TheBasic Concept of Ethics
Background of Ethics 3
Description of ethics 4
The Decision-Making Model 4
Why topic is pertinent to the course 4
Ethicsis common term in many institutions. It is an important aspect in thehealthcare fraternity due to various reasons. This paper will providea slight overview of the vitality of ethics in healthcare. It willalso dwell on ethical dilemmas that arise within the medical systemand how they are solved. In most cases, a decision-making model isconstructed to assist in selection process.
TheBasic Concept of Ethics
Ethicscan be described as the mechanisms that defend, systematize as wellas recommend conceptions of right or wrong. The medical practitionersface numerous challenges while disseminating care. Chief among themare the ethical dilemmas. Ethical dilemmas are instances where themedical practitioners have to choose between two or more things thatcould yield different outcomes. In other words, the presence or lackof it may harm the patient. For example, giving the patient strongerpainkillers could lead to severe consequences, yet lack of it ispainful to the patient. Patients are given powers to make choicespertaining their health. A patient is given autonomy to suggest thetype of treatment he/she should receive when given the options.However, health practitioners may be reluctant to administer suchcare if they deem it has severe consequences. Understanding ethicsand the dilemmas in the healthcare system is vital to any medicalpractitioners.
Ethicsas well as its dilemmas have been a complex topic for quite a longtime. In an ethical dilemma, one has to choose between two optionsthat are morally acceptable or between unacceptable actions, wherebyone choice inhibits choosing the other. Due to the intricacy of thetopic, medical practitioners use ethical codes to arrive at the bestsolution. The dilemmas may arise from culture, beliefs, individualvalues, and religion. A good example is confidentiality. Should amedical doctor accept to break confidentiality if there are chances,a patient`s condition may be harmful to others? Is it right forfamily members to hide principal diagnosis from the patient? Ethics,therefore, is a tool that medical practitioners have been using tomake appropriate decisions [CITATION The132 l 1033 ].
Descriptionof ethicsTheDecision-Making Model
Asprofessional caregivers, it is vital to treat all the patientsequally. Whether the patient is arrogant or harsh, the practitionersought to exercise professionalism. The quality of care is dependenton the caregivers. The decision-making model has four core elementsi.e. identification of facts, establishing the relevant ethicalprinciples, exploring the options, and then acting. Another examplecan be drawn from the ability to pay. In some instances, patientsfind it hard to pay and yet cash is important in the continuedoperation of the system. Practitioners are faced with a dilemma onwhether to continue treatment or not [CITATION Gal13 l 1033 ].
Ethicscan also be described in terms of bioethics. This entailscontroversial ethical issues emerging from new occurrences andpossibilities brought about by developments in medicine and biology.The undertaking is mainly based on the current innovations.Innovations in medicine and biology have resulted in new behaviors inthe respective fields. Medical practitioners have numerous tools.Even if an action is legally right, it does not mean it is morally orethically correct. One common bioethical issue involves abortion.Though it is legally condoned in many societies, it still drawscritics who deem it morally unjust. Legal problems that impact onmedical performance are also vast. A good example is a lawsuitagainst the mandate to purchase health insurance [CITATION Hum151 l 1033 ].
Whytopic is pertinent to the course
Inthe healthcare system, practitioners face ethical issues in numerousoccasions. Comprehending the basic concept of ethics is a vitalundertaking relevant to this course. It is a broad aspect thatrequires a comprehensive research to understand how decisions aremade to avoid mistakes.
Asillustrated above, ethics is an important topic when it comes to thehealthcare system. When faced with ethical dilemmas, the caregiversutilize a decision-making process that helps in the selectionprocess. Some of the aspects drawing ethical dilemmas in thehealthcare system include mandatory vaccinations, organ transplant,and confidentiality. However, the cases are many and differ dependingon the circumstances. As such, it important to have the basics onethics, particularly when it comes to the healthcare system.
Galanakis, Jansen, Lopalco and Giesecke (2013). Ethics of mandatory vaccination for healthcare workers. 1-8.
Human, D. (2015). Medical Ethics Manual. 1-73.
McCormick, T. R. (2013, October 1). The place of principles in bioethics. Retrieved from Priciples of Bioethics: https://depts.washington.edu/bioethx/tools/princpl.html