Quebecis the second most populated province in Canada and the largest ingeographic area. Quebec is poised to leave Canada and become anindependent country. The most significant reason for the separationis the difference in language and identity of Quebec`s populous fromthe rest of Canada. An 80% majority of the province speaks French andhas a different culture from the rest of the English-speakingCanadians. Residents of the region fear assimilation of their cultureand language by the Anglophone culture present in the rest of Canada(Des Granges, 2014).This study is aimed at analyzing the possiblereasons and methods for Quebec`s separation from Canada the researchis important as it will provide recommendations for the most suitablemethod of granting Quebec independence.
How to deal with the separation
Themost suitable way of providing Quebec independence and maintainingeconomic ties is setting up two systems of government. The principleof one country two systems was implemented in China where Hong Kongand Macau were independent and had their capitals and culturedistinct from the rest of China. The two, however, remained part ofChina. The separate regions of the country can each have anindependent political and financial system and even createindependent international relations but remain the same country.
Separationof Quebec from Canada would mean Canada effectively loses over ahundred billion U.S. dollars in annual goods and services. The statewould also lose approximately quarter of its population and a largeland mass that would have been put to use. Quebec, on the other hand,will also have a tough time setting up new foreign relations andcreating a self-reliant economy(Somers & Vaillancourt, 2014).
The separation would have drastic effects on both regions of thedivide. The setting up of a one country’s two systems type of agovernment would save both regions the negative effects of separationwhile simultaneously providing each with independence.
Des Granges, C. (2014). Finding Legitimacy: Examining QuebecSovereignty from Pre-Confederation to Present. InternationalJournal of Canadian Studies, (50), 25-44.
Somers, K., & Vaillancourt, F. (2014). Some economic dimensionsof the sovereignty debate in Quebec: debt, GDP, and migration. OxfordReview of Economic Policy, 30(2), 237-256.