Pollutionand Global Warming
Theglobal warming phenomenon has been a rising concern across the worldwith the notable changes in weather patterns. Resultantly, differentscholars and people developed distinct views on the conundrum. It isapparent that the issue is mostly associated with matters linked topollution, especially air pollution. With this, it is important togive this topic the attention it deserves since it is directlyaffecting life on earth with the developing countries suffering themost despite their little pollution contribution. In this paper, Iwill argue that global warming must be curbed by both the developingand developed countries, employing differentiated methods andpolicies that aim to reduce the atmospheric greenhouse gasconcentrations.
Itis apparent that climatic change effects cannot be distributeduniformly throughout the world making it possible to have both losersand winners following the phenomenon. Therefore, the third worldcountries have a higher chance of experiencing disproportionateadverse influences associated with global warming. As the earth’stemperature continues to rise due to activities such as coal burningand deforestation, regions, especially Africa and Asia will encounterreducing crop yields (Fowler, 60). Consequently, they will find itrather difficult to produce the much needed food linked to domesticconsumption and their major exports will simultaneously decline involume. Due to this, it is only proper that the developing countriesfind ways in which they can minimize the effects of global warming sothat they can survive issues such as reduced agriculturalproductivity and intensified heatwaves (Fowler, 43).
Further,the heightened severity and frequency of intense weather patternswill become a burden to the government of developing nations. Naturaldisaster aftermaths always fall on the administration, forcing themto allocate huge cash amounts on healthcare costs and clear-upactivities. These countries are also more likely to experiencerevenue decline, particularly if they depend highly on fishing rightssale or tourism (Fowler, 58). Accordingly, they will receive limitedresources from first world countries in form of economic developmentand financial aid because they too will be struggling throughincreased pressure on their domestic budgets. They will alsoexperience a forced decision to channel their resources away fromgrowth-promoting and productive strategies and towards curbingextreme weather costs. Due to this, the developing countries willhave a limited capacity to reconstruct attributed to the damagednear-term development expectations. They will take a much longer timeto recoup from the natural disasters, remaining in a constantreconstruction state (Fowler, 61).
Despitethe different effects of global warming that directly influence thedeveloping world, there are ways in which they can still survive thedisasters. The one way they can do this is by adapting to the alreadychanging climate through incorporating agricultural methods that areclimate-resilient (Shende, n.p). These include the adaptation ofcrops, seeds, and practices suitable for areas with high temperaturesand require less water consumption. In simpler terms, as the generalcrop yields reduces, alternative crops must be discovered to presentsimilar or even better nutrients to the people even with reducedproduction. Further, they can also utilize low-carbon technologies,while reducing their short-lived atmospheric pollutants producedlargely by human activities.
Fig.1. Source of Anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissionswww.climatechange.ws/facts/.
Onesuch pollutant is the black carbon. It is believed that overthree-quarters of the black carbon around the globe comes from thethird world countries by biomass burning, old diesel engines, andopen pit burning (Santisi,14). Short-lived atmospheric pollutantsalso include hydroflurocarbons release from the energy insufficientair conditioners and methane from waste (Shende, n.p). Incollaboration with practicing the effective cutting down of greenhouse gases emissions, developing countries are more likely to movepast the effects of global warming and enjoy beneficent activities.
Itis true that for the developing nations to curb issues related toclimatic change they need substantial help from the developedcountries in terms of financial aid. However, this is not theultimate solution to this concern, especially with the increasedcorrupt government officials in these areas. Therefore, foreignfinancial aid should be an addition to intrinsic funding sources fromnational taxes to help control the effects of climate change.Additionally, the government officials must make the public know howthese resources are being used to ensure that their lives are notadversely influenced by abnormal climatic patterns. Furthermore, theworld must treat pollution the ecology as a serious crime, whichrequires the participants to be accountable to the society.Resultantly, there is need for the introduction of a tax linked toglobal carbon (Abrahams, n.p). The method is quite easy to enforceand controlled since perpetrators will be required to pay the societywhen they emit greenhouse gases instead of the normal method thatrequires them to receive payment not to discharge pollutants. Evenwith the different forms of aid, it is necessary for people acrossthe globe to make better decisions regarding their consumption andinvestment arrangements. They should boycott greenhouse gasesemissions by using alternative fueling methods (Abrahams, n.p).Through this, they will reduce the carbon footprint in the atmosphereand enjoy more regular weather patterns.
Sinceglobal warming mainly poses a threat to the developing nations, thefirst world industrialized countries should participate in ensuringthe percentage reduction of carbon in the atmosphere. It isnoteworthy to state that these nations are the ones that highlycontribute to the emission of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere(Bhatnagar, n.p). The increased emissions from these countriesrequires them to take responsibility alongside third world countriesin tackling the issues of climatic change. Unfortunately, most ofthese industrialized rich nations refuse to show commitment towards acarbon-free atmosphere that requires them to allocate a hundredbillion dollars to climatic aid (Bhatnagar, n.p). Accordingly, littlefund is available to handle the matter causing a strain on thedeveloping nations that already have restricted resources. If thisscenario continues, it is more likely that the earth will continue tosuffer abnormal weather patterns, which would affect the wellbeingand health of not only human beings but also the plant and animalspecies.
Inclosing, global warming is a very critical issue as far as theearth’s survival is concerned. Therefore, it is the responsibilityof all humans and countries to ensure that they take up goodpractices that do not contribute towards an elevated carbon footprintin the atmosphere. Despite the fact that the developing countriessuffer the most due to climatic change as a result of pollution, evendeveloped countries should join the fight since they primarilypollute the environment to a greater extent. Collaboration is key toensure a healthy environment free from extreme weather disasters thatcause death to organic beings.
Abrahams,Yvette, “Developing Nations Must Watch the Purse Strings forClimate Aid.” TheNew York Times,posted on 1 April 2014, retrieved online on 3 January 2017, fromhttp://www.nytimes.com/roomfordebate/2014/04/01/global-warming-and-the-developing-world/developing-nations-must-watch-the-purse-strings-for-climatic-aid.
Bhatnagar,Dipti. “Rich Nations Must Pay their Ecological Debt.” TheNew York Times,updated on 3 April 2014, retrieved online on 3 January 2017, fromhttp://www.nytimes.com/roomfordebate/2014/04/01/global-warming-and-the-developing-world/rich-nations-must-pay-their-ecological-debt.
Fowler,Thomas B. "The Global Warming Conundrum." ModernAge, Vol.54, No. 1-4, 2012, pp. 40-62
Santist,Jennifer. "Black Carbon`s big Impacts: Pollution from Diesel andCookstoves is Driving up Global Warming Rates." E,Vol. 23, No. 1, 2012, pp. 13-15
Shende,Rajendra, “The Developing World Must Help Protect Itself fromClimate Change.” TheNew York Times,updated on 28 May 2014, retrieved online on 3 January 2017, fromhttp://www.nytimes.com/roomfordebate/2014/04/01/global-warming-and-the-developing-world/the-developing-world-must-help-protect-itself-from-climate-change.