieved from https://www.ninr.nih.gov/