RS&HArchitecture, Engineering, and Consulting: Airport Constructions
RS&HArchitecture, Engineering, and Consulting Company: AirportConstructions
Accordingto Xie (2015), modern airports are as complex in structure as seen intheir extended runways and taxiways, wide passenger terminal sectionsand apron, and spacious ground designs among other infrastructuralelements. Globally, airport systems are currently perceived asstructures that need public investment, and are mostly funded anddesigned to generate the highest benefits. Every nation has a uniquegeography, financial base, and political structure, an implicationthat the airport systems are also distinct from country to country.As such, engineering companies that plan and construct airports mustbe competent enough to meet all the architectural requirements of themodern airports. Therefore, the research paper aims to providedetailed exposition regarding the United States’ RS&HArchitecture, Engineering, and Consulting Company and its involvementin airport construction works, with special reference tolandside-airside services it offers.
Reynolds,Smith and Hills, Inc. (RS&H) is an airport designer company basedin the United States. The idea that led to the creation of the firmin 1941 related to the need to need to have a system that was capableof integrating architectural and engineering concepts in theconstruction of airports, an objective that was not achievable ifsmall firms operated independently. Hence, the owners of threeseparate firms, that is, George Hills, Ivan Smith, and John Reynolds,agreed to merge their respective organizations to form RS&H,which has its headquarters in Florida (RS&H,2016).At first, the organization concentrated on projects related tomilitary aviation, and was responsible for designing Banana RiverNaval Station’s aviation support amenities in the year 1942. Overthe years, the company progressed and expanded in the United States,gaining popularity to an extent of being chosen to plan a facilitythat was aimed to accommodate the Air Force missile initiatives ofNASA in the year 1962. RS&H has since grown and attained a globalposition, providing a wide array of services such as construction,architecture, interior designs, real estate, engineering, andplanning among others (RS&H,2016).
The concept of airside-landside emphasizes on automated movementsystems for pedestrians to facilitate rapid and effective shuttlingof passengers to and from two distinct facilities. Mainly, thelandside structure enables the processing of baggage and passengerswithout having to be at physical proximity with the aircraftadditional facilities incorporated in the landside for joyfulpassenger experience include atriums and concessions (Xie, 2015). Onthe other hand, airside structures stress on successful aircraftservicing, and comprises of those facilities that function inunloading, fueling, and loading. When the two facilities areseparated, there is an enhanced flexibility regarding the adaptationto environmental shifts concerning new aircraft and policies relatedto passenger processing (Xie, 2015) RS&H has, therefore, beenconsidering airside-landside concept in its architectural andengineering designs. To comprehend how the portions the company workson regarding airside-landside facilities, the case of Boise Airport,which is summarized later in the paper, is reviewed.
RS&HAirside Facilities Offered
Someof the prominent airside facilities provided by RS&H in most ofits aircraft constructions include taxiways, runways, aprons, andlightings. For example, when the company was assigned to work atBoise Airport, it considered a number of airside facilities. In thatproject, RS&H considered the rehabilitation of runway 10R/28L.Additionally, the company proposed the improvement of the approachin-pavement lighting of the runway to ensure that it met thestandards of the CAT III. Also, while expanding the air cargofacility, RS&H identified the need to introduce taxiwayfacilities, which were classified as taxiways B, D1, and A6. Anotherairside portion that RS&H worked for the Boise Airport projectwas the lighting, signage, and NAVAID improvement and fitting on therunways and taxiways. Regarding aprons, the company consideredasphalt pavement with aircraft tie downs while doing a generalaviation rehabilitation plan for Boise Airport. Therefore, RS&Hconsiders airside facilities in its construction activities.
RS&HLandside Facilities Offered
Amongthe many landside facilities offered by RS&H include the airportbusiness parks, parking garages, roadways, and service places. Again,the Boise Airport project plan indicated the portions that thecompany emphasizes pertaining to landside facilities. Hence, whiledesigning roadway upgrade projects, the improvement of terminal areaparking lots, tenant sections, and access roads were given priorconsiderations. The process involved fencing, the rehabilitation ofshort- and long-run parking lot, the redesigning of parking lot, theimprovement of terminus access roads, and the installation oflandscape walls. All the above facilities are acknowledged aslandside, portraying the areas of focus the company works on as faras such structures are concerned.
