Hofstede’sSix Dimensions of culture seek to compare countries in key culturalfacets. As such, this paper will compare Germany and China accordingto the six elements and how they impact on work relations. The 6-DModel in China gives the driving factors in their culture relative tothe global cultures.
Thefirst element is the power distance. This element expounds on thefact that different people in a society are unequal. Therefore, thedimension articulates the approach of culture towards theinequalities. It can be described as the degree by which the lessinfluential members of organizations and institutions in a countryanticipate and assent that power distribution is not equal. PowerDistance in China is among the highest at 80. In other words, thesociety accepts inequalities amongst people. The subordinate-superiorrelation has a habit of being differentiated. Also, there are nodefenses against exploitation by the superiors. People are swayed byofficial authority and consents. Apart from that, they are generallyoptimistic on individual’s capability to lead. Their culture tendsto implore people to stick within their ranks. In other words, theyshould not have ambitions for things that are beyond their ranks [ CITATION Gee l 1033 ].
Onthe contrary, power distance in Germany is quite low at 35. Thecountry is highly decentralized with strong support from themiddle-class citizens. The country also boasts of an extensiveco-determination rights that have to be considered by the management.The communication and meeting style is direct and participative. Thesociety also dislikes control, with leadership constantly challengedto display expertise [ CITATION Gee l 1033 ].
Thesecond element entails individualism. It addresses the extent ofinterdependence that a society preserves among its members. Thisaspect defines an individual’s self-image as “I” or “We.”Societies that uphold individualism look after themselves as well astheir direct families. On the other hand, collectivist belongs togroups that look out for them in return for loyalty. China’ssociety is more of collectivist than individualist. With a score of20, people consider groups rather than themselves. This affectshiring as well as promotions since closer in-groups like families getpreferential treatment. The employees tend to be committed to theinstitution rather than people in it. Relations between colleagues inin-groups are more cooperative while they are hostile or cold forout-groups [ CITATION Gee l 1033 ].
Onthe contrary, the German society is more individualistic. With ascore of 67, people tend to focus on small parent-children relationsthan uncles and aunts. Self-actualization is also an ideal belief inthis society. Loyalty is determined by personal preferences and isguided by the contract between the worker and his/her employer [ CITATION Gee l 1033 ].
Theother dimension involves masculinity. A high score (masculine) inthis element implies that the society is influenced by success,achievement, and competition. A low grade (feminine) indicates thatthe predominant facets in the society include caring and the qualityof life. The main aspect in this dimension is concerned with themotivational factors i.e. the desire to be the best or fancying whatyou do. China is highly masculine with a score of 66. The society isdriven by success. For instance, people in China can sacrificeleisure and family to work. Migrate farmers can leave their familiesto work in far places to get better pay. Another perspective can beillustrated by the exam scores. The Chinese students are moreconcerned with the grades and rankings since it is the main criteriautilized to measure success [ CITATION Gee l 1033 ].
Similarly,Germany is a masculine society with a grade of 66. As such,performance is highly regarded and children are distinguished intovarious kinds of schools at tender ages of ten. The managers must beassertive and decisive. Technical devices, cars, and watches are usedto show status [ CITATION Gee l 1033 ].
Uncertaintyavoidance determines the degree by which members of the society feelsusceptible to the vague circumstances and develop institutions andbeliefs that strive to prevent them. China has a low score of 30 inthis element. Observance of rules and laws is flexible to suit thedefinite situation and realism. The society is also comfy withvagueness. For example, their language has a lot of vague meaningsthat are hard to comprehend. The people are also entrepreneurial andadaptable [ CITATION Gee l 1033 ].
Germanyhas a high score of 65 in this dimension. They prefer deductiveapproaches over inductive ones, whether in thoughts, presentation, orplanning. They follow a systematic approach that is evidenced by thelaw system. The society is concerned with details. The Germans chooseto recompense the high uncertainty with a strong reliance onexpertise [ CITATION Gee l 1033 ].
Thelong-term dimension defines how each society maintains links of thepast while dealing with the present as well as future challenges.China has a score of 87 in this dimension implying that their cultureis quite pragmatic. As such, individuals believe that truth isdependent on the situation, context, and time. Their society canadapt to varying conditions and has a tendency of saving andinvesting, thriftiness and perseverance in getting results. Likewise,Germany is a pragmatic country with a score of 83 [ CITATION Gee l 1033 ].
Theindulgence dimension describes the degree of individuals to attemptto control their impulses and desires, depending on how they areraised. Weak control is known as indulgence while a strong one isconsidered as restraint. China has a low grade of 24, meaning that itis a restrained society. They have a propensity to pessimism andcynicism. In addition to that, they do not emphasize leisure andfulfillment of their desires. Individuals with this element thinkthat actions are constrained by social norms. Similarly, Germany hasa low score in this dimension i.e. 40 [ CITATION Gee l 1033 ].
Inconclusion, the two countries differ vastly, especially in theaspects of power distance, individualism, and uncertainty avoidance.However, masculinity, long-term orientation, and indulgence areslightly equal. These facets influence the societies in variouscapacities.
Hofstede, G. (n.d.). Cultural Dimensions. Retrieved from https://geert-hofstede.com/china.html