Withthe increase in various psychological issues that need broad humanbehavior understanding, it has become necessary that various modelsbe designed to help people with such problems. One notable has beenthe transtheoretical model, which enables a physician tosystematically analyze a patient and provide a map plan towardstreatment through its phases, which are pre-contemplation,contemplation, preparation, action, maintenance, and termination(Link, n.d. Grandner, 2014).This model emphasizes the importance of creating a strongrelationship between the client and physician to have a smoothtreatment process. Moreover, the support of family members andfriends has also been stressed as it helps the client not to have arelapse increasing the chances of behavior change. Therefore, thispaper aims to show how transtheoretical is a perfect model ininitiating behavior change as it not only creates awareness to theclient but also support him/her through the process of treatment andrecovery.
Tobegin with, it is important to understand that most people who haveproblems always seem to be oblivious of their situation and this isthe first characteristic that is witnessed when a client visits aphysician or a therapist and the stage is referred aspre-contemplation(Grandner, 2014 LaMorte, 2016).For instance, a client experiencing inadequate sleep will be indenial that he/she has a problem. Therefore, it is vital that aphysician breaks the barrier by providing information to the clientabout the condition and creating a bond of trust to enable him/herexpress himself/herself further with ease. This interaction allowsthe therapist to get insight into a client’s situation. If theexercise proves successful, the client starts to show signs ofcontemplation. He/she becomes aware of the fact that having aninadequate sleep is a problem(Link, n.d).
Ina contemplation stage, a physician should emotionally and withconcern continue to motivate the client to see the positive side ofsufficient sleep and negative effects of not having it. This shouldcarefully be stressed to avoid the client reverting to his/heroriginal behavior. This stage is important as it prepares the clientto show the determination to take action or make resolutions andthus, making the treatment proceed to preparation phase (LaMorte,2016).In this stage, the physician should encourage the client to usevarious strategies in the treatment plan such as setting thecommencement date, especially one, which coincides with a client’streasured event, choosing what the client will stop doing and what todo when he/she starts to take action, and the environment the clientwill carry his/her treatment(LaMorte, 2016).This is important as it sets or preconditions the client to whathe/she will do and the environment that will be favorable to initiatebehavior change.
Thesignificance of the date is to make the client commit himself/herselfto the treatment. After this has been set and the date for takingaction comes to pass, the client quickly adopts or implements theplans that were set out in the preparation stage. This might meanstopping habits such as late night movies, camping, and Friday nightsor partying. Moreover, at this stage, it is significant that familymembers, friends, and physicians emotionally support the client abovebeing able to meet people who are experiencing similar issues andshare their experiences (LaMorte,2016).This enables the client to feel loved and cared for while the supportgroups make him/her understand that he/she is not alone. Afterwards,the client has the responsibility of making sure that he/she does notrelapse. Therefore, this stage should be characterized by actions,which preserve newly adopted behaviors (Link, n.d).As a result, it is referred as maintenance stage. In this stage, theclient should always sustain the habit of sleeping early, and if thetreatment had a time frame, its end is referred as termination.
Therefore,the transtheoretical model is designed to help a physician takevarious steps to encourage a client to adopt or change behaviorthrough a motivation process, which is characterized by trustbuilding from its onset stage to the last one. For a personstruggling with the problem of inadequate sleep, there is a need tomake him/her understand that there is a problem and start adoptingbehaviors that are considered helpful to make a change.
Grandner, M. A.(2014). Addressing sleep disturbances: An opportunity to preventcardiometabolic disease? InternationalReview of Psychiatry,26(2).Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4143456/
LaMorte, W. W.(2016). The Transtheoretical Model (Stages of Change). Retrieved fromhttp://sphweb.bumc.bu.edu/otlt/MPH-Modules/SB/BehavioralChangeTheories/BehavioralChangeTheories6.html
Link, A.(n.d.). How to Use the Transtheoretical Model to Help Clients MakeHealthy Behavioral Changes. Retrieved fromhttps://www.acefitness.org/blog/3171/how-to-use-the-transtheoretical-model-to-help