RS&Hand Boise Airport Upgrade Project
WhenRS&H was given the contract to upgrade Boise Airport of Idaho inthe United States, it came up with a wonderful five-year projectdesign that only indicated how experience the organization wasexperienced in airport architecture and engineering. The project hadfour distinct strategic phases namely: planning and preliminarydesign phase, design phase, bidding phase, and constructionadministration/resident engineer phase. In the planning andpreliminary phase, the company identified several key areas ofemphasis. Hence, RS&H committed to complete the process ofenvironmental assessment, grouped related projects and evaluatedtheir impacts on the environment, outlined the Federal AviationAdministration-FAA standards to be observed, justified the financialgrants, ranked projects in terms of priority, conducted a costbenefit assessment, completed the Common Indexing Protocol-CIP,emphasized on the need to comply with Airport Layout Plan-ALP.Besides, the company planned several meetings with Boise Airport,FAA, and other stakeholders to ensure that there was projectefficiency (RS&H,2010).
Thesecond stage was the design phase, and it engaged all the designexperts who took part in the preliminary stage of design. The designphase was divided into five levels. Level one involved phasing oroperations, in which the effects the construction would have on theoperation of the airfield were clarified. Issues considered hereincluded: the minimization of closures of runways and taxiways,ensuring that there was constant entrance and exit of the air cargofacilities, putting in place taxi routing that was safe andFAA-compliant, and reducing interruptions to mainline paving. Thesecond level related to investigation, in which the constructorscollaborated to clarify project details. The third level, designmemorandum, outlined all the technical approaches in the projectregarding the limits of airside and landside modifications. Thefourth level of design phase involved the accurate estimation of theproject cost, which was followed by an affirmation the company offersquality airport constructions, hence the less chances of constructionchange orders (RS&H,2010).
Thethird phase involved bidding, which was to be completed by the designteam. Here, a pre-bid meeting was conducted, queries by Boise Airportaddressed, bid tabulations were prepared, and evaluations and awardrecommended. Finally, the fourth phase involved the actualconstruction administration or resident engineering (RS&H,2010).
Theproject areas of consideration during renovation included: Runway10R/28L rehabilitation, all cargo expansion, taxiway D1 construction,taxiway A6 reconstruction, lighting. Signage and NAVAID upgrade southairfield development, general aviation rehabilitation, and roadwayrehabilitation. Rehabilitation plan for runway 10R/28L involved theelimination of the surface porous friction course with the consequentreplacement with an overlay of asphalt. Besides, all cargo expansiontook consideration of landside and airside to ensure that bothmatched with the immediate airfield and Gowen Road. Hence, RS&Hdid the expansion while and made readjustments to the taxiwayfacilities, which were classified as taxiways B, D1, and A6.Regarding lighting system, there was the inclusion of the base canand conduit edge lighting system of 5000-volt, with an electrodecable of type L-824C was recommended. Besides, the company alsoconsidered to include category II instrument landing system,touchline and centerline zone lighting, and the installation ofairfield signage. RS&H considered asphalt pavement with aircrafttie downs while doing a general aviation rehabilitation plan forBoise Airport (RS&H,2010).
Opinionon RS&H Company
RS&H’sexpertise in architectural and engineering works is first classbecause it does not only focus on the constructions, but also ensuresits operations are compliant with the standards set by FAA, CIP, andALP. Besides, the company acknowledges the importance ofcollaborations in project completion, involving every stakeholder indecision making. Above all, the company follows distinct projectphases, which ensures that its operations are cost-effective.Therefore, it is the right place for the growth of futurearchitectural and other groups of design engineers in the UnitedStates.
Indeed,the concepts of airport construction have evolved over the years toensure that passenger and aircraft operations are smooth anduninterrupted. Whereas landside facilities roadways and parkinggarages ensure easy aircraft servicing, airside services like runwaysand taxiways enables the processing of baggage and passengers withouthaving to be at physical proximity with the aircraft. RS&Hobserves the airside-landside concepts in its airport constructionendeavors.
RS&H.(2010).Boise Airport Five Years Engineering Project.Retrieved 11 December 2016, fromhttp://www.cityofboise.org/city_clerk/060810/r-165-10.pdf
RS&H.(2016).Company History.Retrieved 11 December 2016, fromhttp://rsandh.com/about-us/company-history
Xie,X. Y. (2015). Explore the Airport Terminal Construction Survey.In AdvancedMaterials Research (Vol.1065, pp. 2309-2312). Zurich, Switzerland: Trans Tech Publications.