Theorganelle whose function will be described is the lysosome. If theentire cell can be compared to a factory, then mitochondria arecomparable to a factory power plant. The latter’s function within afactory is to ensure that there is sufficient power supply tofacilitate proper and full functioning of the factory. The powerplant may supply electricity from the regional grid, or it maygenerate electricity from fossil fuel energy or renewable energy suchas solar energy and biofuels. Akin to this, the function of themitochondria within the cell is to provide energy, typically bytransforming one form of energy into another. This analogy howeverfalls a little short of adequately describing the function ofmitochondria since these organelles primarily store energy for thecell, a function not typically found in power plants.
Themost immediate benefit of animals being able to produce their ownfood would be the lack of need for additional food, which wouldtherefore mean that no animal would die because of lack of food. I donot believe that it will be that easy for genetic engineering to turnhumans into photosynthetic beings. The reason for this is thatphotosynthesis, for efficacy, requires a large surface area to volumeratio, a factor plants achieve by their flat, horizontal leaves. Eventhe sea slug mentioned if flat and green, and looks more like a leafthan an animal [ CITATION Sto15 l 1033 ].This issue is therefore the first factor that needs to be consideredif chloroplast are to work in a human body. Humans are largely opaquecolumns,and getting the sufficient nutrients from the sun would require oneto be immobile and increase their surface area. The second issue thatneeds to be considered is the genetics. The function of chloroplastin plant cells is enabled by proteins encoded within the host cellgenome [ CITATION Yon12 l 1033 ].Therefore, the human host would have to be made compatible with thechloroplasts.
Stone, M. (2015, February 10). Eating the sun: Can Humasn be Hacked to Do Phtosynthesis? Retrieved from Motherboard.vice.com: http://motherboard.vice.com/read/human-photosynthesis-will-people-ever-be-able-to-eat-sunlight
Yong, E. (2012, September 18). Will we ever…phtosynthesize like plants? Retrieved from nationalgeographic.com: http://phenomena.nationalgeographic.com/2012/09/18/will-we-ever-photosynthesise-like-plants/