Potentialof Reducing Fuel Cost
In the modern world the effects of global warming and concerns overthe over reliance on fossil fuels has driven society to more fuelefficiency and use of green or environmentally friendly fuels. Thecost of fuel is also of great concern to companies that utilize largeamounts of fuel such as trucking companies and airlines. A companyhas the potential of saving millions of dollars is they implementeffective and fuel saving techniques. Assuming a company uses 10000liters of fuel per day if the company manages to save two dollarsper liter of fuel. The company will save 20,000 dollars per day whichamounts to approximately 600,000 dollars per month. Technology hasalso become a tool for every manager and company president toconsider. The main objective of technology is the reduction ofexpenses and making work easier. In the transport and generally inall industries companies that have managed to managed to gain anadvantage are those that have mastered the effective implementationand use of new technology. The main objective of any business tomaximize on profit making by all ethical means possible.
This research is based on reviewing Peregrine Trucking Company. Thecompany president has hired ne on the capacity of a transportanalyst. In this study paper I will analyze the Peregrine TruckingCompany and identify any habits and practices by the company thatcould lead to potential wastage or overpayment for fuel. The studywill also look into the potential savings made from the use ofeffective transport equipment such as tires and other transportequipment. This paper is purposed to analyze fuel expenditure byPeregrine Trucking Company and then recommend ways of reducing fuelscosts the study is vital as it will provide a deep look intopossible simple ways of saving money by reduction in fuel expenses.The tips in the study can also be implemented by any vehicle ownerand not necessarily a trucking company
Recommendationsfor Reduction of Fuel Costs
The first step in saving of fuels costs is to interview the staff atPeregrine Trucking Company and find out their normal fuel consumptionand driving habits. The paper is based on the analysis of use ofefficient and effective trucking equipment however if the drivers whoare the main users of these equipment are not aware or choose toignore them the company will still have high fuel costs. Since truckdrivers are a key determinant in saving of fuel all the driversshould be called for a meeting regarding fuel saving. Drivers who areaware of the attempt by the company to save on fuel costs are morelikely to develop fuel saving habits compared to those in the darkabout the plan. Driver education is also critical. In this contextthe education is on fuel saving driving habits and techniques. Asimple example is, when a driver accelerates over a short distancethen stops or reduces the speed more fuel will be consumed. Anotherdriver on the other hand would prefer not to accelerate and maintaina speed which he or she will then not have to step on the brake andlose momentum and in the process saves time. Simple driving practicesthat the company would not even consider as an element in theconsumption of fuel add up and eventually lead to a higher rate ofconsumption of fuel(Windecker, & Ruder, 2013). The company shouldtherefore hire a transport and fuel saving expert to provide thecompany drivers education and tips on how to save fuel while on theroad. In all industries inclusive of the transport industry highlyeffective staff is a resource since most company operations areundertaken by the staff ad not the management. The management shouldas a result prioritize on the training and retaining of qualifiedstaff that understand and take to heart the company’s objectives.
Useof Efficient Tires
The type of tires and the air pressure in the tires determinessignificantly the consumption of fuel by the company. The quality andnewness of the tires are also factors to consider when coming up witha strategy to save on fuel costs. Tires that have low pressure orinadequate pressure tend to increase the tire resistance on thetarmac and hence lead to higher fuel consumption. The company shouldensure all tires are checked for pressure in the mornings when it isstill cold since air expands during the day and may give inaccuratefigures. Depending on the type of vehicle and tires a perfect tirepressure can be determined and used on all tires used by the company.Old tires on the other hand reduce tire resistance on the road to aninefficient state. The old tires tend to slide and slip on the roadleading more revolutions of the tire for a similar distance and thisleads to a higher fuel consumption rate (Shancitaetal. 2013).
