Police-CommunityAssociation in Crime Reduction
Crimeis a widespread issue in the state, local and federal governments.Notably, the law enforcement officers ought to undertake a swiftaction in the response and prevention of law-breaking and terrorismcases within the society. Therefore, there is the urgent need toaddress the aspects of intelligence gathering, crime prevention andthe sharing of information. For the endeavor to be successful, thenthere should be a change in the culture of the law enforcementorganizations whereby, the police can interact with the community andpartner up to minimize wrongdoing incidents. Thus, the informationpresented in this article is a rationale that the police should workin close collaboration with the community to reduce crime.
As a tradition, the police department is thebody mandated the task of solving and preventing misconducts such asrobbery, theft, and burglary. However, in the bid to reduce crime,the police should form a collaborative partnership with thecommunity, where the connections are meant to expedite trust betweenthe two. There has been a limited involvement of the community incrime solving for the past few years. Notably, the locals can be auseful asset to the police department in the provision of informationand support (O’Neill & McCarthy, 2014). Strikingly, they arethe people who can inform the law enforcement officers on the actualproblems taking place within their surroundings and can assist themwith their investigations. This report analyzes and proposes theeffective techniques that can be employed to bolster a favorableconnection between the two.
How can the state foster a productivepartnership between the police department and the community to ensureminimized incidents of crime?
The community and the police can interact innumerous ways such as community policing and data sharing. Whereasdata exchange entails the disclosure of crime- related informationwith the police, community policing focuses on the enhancement oflegitimacy and trust between the two parties. The law enforcementofficers should hold meetings with the community on a regular basisto address the areas of concern with relation to crime (Graziano,Rosenbaum & Schuck, 2014). By so doing, the state can experienceenhanced cooperation between the community and the police department,thus ensuring effective crime fighting and minimal expenditures tothe state.
From the community policing oriented issuessuch as truancy can be addressed through the establishment of anefficient police-teacher environment or rather communication.Juvenile delinquency being a key contributor to the hiking crimerates calls for the combined efforts of the teacher and the lawenforcement officers. For instance, the education institutions cancome up with coordinated connections between the faculty and thestudents to enhance their performance and increase attendance inschool. By so doing, the school community relieves the localauthorities of their tedious tasks of dealing with many cases ofjuvenile delinquency.
Besides, the community can be quite useful inthe disclosure of information to the police. Therefore, the stateshould promote data sharing measures between the citizens and thepolice department in the bid to fight crime effectively. Thetechnique allows for the obtaining of data by the police and theconsequential sharing with other policing agencies. For instance, theGeographic Information Systems enable police agencies to gather dataon crimes and distribute them efficiently for use by otherorganizations. As a result, crime analysis is enhanced influencingthe accuracy of the investigations. Other tools such as onlinegeographic can be employed to enable information distribution toindividuals, residents, and law enforcement organizations (O’Neill& McCarthy, 2014).
The state can also apply community policing inconjunction with the principles of external partnerships wherecitizens exercise ‘neighborhood watch” and report to the policeof any suspicious activity. Thus the state should support theincentive as it aids the police in preparation for an anticipatedcrime or even provide a response with respect to a prevailing fear ofattack. When trust is created between the two groups, the police arein a position to understand the activities going on in the residence(Gill et al., 2014).
For the state to effectively containdelinquency, then the law enforcement department should work hand inhand with the locals, a relationship that is of great benefit to thetwo parties. The techniques that can enhance the cooperation of theparties in question include data sharing and community policing. Datasharing focuses on the disclosure of information regarding criminalactivities to the law enforcement officers whereas community policingis oriented towards creating a healthy environment between the policeand the community or rather the enhancement of legitimacy and trustbetween the two parties.
Crime prevention is an activity that calls forjoint efforts between numerous parties. Therefore, the police as thepeople given the authority to fight the delinquency activities shouldincorporate a number of tools as to enhance peace within thecommunity. Such devices include enhancement of police- communityconnection, community policing and data sharing. Such forums allowfor the capitalization of the community’s resources and those fromthe police departments to do away with the activities of law-breaking (Graziano, Rosenbaum & Schuck, 2014).
Gill, C.,Weisburd, D., Telep, C. W., Vitter, Z., & Bennett, T. (2014).Community-oriented policing to reduce crime, disorder and fear andincrease satisfaction and legitimacy among citizens: a systematicreview. Journalof Experimental Criminology, 10(4),399-428.
Graziano, L.M., Rosenbaum, D. P., & Schuck, A. M. (2014). Building groupcapacity for problem solving and police–community partnershipsthrough survey feedback and training: A randomized control trialwithin Chicago’s community policing program. Journalof Experimental Criminology, 10(1),79-103.
O’Neill,M., & McCarthy, D. J. (2014). (Re) negotiating police culturethrough partnership working: Trust, compromise and the‘new’pragmatism. Criminologyand criminal justice, 14(2),143-159.