Morrill(2013) wants to stress the importance of risk assessment byhealthcare design professionals. He believes that adoption of FailureModes and Effect Analysis (FMEA) can help in the elimination of riskand finding a favorable outcome in an ironically inherent high-riskenvironment such as a hospital. The author uses two studies where heapplies FMEA. He finds that healthcare professionals feel thatlocating an ICU next to surgical unit would be appropriate than theemergency department. Moreover, in another study, the author foundout that FMEA structure conversation also helped in knowing whatwould be “the best method to transport specimens from operatingroom to pathology and which was via pneumatic tube rather thanphysically walking,” (Morrill, 2013).
Theauthor brings to attention the importance of risk assessment inhealth care facilities by design professionals in increasingprecision of informed decisions and design (Morrill, 2013). Morrillfeels that health care environment is inherent with risk and thus,staff must exercise their duties with diligence as they dispose ofwaste. Morrill targets healthcare design professionals. In theargument, the author tries to show the importance of risk assessmentusing literature and two hospital experiments to prove his point.
He states that through health reforms, failures in healthcare havebecome transparent via website satisfaction comparison rating andreporting of infectious disease. Moreover, the author found out thatthe adoption of failure modes and effect analysis “resulted inlocating the ICU adjacent to the medical/surgical unit and not theemergency department. Also, For Hospital B, it resulted intransporting specimens from the operating room to pathology viapneumatic tube instead of physically walking the long distance,”(Morrill, 2013).
Thearticle is well articulated and though it lacks major components ofresearch the author is able to bring his point clearly. In thefindings, what the author tries to do is to show the importance ofrisk assessment in health care facilities by design professionals,which is an important aspect in healthcare sectors. This can besupported by a statement that was raised by European Union (2011),“the fact that this is clearly a high-risk sector have given riseto a debate on the need for a specific approach in order to improvethe protection of the health and safety of hospital personnel atUnion level.”
Fromthe two hospitals, one can say that FMEA helps in solving or makingdecisions in cases where people are faced with potential delays inpatient care as it brings clarity in situations where there aredifferent opinions and solutions are not obvious. Furthermore, FMEArisk assessment aided the hospitals to prioritize, thus makingdecisions that produced the best outcomes. However, the responses oroutcome achieved from FMEA do not necessary mean that they are thebest.
EuropeanUnion. (2011). Occupational health and safety risks in the healthcaresector. Guideto prevention and good practice,1-282.
Morrill, P. W.(2013). as Standard Work in Design. HERD:Health Environments Research & Design Journal,7(1),114-123. doi:10.1177/193758671300700110