HYPERTHYROIDISM AND HYPOTHYROIDISM 4
Manytimes, human body organs malfunction. Such failures can be attributedto either excessive or deficient operation of the organs. Currently,millions of people in the US suffer from thyroid breakdowns (Blum,2015). While thyroid failure may lead to either hyperthyroidism orhypothyroidism, these conditions can be monitored and treated.
Hyperthyroidismentails excessive production of T4 and/or T3 by the thyroid gland. Itis caused by Graves’ disease excess iodine thyroiditis ovary,testes, pituitary gland, and thyroid gland tumors and excessiveintake of tetraiodothyronine in medication or dietary supplements(Lights & Solan, n.d). The signs and symptoms include rapid heartrate, increased blood pressure, hand tremors, frequent bowelmovement, weight loss, irregular menstrual cycles, goiter, hair loss,nausea, and shortness of breath. This condition can be treatedthrough medication (methimazole), radioactive iodine, and surgery.
Meanwhile,hypothyroidism entails deficient production of the thyroid hormone.It is caused mainly by the surgical removal of the thyroid glanD,autoimmune diseases, autoimmune thyroiditis, radiation treatment,medication, congenitally, pituitary disease, iodine imbalance, andinfiltration (Lights & Solan, 2012). The signs and symptomsinclude elevated sensitivity to cold fatigue depression heaviermenstruation brittle hair and nails puffy face, hands, and feetand myxedema coma. This condition can be treated by replacingthyroxin with levothyroxine. Meanwhile, the patient should avoid soyand fiber rich diets.
Ultrasonographyis used for the evaluation of the thyroid gland in diagnosis andfollow-up in hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. This technologyaccurately depicts the neck anatomy in the thyroid region. Since somethyroid lesions can be non-palpable, the device can detect such(Blum, 2015). This enables physicians to assess the size, complexity,and recurrence of goiter, lymph nodes, or nodules in patients underevaluation or therapy. Eventually, it facilitates medicationdelivery.
Inconclusion, hyperthyroidismand hypothyroidism resulting from thyroid failure are manageableconditions. They are caused by excess or deficient T4 and/or T3,alongside other medical issues. They can be congenital, leading toprofound negative body symptoms. Even so, they are treatable and theultrasonography plays a crucial role in monitoring the diseases.
Blum,M. (2015). Ultrasonographyof the Thyroid.Retrieved from
Lights,V., & Solan, M. (2012). Hypothyroidism:Causes, Symptoms, & Treatment.Retrieved
Lights,V., & Solan, M. (n.d). Hyperthyroidism.Retrieved from