MARITIME PROVINCES ECONOMIES
The Maritime Provinces is a region in the Eastern Canada thatconsists of three provinces including Nova Scotia, Prince EdwardIsland, and New Brunswick. Its economic underperformance has been achallenge for many years. In my view, theresentment against Central Canada and selfish manipulation of thefederal government was the issue that was most detrimental to theMaritime Provinces economies. For instance, the federal governmentimposed a national policy with a purpose to protect the CentralCanadian manufacturing industries. The Confederation and the policieson the tariff and railways resulted in an adverse impact on themaritime economies. Besides, the rest of the Canada provincesbetrayed them. Consequently, the Maritimes were cut off from theAmerican markets, and they resorted to their rural economy that wasdependent on fishery and forestry, which were seasonal.
Further, themaneuverings and initiatives of the federal government divided theregion’s political leadership and its public. For example,Maritimes had been a shipbuilding center for many years, but thisindustry was affected by government schemes. As a result, theconstruction of railways and the wooden sailing ship ended. Steelsteam ships that were large and fast replaced it. For that reason,the shipbuilding jobs moved to Sorel, Quebec instead to Saint John.Likewise, the federal contracts for the maintenance of fighter planesmoved to Montreal rather than Halifax (Fetherling, 1989). Besides,these industries did not draw their shares of government investmentduring arrangement of war and peace. Further, the Canada Councilrefused to grant them Maritime Dance Company.
In the end,the introductions of railroads and the unifications of Canadianmarket contributed to the weakening of the Maritime economies, aswell as the decline of traditional declines of shipbuildingindustries. Fetherling (1989) argues that Central Canada alsocontributed to Maritime’s poverty due to its own enrichmentpolicies.
Fetherling,G. (1989). BestCanadian Essays in English 1989.Saskatoon: Fifth House.