HumanPapillomavirus Campaign and Policy
HumanPapillomavirus Campaign and Policy
Thehuman papillomavirus (HPV) is one the commonest sexually transmitteddisease in the U.S. after the development of a vaccine, exposure tothe virus was supposed to reduce. However, lack of awareness,education and the administration has compounded most of the victims.The community is not adequately aware of the vaccine, hence thecontinued spread of the virus. As such, this paper attempts topropose a regulation that mandates administration of the HPVpreventive vaccine. Apart from that, the policy will encompass thevital ethical and legal dilemmas for the advocacy campaign to beeffective.
Populationand Health Issue
Humanpapillomavirus is a virus that is transmitted sexually. Presently,close to 20 million people in the U.S. are infected by it. The viruscan lead to vaginal, vulvar, and cervical cancers among the women, ormouth, throat, and anal cancers in men. Growths in the mouth,genital, and throat can emanate from the virus. About 12, 000 womenare diagnosed with cervical cancer on a yearly basis with one-thirdpresumed to die. Therefore, this issue is quite significant thatrequires concern [ CITATION Cen15 l 1033 ].
HumanPapillomavirus Advocacy Programs
Complianceto the vaccinations mainly revolves around access and lack ofeducation. Advocacy campaigns backing the comprehension of thevaccines are constantly trying to educate people about the same. Viaa personalized, patient-centered care, the programs are efficientlyraising awareness about the vitality of the vaccinations [ CITATION Lad14 l 1033 ].
TheGardasil Access Program
TheGardasil Access Program (GAP) offered free school-based vaccinationsto three low-income counties. The program educated the students andoffered some packets with the information for them to educate theirparents. The group also conducted the free vaccinations during theschooling hours to encourage more people. The campaign proved to be asuccess as more people came for the free vaccinations in the school.
Thecampaign proved to be a success, especially because it targetedschool-aged females and males. It suited the kids as it did notinterfere with their routine programs. The parents were notdistracted hence most of them appreciated the drive. As mandated,the nurse ensured that all vaccinated individuals finished the dosagerequired.
TheHuman Papillomavirus Policy Plan
TheHPV prevention campaigns are vital to the people since they offerscreening, vaccination, and education services. Even with thesignificance of the program, the turnouts are considerably low. Thestate of Virginia has been vocal in this campaign, even mandating theclinics to administer the vaccines to victims entering 6th grade.However, the rates of refusal are still significantly high. As such,a regulation to make it mandatory for students entering the 6th gradewould increase the level of compliance and lessen transmission of HPVand genital warts that lead to cancer.
Developmentof a Virginia Regulation
Policiesthat heighten awareness about the HPV vaccine are present inVirginia. The regulations also make it mandatory for sixth gradersand parents to have the required information that recommendsvaccination. Therefore, it only needs some alterations for it to beeffective. Providing the necessary information to the parents andsixth graders is noble undertaking. Nevertheless, the optimum goal ofthe policy would be to mandate the vaccination so that compliancelevels can increase. It is the best way of averting the progressionof this virus.
Supportfrom Existing Regulations
Inthe current state laws, various immunization programs areincorporated into the school systems. The list continues to evolve asnew vaccines are introduced. The dynamic system can be supportive ofthis policy to prevent HPV from progressing. Apart from that, theAffordable Care Act, can back this regulation since it championshealth and wellness. In the new program, preventive immunizationsthat include HPV vaccine, are covered for free [ CITATION Cen15 l 1033 ].
LobbyingFor Policy Support
Thepolicy will only succeed if it receives effective backing fromprofessional and grassroots lobbyists.
Thisgroup will play as firsthand networkers for the policy to beapproved. They have personal relations with the legislators a groupwhich is essential for the regulation to succeed. The American NursesAssociation (ANA) backs the professional lobbyists since it has morethan three million members. The nurse has a clear picture of how thevirus affects people and can provide sufficient support [ CITATION Nat142 l 1033 ].
SinceHPV affects both men and women across the age groups, grassrootslobbyists are vital. When a significant group comes with a uniformagenda, the legislators can be influenced into pushing for thepolicy. Victims of HPV can offer a personal experience to assist ininfluencing the people to accept the policy. Those willing to supportthe policy can be drawn from gynecological offices, social media, andhealth departments among other avenues.
Publicopinion on this issue poses a significant obstacle. This is becausethe policy divides opinion which tends to sway the legislators. Thelack of concession will continue to pose obstacles. The regulationlacks substantial support from the public, hence it a key challengein the implementation of this policy. Therefore, both the public andthe legislation need to be educated to overcome this hurdle. Apartfrom that, information provided should elucidate on the vitality ofthe HPV vaccine as well as its side effects. This would help to swaythe public opinion [ CITATION Lad14 l 1033 ].
Roughestimates suggest that a single dose of the preventive vaccine goesfor $100. Since three doses are required, the costs may influence thelegislators to disapprove the policy. However, this can be avertedvia the Merck Vaccines i.e. a corporation that supports reducedprices of vaccinations. In addition to that, the prospected long-termsavings can be a motivation to support the policy. In other words,preventing future ailments i.e. various cancers through thevaccinations is much cheaper.
Therisk of HPV exposure is high among sexually active persons. It canprogress to worse states like cancer, thus needs to be controlled.Making administration of the HPV preventive vaccine mandatory willaid to curb the transmission of the same. Even though the regulationis bound to face numerous ethical and legislative challenges, it canattain success with enough support from health practitioners.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2015). Sexually Transmitted Disease Surveillance 2014. Atlanta: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
Ladner, J. B. (2014). Performance of 21 HPV vaccination programs implemented in low and middle-income countries, 2009-2013.
National Conference of State Legislatures. (2014). Lobbyist registration requirements. Retrieved from http://www.ncsl.org/research/ethics/50-state-chart-lobbyist-registration-requirements.aspx