A Preparticipation Physical Exam (PPE) is a vital step that ensuresthat one is safe to participate in organized sport. Based on (ACSM,2015) research, its main agenda is to assist in maintaining healthand safety of the participant in training and competition. In thisscenario, the PPE aims at identifying the medical and orthopedicissues that may place George at risk for injury or illness identifycorrectable health issues that may hinder George’s ability toperform in football and enlighten the father on the sport, injuriesand health related issues arising from the sport.
On examination, the results suggested that he had a Grade 1 murmur. Amurmur occurs when the heart muscles contracts and are usually gradedon a scale of one to six. Generally grade one murmurs are regarded asinnocent. According to (AHA 2015) innocent murmurs are common inchildren and are harmless, thus the child does not need anymedication or cardiac evaluation. Hence, this does not hinder activeparticipation in sports.
However, from previous examinations, the sickle cell trait was notedin George’s system. In very rare occasions, (CDC 2015) conditionssuch as low oxygen levels in the air such as during intense trainingand dehydration may be harmful to people with SCT. However, (NCAA2014) assures that exercising with SCT is generally safe and withproper awareness and education, it poses no barrier to outstandingathletic performance. The association goes ahead to acknowledge thatthere are athletes with the trait and that it is not a barrier totheir exercise or participation in sports. In addition, no sportsmedicine body suggests the exclusion of an athlete with SCT. Asforethought, the body recommends through testing and examinationprior to competition. Based on this, George can start practicingfootball as soon as a SCD specialist clears him.
Football is a full contact game. Thus, a large number of health risksare associated with participating in the sport. In accordance to(NFLPS 2013), injuries that come up from football include strains,sprains, fractures dislocations and concussions. The best preventivemeasures to be undertaken (by George and the father) should be basedon correct gear and equipments for practice and joining anestablished team with an experienced coach will help reduce the risk.In addition, game-day health status evaluation is also vital inminimizing the risk of injuries.
American College of Sports Medicine (2015) Retrieved 2017-01-13
American Heart Association (2015) Retrieved 2017-01-13
NationalCollegiate Athletic Association (2014) Retrieved 2017-01-13
NationalFootball League Physicians Society (2013) Retrieved 2017-01-13