Sincethe ancient days, the world has faced a broad range of challenges.Most of these problems come in a magnitude that makes it hard for anysingle government or organization to solve. Addressing theseconstraints requires sharing of knowledge, resources, and common willacross the universe. Terrorism is one of the greatest globalchallenges of our time.
Theneed to curb terrorist activities has gained concern all over theworld. The shock of this crime is still fresh in the minds of thepeople from different continents. Also, the associated loss of lives,destruction of property, and destabilizing of the governing organsfurther necessitates the control of these criminal activities (Saha& Yap, 2013).Terrorists aim at the whole world and do not choose friends, enemies,frontiers, big or medium powers making them gain internationalhorrified dimensions (Paridaetal.,2015).All nations across the world have no choice but to collaborate incombating this challenge whenever it occurs. The development ofpreventive measures also requires a combined effort among nations.
Terroristattacks lead to political instability (Saha& Yap, 2013)).As a result, there is disappearance or decline of the touristarrivals in the affected region. According to the analyst, theseattacks alter the tourism demand patterns (Paridaetal.,2015).For instance, after the 9/11 attack in the US, there was anincreasing demand to cancel holiday plans. Regions that haveexperienced constant attacks develop a negative image. Travellersshow restraint towards these destinations and prefer to visit otherareas where their security is guaranteed. Moreover, the Visaregulations heighten after an attack (Paridaetal.,2015).Visitors pay higher costs while accessing the Visas and normally haveto undergo numerous body scans and lengthy procedures for carryingelectronic gadgets and liquids. These attacks act as travel barrierssince some nations regulate their citizens’ visit to the affectedregions. Entirely, these conditions change the tourists’ perceptionof a nation and hence the collapse of the tourism industry. The lownumber of visitors denies the industry an opportunity to expand dueto low-income levels.
Counter-terrorismmeasures can be classified into short-term and long-term categories.In the short-term approach, the knowledge that these criminal groupsoperate as a network could help curb their illegal activities(Hajibabaetal.,2016).The source of their finances should be identified and stopped.Without the funding planning and implementing an attack would betough. On the other hand, the long-term solution includes ensuringthere is a capable state power. The rise of the terrorist groups islinked to the cases of political instabilities in nations. The lackof basic social amenities in these countries leads to poverty, poorliving standards, and social insecurities. Consequently, the civilsociety becomes vulnerable to terrorist activities (Hajibabaetal.,2016).Bridging the gap between the developing and developed countries isalso an effective solution. Poverty in the emerging nations is amajor causal factor of terrorism. Other solutions may includeinvolvement of the public to surrender information concerning theterrorist activities. If information regarding these criminals ispassed to the relevant authority before the actual attack, it becomespossible to curb terrorism locally, regionally, and internationally(Hajibabaetal.,2016).
Inconclusion as evident in this essay, just like any other globalsectors, tourism industry suffers great losses as result ofterrorism. Some of the impacts of the terrorist activities in thetourism industry include increased costs of travel, negativeperception by the visitors, travel barriers, and decreased incomethat limits expansion potential. To curb these ill effects thenations must work collectively to stop terrorism. Governments shouldidentify and stop the sources of funding for these illegal groups,ensure a state power, and bridge the gap between the wealthy anddeveloping countries in their efforts to counter terrorism.
Hajibaba,H., Boztuğ, Y., & Dolnicar, S. (2016). Preventing tourists fromcanceling in times of crises. Annalsof Tourism Research, 60,48-62.
Parida,Y., Bhardwaj, P., & Chowdhury, J. (2015). Impact of Terrorism onTourism in India. EconomicsBulletin, 35(4),2543-2557.
Saha,S., & Yap, G. (2013). The moderation effects of politicalinstability and terrorism on tourism development: a cross-countrypanel analysis. Journalof Travel Research, 0047287513496472.