Aggressioncan be described as any form of behavior focused on injuring orharming another person who tries to avoid the treatment. This elementcan have both positive and negative impacts on performance. Forexample, one an athlete can be aggressive to achieve certain goals. Afootball player can be aggressive in making tackles. In that regard,the outcomes tend to be positive for the team. However, forcefulbehavior can lead to injuries if it is malicious. Aggressive behavioralso emanates from athletes, parents, and fans. They become angry tothe point of lashing out on other individuals. In some countries,fans may be too destructive to the extent of attacking the referees.As such, this paper will strive to investigate why people get mad tothe point of fighting. It is also vital to examine the psychologicalaspects showing the correlation between aggression and sports.
Aggressionin sport results from personality, frustration, and the influence ofthe role models. The extent of anger and violence varies across thedifferent sports. Media attention also contributes to the notion thatsport promotes aggression. According to Atay (2013), aggressionlevels vary depending on gender, participation in social activitiesand sports as well as academic achievement. The Buss-Perry AggressionScale showed that the male participants had higher physicalaggression as compared to the females. Nonetheless, the women hadhigher hostility scores as compared to the men. Physical aggressionscores among members who participate in a sport were found to behigher than those who do not. Aggression scores were particularly lowfor members participating in social activities. Additionally,participants with low academic achievements showed maximum physicalaggression levels. The study conclusively suggests that aggressionlevel varies across the gender, sports participation, socialactivities, and academic achievement [ CITATION Ata13 l 1033 ].
Accordingto Gordon Russell (2008), sport distinguishes between aggression andaggressiveness and the elements of body contacts necessary in somesports like martial arts, boxing, and rugby. In these games,participants conform to the rules of the game are allowed to beaggressive. However, it is illegitimate to injure another person evenin the contact sports. According to Russell, the impact ofprovocations or interpersonal aggression like songs, chants, andhurtful remarks contribute to sports aggressions. In other instances,influence from role models contributes to the behaviors. True heroesmust also embrace the physical challenges and be excellent in thesame. Physical aggression in this aspect is related to the role oftestosterone as well as sex differences. The finger digit ratio isalso likened to several personal features. The concept purports thatthe length of a male’s finger can relay his physicalaggressiveness. The shorter the index finger in relation to the ringfinger, the more animated he will be [ CITATION Lis08 l 1033 ].
Aggressionand violence in sport are also explained in Kerr (2002) assertions.According to this author, some sporting incidents are illegal, evenin the aggressive sports. For instance, violence after a game even inthe competitive sports is illegitimate. Some level of aggressionought to be maintained by modifying the rules on contact. The linebetween legitimate and illegitimate aggression in contact games isvery narrow. As such, athletes may injure one another while in theplaying field without facing many sanctions. Aggression, in thiscase, is described as the infliction of an aversive physical,gestural, verbal, or stimulus on another individual. It is not anattitude instead, it is behavior committed with the intention toinjure [ CITATION Joh02 l 1033 ].
Accordingto Krishnaveni, K. & Shahin, A. (2014), aggression varies acrossthe different sports. In some sport, it is natural while it isunwarranted in some. In that regard, it can be subdivided intodifferent types that is direct, indirect, instrumental, andemotional. In direct aggression, an athlete hurts or abuses the otherparty face to face via action or words. Indirect aggression is donethrough gossip, internal murmurings, or rumors. Instrumentalaggression is a cognitive aspect that is meant to gain something likescoring a goal, fame, or reward. In emotional assault, a small amountof intent or forethought is involved [ CITATION Kri14 l 1033 ].
Thoughseveral theories have been developed to elucidate on aggression, theyfall under four broad categories. The instinct concept purports thatattack emanates from an inherent drive such as hunger and thirst. Thesocial learning philosophy implies that aggression is based onknowledge and not just a biological motive. Another theory that ismoral reasoning is whereby the aggressor defends his/her actions asproper. The frustration-aggression theory implies that aggression iscaused by frustration. Any aggressive action that does not align withthe competitive spirit is illegitimate. Even though some sports arestill in the gray zone concerning the extent of aggression, it isillegitimate to cause any kind of harm to another person in the lineof sport [ CITATION Kri14 l 1033 ].
Inmost instances, aggression emanates from frustration. A frustratedindividual responds aggressively leading to injuries. For example,when a boxer is frustrated, he/she may bite an opponent during amatch. If an athlete does not control the anger or frustration, theresulting aggressive measure can be injurious to the opponent [ CITATION Ali14 l 1033 ].
Inconclusion, aggression in sports is a delicate topic due to thevarious aspects involved. For example, the extent of aggressivenessvaries across the sport with other forms of the act deemed asnatural. An aggressive conduct is rugby may be viewed differently inother sports. However, the extent to which aggression is allowed mustbe regulated to prevent injuries. Parents and fans normally reactaggressively when their team or favorite player is roughed whileplaying. However, it is important to adopt systematic measures atsociological and psychological levels to minimize the degree ofaggression.
Atay, E. (2013). Impact of sports and social activities participation on aggression level. International Journal of Academic Research, 169-173.
Joern, L. (2008, October 1). Aggression in sport – ugly, or just part of the game? Retrieved from http://idrottsforum.org/joelis_russell081001/
Kerr, J. (2002). Issues in Aggression and Violence in Sport: The ISSP Position Stand Revisited. Journal of Sport Psychologist, 68-78.
Krishnaveni, K., and Shahin, A. (2014). Aggression and its Influence on Sports Performance. International Journal of Physical Education, Sports and Health, 29-32.
Tocknell, A. (2014, August 12). Aggression in Sport. Retrieved from https://prezi.com/qdpe8ciugfzc/aggression-in-sport/