Health and Safety 2
Impactsof Architectural Designers on Health and Safety in ConstructionSites.
Constructiondesigners which include architects, engineers, surveyors andcontractors are all mandated to ensure that there is the optimummaintenance of health and safety of each and every individual at anyconstruction site. As designers, their roles and duties substantiallydetermine the style, impact, and level of health and securitymaintained in building site.
Tostart with, it is the designer’s obligation to clearly identify thehazards which their designs brings about during the construction andthe eventual maintenance period. By taking note of these risks, thedesigner is then able to create a unique plan that ensures support ofstandard health and safety measures
Secondly, these safety coordinators have the duty of eliminating anypossible hazards while at the same time reducing the probability ofoccurrence of the risk. For example, a mounted roof equipment is adirect exposure to an accident the contractor can lessen the risk byplacing the equipment on the ground or providing the workers withguard rails to protect them from falling off. The action taken isalso another means of elevating the security levels at the site
CaseStudy (Construction Site Accidents)
Thereare thousands of construction sites in different parts of the worldwhich multiples up to millions of construction workers. The valuesshow the high number of people exposed to eminent danger in theirlives and health conditions. Anyone who gets involved in theconstruction industry would undoubtedly know that construction safetyand accidents are a big part of the industry. Therefore, it meanseveryone involved should try to their level best to prevent theoccurrence of such accidents.
Therewere four reports of accidents occurring during the construction ofthe World Trade Center in New York. In one scenario on the Tower FourConstruction Site, several steel beams weighing up to 20 tons fellfrom 40 feet above the ground crushing a flatbed lorry that stoodunattended to on the ground below.
The early morning incident did occur when a lifting crane was movingmetal beams to the top of one of the towers (Tower 4). The cablesholding the crane snapped suddenly dropping the three 62-foot-longbeams. It is fortunate that only the truck was damaged in theaccident whereas there was no loss of life or any physical injuryinflicted on human beings. Only a single person did receive aphysical checkup and a temporary delay to the train 1.
ConstructionDesign Management (CDM)
TheConstruction Design Management (CDM) regulations are the rules thatgovern the planning of all construction sites despite the type ordesign. The primary purpose of the rules is to make an improvement inthe overall safety, welfare, and health of all the workers in theconstruction.
Theaccident of the falling beams was on account of breaching of one ofthe regulations of the CDM. It clearly defines out the LiftingOperations and Lifting Equipment Regulations, (LOLER) 1998. Thelifting equipment (crane) had not undergone thorough check andmaintenance to ascertain its continuous application and use. By sodoing, the cables snapped due to the excessive weight it wascarrying.
Itis fortunate that not a single person suffered injuries or death fromthe fallen beams. Despite this occurrence, accidents do happen onalmost all construction sites, and recommendations are made to helpprevent further accidents. For instance, it is a proposal that thestate laws should prescribe the components of the lifting geartogether with the lifting appliances. Moreover, all the equipmentshould be tested or examined by a professional before being put intouse for the first time, after getting installed on site and atregular intervals while in use.
Secondly,the competent examiner should make clear records of the testsconducted on the lifting appliances and gear. The reports are thenforwarded to the relevant security authorities and employees at theconstruction site. These measures help in identifying errors that mayoccur and make timely corrections.
Anotherimportant recommendation is to ensure that all the lifting applianceshave a single and safe working load. Also, every lifting gear shouldhave clear labeling of the maximum load it can support. Finally, themachine operators should be highly trained, qualified and competentindividuals. These drivers should be persons who have undergone allthe required certifications by the state laws.