Intergovernmentalorganizations (IGOs) are important entities that are established bystates, with the objective of enhancing communication andcooperation. The NGOs are autonomous entities that are formed byprivate individuals, but they work closely with IGOs to influence andprovide direction in the development of policies that enhance humanrights (Steffek, 2012). This paper addresses the interdependencebetween IGOs and NGOs and the reason why Europe has more effectivesystems for ensuring that human rights are respected.
Inmost cases, the NGOs that foster human rights work in specificcountries while IGOs cover many nations. The main roles of IGOs areto provide guidelines that should be followed individual states aswell as NGOs in promoting the respect for human rights. For example,the United Nations is one of the IGOs that play a critical role inthe enhancing the human rights. It defines what human rights arethrough its U.N. Chatter. It also defines human dignity and equality.This provides the basis on which the NGOs can advocate for the humanrights in the geographical areas in which they operate (Berg, 2013).The IGOs, on the other hand, depends in the NGOs to accomplish theirobjective of enhancing human dignity, rights, and equality at thestate and the local levels.
Europehas more advanced and effective human right protection systems thanthe rest of the globe since the major movements were initiated in theregion. For example, Cyrus the Great, who was the leader of theGreeks, was the first man to write what has been recognized by theU.N. as the first charter of human rights (United for Human Rights,2016). Cyrus was the first king to free the slaves on the groundsthat all human beings had the right to enjoy racial equality andchose their own religion. The fact that the idea of human rights hasbeen debated and advanced for many years in Europe has given theregion an opportunity to establish more effective systems than therest of the globe.
Inconclusion, the fight for the rights of all human beings,irrespective of the social and demographic features has been going onfor many centuries. However, Europe has more effective systemsensuring that all human beings are treated with dignity. Thesuccessful implementation of the human right declarations, policies,and laws requires collaboration between NGOs and IGOs.
Berg,M. (2013). The role of inter-and nongovernmental organization.Conventions,Treaties, and Other Reponses to Global Issues,2, 1-9.
Steffek,J. (2012). Explaining cooperation between IGOs and NGOs: Pushfactors pull factors, and policy cycle. Reviewof International Studies,39, 993-1013.
Unitedfor Human Rights (2016). A brief history of human rights: The CyrusCylinder (539 B.C.). Unitedfor Human Rights.Retrieved December 21, 2016, fromhttp://www.humanrights.com/what-are-human-rights/brief-history/