Nurses have a significant role to play in ensuring that a patient’ssafety is upheld during hospitalization. Primarily, patients’safety should be maintained to avoid a blame culture in attempts toimprove performance within an organization. While reviewing theInstitute of Medicine’s report, To Err is Human, Hendeenoted that 7000 preventable deaths took place due to medical errorsin 1999 alone (2001). Hendee (2001), noted that the cause of thedeaths was inclined to a failure in upholding patients’ safetyduring hospitalization and that the losses could have been easilyavoided. On that regard, monitoring the safety of a patient duringmedication successfully prevents unavoidable deaths. Therefore,nurses should be obliged to observe and uphold safety duringmedication to avoid fatalities as well as delineating a patient frommore harm.
The advocacy roleof nurses is not well understood but it entails the paternalisticconcept of ensuring that patients are not prone to harm (Choi, 2015).This role allows nurses to ensure that they offer protection topatients by appropriately limiting the number of harm agents andfactors. Therefore, nurses should ensure that they intercede onbehalf of their patients in a bid to achieve their role of advocacy.Moreover, through advocacy the nurse should be the liaison betweenthe patients, their relatives, and the physicians. In this case,nurses should ensure that they preserve human dignity by aggressivelyrepresenting their patients in any situation whatsoever. Nursesshould also offer care to patients through advocating for equalityamong patients in terms of care delivery and provision. Reducing,preventing, or managing patients’ suffering, be it psychological,emotional, or physical, is another role nurse should embrace duringservice delivery. Competent nurses should, therefore, be able to takethe above roles and responsibilities.
Choi, P. (2015). Patient advocacy: the role of the nurse. NursingStandard, 29(41), 52-58.http://dx.doi.org/10.7748/ns.29.41.52.e9772
Hendee, W. (2001). To Err is Human: Building a Safer Health System.Journal Of Vascular And Interventional Radiology, 12(1),P112-P113. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s1051-0443(01)70072-3