TheGhost Space: As We Reminisce
Sincetime immemorial, theoretical scripts have been recycled so as toconform to the ever changing social trends. This is one of the waysin which theoretical performers jog with the minds of the audience,to see whether or not they grasped something from a previousperformance (Dika31).With the story of TheHaunted Stagehaving been passed down from one generation to the other, there isalways something new for people of recent generations to learn from.In the opening statements of the book-The Haunted Stage, the juxtaposing of themes from three different historical books isbrought out. These books are the- Aristotle’s Poetics, Bharata’sNatyasastra, and Zeami’s Noh Drama. In this theatrical performance,a rich distinction between the Western and Asian civilizations isbrought out. For this reason, people from diverse cultures are ableto easily learn about people from other parts of the world.Therefore, TheHaunted Stageis a book in which people of different ages, races and socialaffiliations can relate to.
Inthe book, a clear distinction between the old and moderncivilizations is painted. As we reminisce throughThe Haunted Stage,we are able to pick out a lot from the text. Not only is the actualplay conceptualized but is also articulated on stage in action formfor a broad audience so that they can be able to pick up the manyemotions that come about. In the book-The Haunted Stage,memory stimulation is one of the reasons behind the creation of thisspectacular text. It helps readers and theater audience alike developthe skill of remembering matters of the past with great ease. Ofimportance to note is that in this book, text is written using thesimplest form of words in existence today. Hence, it remains verycomprehensible to all that read it. Also, acting it as a play becomesa very simple task to handle. What is evident is that the audience’smind is always receptive to new information and will most likelydecipher the same text differently whenever it is presented in a newform. When recent text is acted differently, the act of monotony isdone away with (Reineltand Roach 65).In so doing, plays become much more interesting to watch than before.Something we should consider as very peculiar and important at thesame time is the fact that after recycling, the new and old textsnever contradict one another. For this reason, the line of thought inthe old scripts is transferred to the most recent ones.
Playingaround with a given audience thoughts is aimed at finding out whetheror not the spectators actually pay attention to what they see orwhether they just watch plays for fun. For this reason, actors cannow be able to simulate different scenarios in their plays using thesame themes but varying story lines. As we try to dissect this greatscript, some of the questions that we should be asking ourselves are:how do the past theoretical productions recycleThe Haunted Stage,how are the main characters brought out in the ever evolving texts,how is text changed time and again over the years, how is thehistorical and cultural aspect of the original text retained in theever evolving scripts, and how useful recycling of texts is tocurrent generations. It is such vital questions that stimulate ourminds to critically synthesize meaningful answers from what wealready know. This paper therefore aims at finding solutions to thesevery important questions with the aim of determining why therecycling of scripts is very important, with our case in point beingThe Haunted Stage.
Recyclingof texts is a very important tool especially when it comes to scriptwriting. According to Marvin Carlson, actors and writers alike havethe tendency of reusing texts over time. This is due to the fact thatit allows one to explore all possibilities that are associated with agiven story. Even though the story might change at one point in time,the underlying theme always remains the same.
Newideas might be brought up in an original text in order to conform tocurrent trends that characterize society. As societies advance, newideas develop, ideas that might prove to be useful to present andfuture generations. By recycling scripts, most of history ispreserved for future generations to access (Reinelt and Roach 83). Itis for this reason that books and scripts are used as essentialarchives of information for future generations to access.
Atall times, the characters within texts remain essentially the same.What changes is the level of responsibility that has been bestowedupon each and every one of them. For instance, the use of spectralcharacters like Darius in the Western drama overshadows thecharacters used in TheSpanish Tragedy (Whitaker726).It is from such flexibility that endless shows might be derived from.Furthermore, recycling helps keep an underlying theme as interestingas possible. For this reason, it no longer matters how many times aperson might have watched the same show provided that its packagingis done differently. A good example is that of the use of spectralcharacters like Darius in the Western drama outperforms thecharacters used in TheSpanish Tragedy (Whitaker727).Correspondingly, it is through the recycling of texts that varyingscenarios are brought out. This means that varying views might resultwhen a given text is presented differently.
Moreover,recycling helps unravel the different layers that might be overlyingwithin a particular script. As these layers get unwrapped, theaudience tends to visualize a story line differently. Normally, thereare parts in a play that most of the audience cannot easily decipher.However, after constant recycling of a manuscript, then a majority ofthe audience is able to comprehend in full what is being presented tothem. As texts are diluted, the degree of human comprehensionincreases.
