MiddleEast Refugee Displacement Crisis
Culturalecology depends on the association of culture, man, and environment(Fabinyi, Evans, and Foale 29). Inside the subject of anthropology,cultural ecology clarifies the birthplaces of specific socialexamples which describe specific ranges as opposed to determininggeneral standards relevant to any social natural circumstance.Accentuation is put on the investigation of the particulars of nearbysituations as opposed to societies histories. The global refugeecrisis is as a result of growing internal conflicts in the affectedcountries. With regards to the Syrian crisis, the fight between Assadand the rebels continues to persist for more than four years now.According to cultural ecology concept, the persistent internalconflict in Syria has caused Syrians to move to other countries asrefugees – circumstances influence the actions of people.
Anetic perspective is one where the examination of conduct and socialframeworks is based on the viewpoint of one who does not take part inthe way of life of those being watched. The etic perspective of therest of the world, especially developed countries, on the Middle Eastdisplacement is that terrorists may take advantage of the hostcountry’s hospitality and enter the target country pretending to berefugees only to perform bad activities. So as to keep their citizenssafe, countries from around the world are increasing efforts toreturn the refugees back home by coming up with policies and effortsthat will end internal wars in the affected nations. The eticperspectives and conclusions are only based on observations and caseexamples. However, not all refugees are terrorists in fact, most ofthem are in need of basic human necessities. But the rest of theworld, especially host countries, cannot see this fact because theyhave not experienced internal conflicts.
Eticpoint of view envelops an outer view on a culture, dialect, whichmeans affiliations and certifiable occasions. Regularly, in socialconduct explorations, the etic point of view is connected with thatof the analyst since it involves the structures and criteria createdoutside the way of life as a system for researching the actualculture. When an analyst adopts an etic strategy for their review,they utilize prior speculations, theories, and viewpoints asfoundations to check whether they apply to a substitute setting orculture. On the other hand, an emic point of view ordinarily speaksto the interior dialect and implications of a characterized culture.The extent of the said culture can be very wide – for instance, aspecialist may concentrate on the way of life of a whole displacedgroup.
Insidesubjective research, there are various techniques which fundamentallysupport both emic and etic perspectives differently (Olive 5).Without considering the approach being utilized, analysts of socialconduct dwell inside the strain between the two extremes. Given thecertain subjectivity that each scientist conveys to a review throughtheir past encounters, thoughts and points of view, an exclusivelyemic viewpoint is difficult to accomplish. On the other hand, if aspecialist takes a simple etic point of view as a way to deal with areview, they risk the likelihood of disregarding the shroudedsubtleties, implications, and ideas inside a culture that must begathered through meetings and observations. When gathering data, thespecialist needs to choose which specific occasions are noteworthy,deserving of consideration, fundamental, and the order of theseevents.
Forthe emic perspective, the researcher will conduct direct interviewswith the displaced persons and those who decide to stay in theconflict ridden country. Emic perspective generally aims to identifythe hidden meanings of a certain culture. In this case scenario, theresearcher needs to know about the culture of the displaced personsand the best source of information in this area would be thedisplaced persons and the rebels in the war torn country. For theetic perspective, the researcher can either personally observe thebehaviors of the displaced persons in the host country or interviewthe citizens of the receiving nation. An etic point of view tries toexplain the behavior of a culture by passively engaging thatparticular community. Because of this reason, a researcher choosescitizens of the host country as the main participants in the eticresearch.
Currently,Bayan’s parents are afraid that she may lose all her Syrian cultureas they continue to stay in Canada. Her current behaviors of iceskating and wanting to be freer of her parent’s control support theparent’s hypothesis (Einhorn and Kantor n.p). Cultural challengeswill persist as time goes by and as their stay in Canada graduallybecomes more permanent. Life in the Toronto is expensive and when thesponsors decide to pull out, the Mohammads may face future financialtrouble. At the moment, Bayan’s father is struggling to learnEnglish it may take time for him to find a job that pays well. Theuncertainty in Abdullah’s future job security puts the family at afinancial risk. Family tensions are another challenge that theMohammads are likely face as they continue to stay in Canada. BothBayan’s father and mother hold divergent views on Canada: Abdullahwants to take his family back home as soon as the war ends while Emanwants her kids to spend the rest of their lives in the host country.These views may be the cause of future tensions between Abdullah andhis wife.
Inconclusion, the cultural ecology concept explains the reasons behindthe mass movement of Syrian refugees into Europe and other developedcountries. The etic perspective explains the opinions of the rest ofthe world with regards to the same issue. Further research on thetopic may be carried out through interviews and observations.Finally, Syrian refugees also face problems in the host nations.
Einhorn,Catrin, and Jodi Cantor. “Wonder and Worry, as a Syrian ChildTransforms.” TheNewYork Times,www.nytimes.com/2016/12/17/world/americas/syrian-refugees-canada.html?smid=pl-share&_r=0.Accessed 3 January 2017.
Fabinyi,Michael, Louisa Evans, and Simon J. Foale. “Social-ecologicalSystems, Social Diversity, and Power: Insights from Anthropology andPolitical Ecology.” (2014).
Olive,James L. "Reflecting on the Tensions between Emic and EticPerspectives in Life History Research: Lessons Learned." ForumQualitative Sozialforschung/Forum: Qualitative Social Research,vol. 15, no. 2, (2014).