Efficiencyin the Air Use and Delivery Systems
Engines of cars that use fossil fuels usually produce energy fromthe combustion of a mixture of fuels and air. The air that isutilized by the engine is feed to it through the air intake systemcovered by the air filter. The company should ensure that the airfilters are regularly checked and replaced to save on fuelconsumption. An old air filter collects dirt and soil particles whichthen increase air resistance and feed the engine with less air due toblockage from the particles. An engine that does not receive adequateair for combustion of fuel requires more fuel to produce the samepower it would produce using less fuel but with the required airmixture. Due to incomplete combustion of fuel the trucks wouldconsume more fuel, pollute the environment more since it will havehigh carbon exhaust fumes. Air conditioning systems are also a majorcontributor to the consumption of fuel. Using the air conditioningsystem uses 5 to 20 percent more fuel than would have been required.Drivers working for the company are advised not to use the airconditioning system unless it is absolutely necessary. The companyshould also conduct an analysis on the type of air conditioningsystems used in their trucks and if feasible they can replace themwith more efficient systems. Another point related to air is thetrucks air resistance while on the road. Air resistance occurs to allvehicles at all times in motion since the vehicle is travelling onthe road but is always in contact with atmospheric air. Theatmospheric air produces a small resistance on the trucks and thisincreases fuel consumption. Air resistance is however more negligibleas the truck moves at lower speeds, a car moving at high speed isexposed to higher amounts of air resistance and hence uses more fuel.The company should advice all it truck drivers to drive within acertain range of speed or even install speed governors on theirvehicles. Higher speeds translate to higher consumption rates (Rahmanet al. 2014)
Reductionor Elimination of Truck idling
It is estimated that idling trucks in the USA alone consume over 838million gallons of fuel yearly on just idling. Idling is the practiceof leaving the engine running while the car is not in motion or aboutto move. The practice is also not socially acceptable as it leads tohigher greenhouse gas emotions and pollution. Truck drivers mostleave their vehicles to idle in order to regulate cabin temperatureas well as heat the fuel and engine in the winter to preventstalling. It is not practical to expect that drivers will stop thistrend overnight plus it is only logical to heat the cabin along withthe engine and fuel during the winter period. Peregrine TruckingCompany should look into contemporary alternatives to heat the cabinand prevent the fuel and engine from freezing in winter. Technologiessuch as direct fired heaters are available to assist with the aboveconcerns. The direct fired heaters are systems that run on the trucksbattery and automatically start up and stop depending on thetemperature of the fuel and the engine. The systems are fitted withsensors that measure engine and fuel temperature and when they arebelow a certain temperature the system fires up and heats the engineand fuel to the required temperature then automatically shut down.The system also utilizes the truck`s vehicle to heat or cool thedriver`s cabin. The truck can have an extra battery installed to runthe system which will then be recharged as the vehicle moves at noextra cost. Peregrine Trucking Company has the potential of savingmillions by installing a system or a similar type of device in theirtrucks. The systems are socially acceptable as it utilizes cleanbattery power with zero emissions as well as reducing noise from thetruck idling. The system also maximizes on energy consumption byautomatically shutting down when not required (Huo& Yao, 2012).
Equipment for the sake of this study includes parts used in thetruck and the entire truck. The weight of a vehicle determines agreat deal on the fuel the vehicle will consume. A truck or car thatis fully loaded with heavy goods and equipment will consume more fuelthan one that is empty and hence has a smaller weight. The companyshould ensure that once a truck reaches its destination all the loadis removed and placed in the warehouse or whatever place it is meantto be stored. The truck should then be cleaned and all theunnecessary weight on the truck is removed. This practice will ensurethat the truck does not consume more fuel than is the minimumrequired. In the cases where only one driver is assigned to a truckthe driver should not be allowed to pick up unauthorized passengerson transit as passengers also add weight to the truck. Although theweight of an individual seems insignificant to that of a truck thefuel saved over the long distance will add up. Also if all driverswhere to pick up extra passengers the cumulative effect on fuelconsumption will be huge and noticeable.
Settingup of effective and efficient routes is a major plan that PeregrineTrucking
Company needs to embark on. Uncoordinated and unplanned transportroutes can lead to an increase in fuel costs as vehicles will uselonger routes and a mix-up is very likely to occur. Cargo that couldhave been allocated to a single truck might be allocated to twodifferent trucks which is clearly a mistake and high cost mistake forthat. Two trucks will consume twice as much fuel as one truck wouldconsume. Implementing a strategic route management system should be apriority for Peregrine Trucking Company. By using a strategic systemthe fleet of trucks can be used as one large resource for moreeffective transportation and lower consumption of fuel. The use ofGPS and other mapping technologies the company can mark up theshortest and the most efficient route to use and allocate each drivera route to use before the truck driver leaves the station for thedestined location (Burke& Miller, 2013).
Fuel cost translates to a large portion of Peregrine TruckingCompany`s operation costs and for the company to increase profitmargins they must cut down fuel costs. The study concludes that oneof the most significant methods of reducing fuel costs is byeducating the drivers on fuel efficient driving techniques. In thecontemporary world technology is one of the key factors that driveschange and advancement in any industry globally. Peregrine TruckingCompany must embrace technology in terms of high tech fuel savingequipment such as electronic heating systems that use energy from thebattery as opposed to traditional methods that burn fuel in order toregulate temperatures in the cabin as well as in heating fuel and theengine in winter times.
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