Thestudy conducted by Peters et al. (2014) found that the gonorrheaprevalence is about 10% in young women aged between of 15 and 24years. The study discovered that about 57% of the participants wereasymptomatic. The NeisseriagonorrhoeaeGN infection is highly asymptomatic as well as prevalence in youngwomen. However, it is important to prioritize young women visitinghealth care facilities for clinical and family planning reasons ingonorrhea control efforts (Peters et al., 2014). The survey performedby Adachi et al. (2015) evaluated 1373 specimens of urine to detectNG among young women. The study observed that NGinfectingincreases the prevalence of other sexual transmitted infection (STI)infection such as HIV. The infection of HIV among infants was foundto be high among the mothers with GN infection. The finding from thisstudy suggests that GN infection poses a high risk of HIV among youngwomen (Adachi et al., 2015).
Satterwhiteet al. (2013) estimated the prevalence of GNinfection using examination survey. The findings suggest that thereis a high prevalence of STIs in the US among young women that wasexpected to be about 110 million. Over 50% of the surveyed womenbetween 15 and 24 years were infected with GN.Itis, therefore, important to focus on the prevention of GNamongindividuals with high prevalence. However, regarding the screening ofGN,LeFevre(2014) recommends for the screening of both young and old women whoare at risk of contracting gonorrhea. It was noted that there is noenough evidence to distinguish harms and advantages of screeninggonorrhea in opposite sex, men (LeFevre, 2014). Based on thetreatment of GN,Kirkcaldy et al. (2014) found that gemifloxacin and gentamicin wereexcellent in treating gonorrhea. However, their routine use may belimited by gastrointestinal effects.
Adachi,K., Klausner, J. D., Bristow, C. C., Xu, J., Ank, B., Morgado, M. G.,… & Veloso, V. G. (2015). Chlamydia and gonorrhea inHIV-infected pregnant women and infant HIV transmission. Sexuallytransmitted diseases,42(10),554-565.
Kirkcaldy,R. D., Weinstock, H. S., Moore, P. C., Philip, S. S., Wiesenfeld, H.C., Papp, J. R., … & Hook, E. W. (2014). The efficacy andsafety of gentamicin plus azithromycin and gemifloxacin plusazithromycin as treatment of uncomplicated gonorrhea. ClinicalInfectious Diseases,ciu521.
LeFevre,M. L. (2014). Screening for chlamydia and gonorrhea: US PreventiveServices Task Force recommendation statement. Annalsof internal medicine,161(12),902-910.
Peters,R. P., Dubbink, J. H., van der Eem, L., Verweij, S. P., Bos, M. L.,Ouburg, S., … & Morré, S. A. (2014). Cross-sectional study ofgenital, rectal, and pharyngeal Chlamydia and gonorrhea in women inrural South Africa. Sexuallytransmitted diseases,41(9),564-569.
Satterwhite,C. L., Torrone, E., Meites, E., Dunne, E. F., Mahajan, R., Ocfemia,M. C. B., … & Weinstock, H. (2013). Sexually transmittedinfections among US women and men: prevalence and incidenceestimates, 2008. Sexuallytransmitted diseases,40(3),187-193.