Ithas been observed that Ghanaian women face numerous issues withnutrition when they reach childbearing age. These issues result inaffecting the health of the unborn child. The majority of this issueis brought about by misinformation on the correct and incorrect typesof food a pregnant woman should eat. Most of these women rely ontheir beliefs and customs while disregarding scientific are factualinformation on the correct foods to be taken during pregnancy(De-Graft Aikins, 2014). While poor pregnant women suffer frommalnutrition, wealthier women in society suffer from over nutrition.This affects the health of the unborn child. By focusing on theeffects of food beliefs and practices in pregnant women, it isimportant to introduce several measures and interventions that willfocus on increasing the health of the baby and the pregnant mother aswell.
Beloware some of the intervention methods that will assist mothers todeliver healthy babies as well as maintaining high health levels.
Enhanceddiet quality during both pregnancy and lactation periods
Oneof the ways to ensure that a pregnant mother delivers a healthy babyand also maintaining her health is by enhancing the quality of theirdiet during her pregnancy and lactation periods (Lamstein et al.).This will ensure that her body has the correct and sufficientnutrients to maintain high health levels of the mother and unbornchild.
Everywoman has their unique lifestyle, but it is important to maintain ahealthy lifestyle during pregnancy. A controlled lifestyle willassist the pregnant woman to maintain proper dietary habits as wellas her weight gain (Aşcı & Rathfisch, 2016). Having a healthylifestyle ensures that the pregnant woman will eat the appropriatefoods during her pregnancy to ensure the unborn child receives thenutrition required for its growth.
Considerthe framework of her family and friends
Theimmediate family and friends also play a huge role in the daily lifeof a pregnant woman. In most cases, family and friends determine whatthe pregnant woman eats and how the food will be cooked. However, thefamily and friends need to be well informed on the correct types offood required by a pregnant woman to ensure she gets the rightnutrients to keep her health and nutrition levels up.
Aşcı, Ö.,& Rathfisch, G. (2016). Effect of lifestyle interventions ofpregnant women on their dietary habits, lifestyle behaviors, andweight gain: a randomized controlled trial. Journalof Health, Population and Nutrition, 35(7).doi:10.1186/s41043-016-0044-2
De-GraftAikins, A. (2014). Food Beliefs and Practices During Pregnancyin Ghana: Implications for Maternal Health Interventions. HealthCare for Women International, 35(7-9),954-972. doi:10.1080/07399332.2014.926902
Lamstein, S.,Stillman, T., Koniz-Booher, P., Aakesson, A.,Collaiezz, B., Williams, T., … Beall, K. (2014).Evidence of Effective SBCC Approaches to Improve Women’s DietaryPractices during Pregnancy and Lactation | SPRING. Retrieved fromhttps://www.spring-nutrition.org/sites/default/files/publications/series/spring_sbcc_lit_review.pdf