Thehealth care sector is scrutinized by the professional associationsand accrediting organizations. This paper will provide an overview ofhow the health care industry operates.
Dothe three branches of government work in isolation? How so, or howthey not? Theexecutive, legislature and judiciary do not work in isolation. Thelegislature makes laws that are implemented and reinforced by theexecutive and judiciary respectively. As such, the three arms of thegovernment operate under a system of checks and balances where eachone of them has both regulative and complimentary roles over theothers(McWay, 2013).
Whatbranch of government possesses the greatest day-to-day influence inhealth care? Theexecutive has the greatest influence over the daily operations of themedical sector.
Whatare the most prominent nongovernmental entities in health care? Howdo they influence health care? Professionalassociations and accrediting organizations are the most prominentnongovernmental entities that influence health care. Accreditingagencies set the minimum standards as well as the rules that must befollowed by hospitals, clinical laboratories, and nursing homes. Onthe other hand, professional bodies regulate the conduct ofindividuals offering health care services(McWay, 2013).
Howdo the issues of health record content, completeness, and recordretention policies interplay with laws, regulations, and standards?At both the state and federal levels, there are laws and regulationsthat govern the length of time that a hospital can retain healthinformation regarding it’s patients. Similarly, some laws andregulations specify the essentials of a health record content such asthe client`s name, background, and previous treatment. On the otherhand, the element of completeness emphasizes the need for a physicianto gather enough information to help him/her provide quality care tothe patients(McWay, 2013).
Whatare the many legal uses served by the health record? First,medical records can be presented in a court of law as evidence, forinstance, where an accused person has mental problems. Additionally,they can be produced in a court of law when the defendant’s levelof intoxication during the commission of the crime is in question.Besides, they can be presented in civil proceedings. For example,professional organizations rely on health records when deliberatingon whether or not one of their members acted unethically(McWay, 2013).
Arethe entries made in the health record ordinarily subject tocross-examination? Entriesmade in the health record are ordinarily not subject tocross-examination. The information a patient provides to his/herhealth care provider is considered confidential. Therefore, it isprotected by the physician-patient privilege(McWay, 2013).
Howcan one distinguish between legal and ethical issues?An ethical issue involves an action that may result in the violationof the society’s code of conduct. On the other hand, legal issuestouch on the actions that may culminate in the infringement of stateor federal laws (McWay,2013).
Comparethe steps typically taken in the ethical decision-making processshown in Table 4-2 with the additional steps listed in the lastsection of the text.Table 4-2 highlights the nine steps that are used in the ethicaldecision-making process. The first step involves the identificationof the issue. This is followed by the determination of all facts ofthe situation. The third step is the identification of all thestakeholders and their interests as well as the values at stake.Fourthly, the ethical decision-making process calls for thedetermination and evaluation of all the available options. The fifthaction involves an individual deciding on what should be done. Theother step call for the justification of the decision taken followedby the implementation of the chosen course of action. The other stageis the evaluation of the decision made by the parties in question.The ethical decision-making process ends with the adoption ofstrategies aimed at the prevention of the reoccurrence of theproblem. In comparison, the above process is similar to the onesuggested by the additional steps listed in the last section of thetext. For instance, the additional steps call for the evaluation anddocumentation of the decision made for future reference(McWay, 2013).
Whyshould healthcare providers be aware of bioethical issues? Healthcareproviders need to have a thorough understanding of bioethical issuesto be in a better position to protect themselves as well as theirclients. For example, abortion is a controversial bioethical issuethat raises pertinent questions regarding religion, sexuality,medicine, morals, and medicine. On this note, a health care providerneeds to understand whether abortion has been outlawed or not inhis/her state(McWay, 2013).
Namethe three direct ethical roles that supervisors play inorganizations. First,supervisors monitor other workers’ behaviors. Secondly, theyencourage their colleagues to adopt ethical behaviors. Lastly,supervisors lead from the front when it comes to acting ethically(McWay,2013).
Whatare the most frequent ethical challenges in health informationmanagement? First,health information managers face the ethical challenge ofsafeguarding information such as the abortion and genetic data fromgetting into the wrong hands. The other ethical challenge in healthinformation management is the conflict of interest. Besides, someworkers, particularly those that abuse alcohol and other drugs maysell or reveal patient’s confidential information to unauthorizedpersons in exchange for money(McWay, 2013).
Howcan health information managers experience ethical challenges fromthird parties? Someindividuals maliciously request health information managers to grantthem access to mental, adoption and genetic information of certainpersons. For example, third parties such as insurance agencies mayseek to get inappropriate access to their potential clients’ healthrecord and use this information to deny these individuals theirservices (McWay,2013).
Inconclusion, there are numerous laws, regulations and bodies thatoversee the delivery of health care services. For instance, there arelaws governing the conduct of health care practitioners as well asthe collection, retention, and use of health records.
McWay,D. C. (2013). Today`shealth information management: An integrated approach.Cengage Learning.