2.The Actor’s Performance
Basically,the character of an actor within a script remains virtually the same.Although he might from time to time adopt new traits, the originalcharacteristics attributed to the figure are still retained. In thisway, readers and the audience at large are able to see their favoriteactors showcase their skills and talents in a whole new level (Dika72).Retention of actors is aimed at making recycled texts prove to be asoriginal as possible. With such originality, the audience is able toappreciate their favorite actors as they evolve through time.
Whentexts are recycled, different results are realized. From onecivilization to the other, the names of the main characters mightchange, but their responsibilities still remain the same. Forinstance, specific characters in TheHaunted Stagemight be named differently in Mexico as opposed to when the script isacted in Canada. It is for this reason that the attribute of theghost is echoed in all resulting manuscripts. Occasionally, new rolesmight be added to different characters within a play. In so doing, anew and better story line is created even though the underlying themeis still the same. Because of this, new plays become a reflection ofthe original scripts. Plays are virtually meant for the humor of agreater audience. Recycling of texts is normally aimed at improvingon this humor, so as to increase the level of audience satisfactionthat results after watching a play or reading a script.
Overtime, the original content in texts changes. This change is aimed atjogging up the minds of the audience by creating totally new scenesfrom the original text. Since times are prone to change, it is veryessential that the current affairs that affect a society be adoptedand integrated into new plays so as to provide the audience with aplace where they can easily relate to and also that they can get toappreciate. This sought of evolution is also directed at helpingpreserve the rich culture of a given generation. For this reason,future generations are able to understand where their predecessorsare coming from this is an essential part of ensuring that they makethe most of their current situations. In addition, the text ischanged time and again so as to keep the plays relevant. It is veryimportant for actors to use current trends, especially duringscreenplay as this helps the audience comprehend more about a writtentext (Pimentelet al. 67).Furthermore, this is aimed at making such plays very interesting forall audiences as we always learn to anticipate something new witheach passing day.
Asthe world advances, newer and better languages emerge. For thisreason, it is very important that original scripts be translated toconform to different languages and cultures. In this way, peopleglobally are able to learn about the same things despite the factthat they have nothing in common. Text evolution is necessary in itsown right as it helps pick up some new and distinct aspects. In thisway, monotony is averted and scripts are totally protected fromgetting completely diluted. In the long run, other texts might berecycled from them.
4.Historical and Cultural Retention
Civilizationsare built on history. Whenever the history of a civilization is lost,such people become doomed. This is due to the fact that our richcultures are a product of our heritage, that can only be traced backfrom how our ancestors led their way of life. TheHaunted Stageis a written text that has spanned through generations andgenerations. In its evolution, its underlying theme has beenretained. Basically, this retention of originality is directed atensuring that the initial message that was in the first written textof the script is passed down to other generations. As a result, therich historical and cultural heritage of a people is maintained.
Carlsonin his text views all previous theoretical performances as similarand even comes to the conclusion that it is like he is “meeting anold friend”. Since a friend is a person whom one can easily relateto, this comparison signifies that the ghosting of scripts shows thatnewer texts share some common characteristics with the originalscripts. This is to say that TheHaunted Stageand other texts that may be derived from it mirror the original textsof the past.
Apeculiar fact about these texts is the fact that they might betranslated into different forms so as to suit a variety of audiences,but still possess the capacity of retaining their original theme.Recycling helps re-live the past over and over again (Gale 110). As aresult, we are able to appreciate what past civilizations had tooffer to humanity and also understand their sacrifices in a deepersenses. In addition, we are able to understand their way of life andfrom time to time we might use their level of expertise to solve someof the problems that we encounter on a daily basis. Hence,civilizations become better when two or more people are able toovercome their deficiencies and turn them into personal strengths.
Fromwhat we have learnt from the dissection ofThe Haunted Stage,it is very clear that when people recycle texts then a number ofbenefits result. One of these advantages is the fact that recyclinghelps in the maximization of ideas. Basically, the scripts areinternalized and then reinvented to suit present circumstances.Recycling initiates critical thinking and stirs up different emotionswithin individuals, emotions that help transform them into betterindividuals (Dika87).Moreover, people are able to appreciate the characters within thewritten text even more. As one gets to appreciate his favoritecharacter, he is able to learn more from him/her at the end of theday. Such knowledge is necessary as it might help a person solve agiven problem later on in life.
