Intimatepartner violence is a prevalent aspect in the present society withthe cost of health care for conditions that are directly orindirectly related to IPV approximated to be more than $3billion. Itis a stark statistic for countries all over the world with womenbeing at the focal point of IPV in the society while individuals andthe victims do not have a voice against these actions. It is,therefore, important to assess the main aspects of IPV and how themedical practitioners and society, in general, can help victims. Alot needs to be done to arrest the issue of IPV against women in thesociety as it is losing a lot due to this continued vice while peopleand the victims are silent.
Implicationsof intimate partner violence
IPVcan lead to severe health conditions due to physical violence thatthe victims are taken through in silence. Asthma, bladder and kidneyinfections and other chronic pain syndromes are among some of thephysical consequences of IPV against women. There are alsopsychological effects that include, antisocial behavior, lowself-esteem, suicidal behavior and depression that affect severely tothe point that they do not discharge their duties properly (Black,2011). The social consequences are also negative with the women beingisolated from social networks and a lack of interaction orcommunication with other members (Black, 2011). The society is at aloss since most of these women are disconnected and do notparticipate in the overall society building and change needed.
Commonrisk factors/issues related to why intimate partner violence isprevalent during the pregnancy period.
Theissue of pregnancy is slated as one of the risk factors that increasethe rate of IPV in the society. One of the main aspects is thereluctance of pregnant women to disclose IPV during pregnancy due tofear (Black, 2011). The women do not report these incidences sincethey would necessitate response from the relevant institutions thatwould highly compromise their position. The socioeconomic status,age, marital status and minority status of the pregnant women alsorisk factors that see increased cases of IPV, and it needs to beeffectively controlled to ensure that there are no complications atbirth or for the child.
Signsand symptoms of IPV
Dependingon the form of IPV there are different indicators. Signs of physicalabuse, depression, low self-esteem, gynecological complications aresome of the indicators of IPV in a victim (Black, 2011). The victimsare anti-social and fearful since it has been instilled in themthrough constant victimization and lack of proper care by the men intheir lives. It is a disheartening aspect that is critical in everysociety and should be attended to quickly to get the right results.
Actionsto protect victims of IPV
Themain method that can be used to protect victims of IPV is takingresponsible action when individuals are found culpable for thecrimes. Most of the IPV victims are from repeat offenders, and thewomen do not feel safe to report these individuals to the authoritysince it aggravates the situation further (Black, 2011).
Protocolthat addresses how to decrease the incidence of IPV in a healthcaresetting amongst patients.
Thereneeds to be more strict rules and consequences to ensure that thosefound guilty are held responsible. To address these conditions inhospitals, it is important to make sure that the patients are testedand given the proper medical checkup before informing the authoritieswho should take appropriate action.
Black,M. C. (2011). Intimate partner violence and adverse healthconsequences: implications for clinicians. AmericanJournal of Lifestyle Medicine,1559827611410265.