HumanCondition and Civilization
Profoundly, human condition can be described as any thematic reviewon human nature, the society and how people lead their lives. Thisconstitutes all fundamental issues on human existence. Prior tocivilization, human condition derived its definition from nature.Evolutionary professionals describe this as environmental ofevolutionary adaptedness. The earth’s composition including itswide variety of flora and fauna entailed the predominant aspects ofhuman condition. Basically, minimal human beings actions could affectthe human condition further than the immediate effects of theiractions to the environment. These actions included hunting andgathering for food and survival. Nothing much changed due to humanbeings existence or passage through an environment referred to ashome. Human beings had to adapt to their environment in order tosurvive (Harman, 2002). However, with present and ongoingdevelopments, civilization has changed the fundamentals of how humanbeing exist and coexist even with the environment itself. This paperdelves into the impact of civilization on human condition. Humancondition based on experiences has to be impacted by civilization, ascivilizations is a gradual change in our lives that dictates the waywe live.
Since the initiation of civilization, human condition ceased to bedetermined by nature and took on civilization as its guide. As acivilization succeeds another human experienced by the aspects thatchange from one succeeding civilization to another. Thistransformations from human experience being determined by nature tobeing controlled by civilization makes the passage from lives ofhunting and gathering to settled agrarian societies a radicaldiscontinuity in aspects of human existence and experience. Thetransformation is always gradual. Case in point, in the early days ofcivilization, a society would emerge from nothing and graduallyspread regionally assimilating other societies previously excludedfrom their ways of civilization and later on die out without makingcontact with a later civilization. Human civilization and its growthhas meant and brought about a steady growth in population densityaround the world. These civilizations bind human communities togetherthrough communication and networks of trade.
Civilization has been a continuous process across the earth’ssurface. People retain their nature reserves and green spaces but thecommunities they live in are contiguous with all the othercommunities. There are varying communities in every direction thatone may take. Civilizations differ whereby there was the agriculturalcivilization some few decades ago and at present, we have theindustrial-technological civilization era. These civilizationsdetermine who we as human are and how we live (Harman, 2002). Thismeans that human condition during the agricultural civilization isquite different to the human condition at present times. Theemergence of the industrial technological civilization interpolated adistinct discontinuity in human condition present during theagricultural civilization. The aspects in this discontinuityillustrates the fact that a change in human condition due tocivilization is always rigorous.
Civilization leads to the emergence of varying organized humanactivities that correspond to the changes that take place. Theseleads to the emergence of corresponding institutions. Initially inthe era of flora and fauna controlled human experience, theseinstitutions are usually unsystematic in regards to human experienceitself. However, with civilizations there tends to be a need forformulation of explicit regulations and codes of law. In the case ofthe agrarian civilization, this institutional regulations and lawswere still not explicitly systematic. However, with the inception ofindustrial civilizations humans were forced to adopt more coherentand explicit systems. The process of rigorization and systemizationcan be clearly seen in various realms of thought. Take for instance,the revolution of mathematical systems during the same timeindustrialization was beginning to transform human experiences. Thenineteenth century saw a great transformation in mathematical systemsand their sophistication.
Civilizations have gradually evolved over our history with theearliest civilization progress been over 5000 years ago. Inprehistory, we had the Paleolithic Age between 10000 and 3 millionyears ago (Harman, 2002). During this era, human beings were mostlyhunters and gatherer. These aspects shaped their own beliefs andsocial development. Paleolithic people developed spoken language,control of fire, burial practices, mythic religious beliefs and bone,stone and wood tools. Then came the Neolithic age that began 10000years ago. These people developed important achievements in farming,creation of villages, domestication of animals and woven clothing.Domestication of animals and agriculture revolutionized life as weknow it. The rise of civilization is depicted to have initialized5000 years ago in Mesopotamia and Egypt. It was characterized by thecreation of cities, organized religion, monumental architecture andinvention of writing illustrated by the existence of written laws andrecord keeping. However, civilization was marked by a dark sidewhereby it brought about aggressiveness in people, destructiveconflicts and warfare, slavery and unprecedented epidemic diseases.Civilization as we know it started defining and delegating the humancondition (Harman, 2002). People became more responsible and mindfulof their actions. However, there was a sense of division among peopleas with the display of leadership, and what we would refer to aspresent day capitalism. Various advances were made in the social,economic and political development of the people.
Based on these aspects, I would define civilization as a dominant andcooperative tool. Civilization acts as proof that we are allcooperative beings. However, there is the prospect of survival forthe fittest that must be incorporated in this context. The issue ofcooperation means that whatever people do together tends to be betteroff. Even in prehistory, those who cooperated in hunting andgathering were better off than the others were. Therefore,civilization demands a level of cooperation between living things. Tohumans, these level of cooperation leads to an intellectual aspectthat provides a basis for formulation of spoken and written rules andregulations highlighting the consequences of breaking them. Languageis the basic tool of this interaction and cooperation. Cultureprovides an additional attribute to this interaction. Due tocivilization, one might denote that human experience became moreabout groups and then grew into cultures. This denotes that humancondition changes as we try to adopt to new conform of civilization(Harman, 2002). The fact that civilization increased the cooperationbetween people means that our human experiences were transformed dueto this cooperation. Cooperation brought about the existence ofgovernments. These governments dictate the way we live and interactthrough set laws and regulations. Therefore, the government is partof the general human experience that became a necessity. Humancondition as defined above consists of the way we live our lives andour experiences. Therefore, civilization is just but another theme inour experiences that transforms the way we live.
From this, we can derive the fact that civilization is dictating ourhuman condition. This is from the description that human conditionrefers to the generality of all the situations we face while tryingto get along with those around us. The fact is that civilization isan agent or tool for cooperation and interaction (Harman, 2002).Therefore, civilization has a lot of impact in regards to humancondition. This is clear through history in the aspect that thethings that affect our existence are of our own creation. Case inpoint, even the hunters and gathers of the Stone Age era wereaffected by their actions to the environment. Civilization plays acrucial part in our lives. Presently, the trend has beentechnological and industrial in many aspects. These technologicaladvances are leading to enhanced cooperation between people, culturesand even governments. Civilization affects our economic, social andpolitical aspects making it a part of whom we are and what we willbe. The resulting cooperation leads to integration between people andthe assimilation of cultures leading to the creation of one strongculture with new rules and regulations. Human condition can also belooked upon in an ethical construct. The definition between right andwrong or good and bad dictates human nature and how humans co-exist.These generality has evolved with civilization. When we havedifferent cultures and groups there is always a great differencebetween people’s judgment of right and wrong. However, this areaspects that civilization tends to disregard calling for theconnection between peoples belief. Civilization tends to constructone understanding by bringing people of all kinds together into onebig society. This society has to conform towards one belief andagenda in order to cooperate and exist.
Harman, C.(2002). A People’s History of the World. London: BookmarksPublication Limited