Inaddition, repetition helps create relics of the originals. Just likein a mirror, people are able to visualize their present situations inthe same way that their predecessors did, only that times havechanged. As we echo the characters in scripts, we bring their rolesto life. We are therefore able to re-live moments and in the long runhelp an audience gain full satisfaction as they enjoy a play and evenunderstand it more.
Fromthe dissection of the text, it is evident enough that Carlsonappreciates the evolution of scripts. He solely declares that suchtransformations are there to stimulate critical thinking amongst theaudience so that they are able to appreciate theatrical performanceseven more. According to Carlson, the human brain remains receptiveto new ideas when they are presented to it and therefore the audienceis able to conceptualize new scripts differently. For this reason,plays become more attractive to a variety of audiences. In addition,the rich history associated with different civilizations gets to bepreserved in the long run. In this way, the future generations willbe able to understand and appreciate their rich history. Hence,people are able to trace their past much more easily. As originaltexts are recycled, all angles to a story are exploited, to theextent that no stone is left unturned. Because of this, criticalthinking amongst individuals is initiated. In such a manner, TheHaunted Stageis a meaningful project, especially in the theatrical world as ithelps us answer a number of questions, particularly those related tohow it helps both the audience and actors.
Recyclingof texts helps dissolve most of the complexities associated with it.As a result, it helps increase the rate at which the audiencecomprehends a play and this is aimed at making them appreciate astory line even more. People can always find answers to their dailyproblems from these recycled texts (Carlson 56). This is due to thefact that in these texts, the characters involved mainly outlineissues that affect them in their societies and therefore show us theway of dealing with such issues. Although civilizations change andhow people carry out their daily activities, we can always borrow aleaf from reused scripts.
Wheneverscripts are reused, new and better ideas are placed in the minds ofthe audience. Therefore, at the end of the day, an audience ends uplearning more about a play. By captivating the minds of a givenaudience, comprehension of a particular text becomes even clearer. Inthis way, an audience that has been keen on the play is able to see aclear distinction between the original script and what has beenpresented to them and as a result end up appreciating the efforts ofthe writer even more.
Finallyyet importantly, recycling of scripts is done with the aim of makingthe much older texts more relevant to current generations. Since mostof the individuals in these current times cannot fully understand themessage that is being passed on in the original scripts, it is veryimportant that they be recycled time and again in a form that can beeasily understood by current generations. Inherently, this is theonly way of ensuring that these gothic manuscripts are passed downfrom one generation to the next, and in an orderly fashion.
Fromthe discussion above, we find out that the haunting of written textsproves to be a very fruitful exercise since it not only makes peopleunderstand more about their rich history but also they are able torelate to it. Repetition is a futuristic way of ensuring that theculture of a people, past fallen, is retained for many centuries. Inthis way, the rich history of our ancestors is preserved. As werecycle texts, we add little aspects of our existence to the modifiedscripts, information that will tell the future generations about whowe are. It is therefore imperative that this continuing act ofreusing scripts be encouraged so that we can leave part of ourexistence in this world. Moreover, recycling texts creates new anglesfrom which the audience can view the narrative. Intrinsically, thisis important for getting the message through to the target audience.In addition, it allows different people to draw new, more personalmessages depending on the new realizations. In such a manner,recycling texts not only allows the message to remain around forlonger, but it also facilitates a deeper understanding of theexisting narratives. Overall, recycling in the film industry shouldbe encouraged and practiced widely in order to increase theefficiency with which narratives communicate with their audiences.
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Dika,Vera. RecycledCulture in Contemporary Art and Film: The Uses of Nostalgia.Cambridge University Press, 2003.
Reinelt,Janelle G., and Joseph R. Roach. CriticalTheory and Performance.University of Michigan Press, 2007.
Whitaker,Thomas R. "Holding Up The Mirror: Deception As Revelation In TheTheater." Socialresearch(1996): 701-730.
Gale,Steven H. SharpCut: Harold Pinter`s Screenplays and the Artistic Process.University Press of Kentucky, 2015.
Pimentel,João Felipe, et al. "Tracking and analyzing the evolution ofprovenance from scripts." InternationalProvenance and Annotation Workshop.Springer International Publishing, 2016.