Social or politicalmovements refer to groups that aim to change social or politicalstructures for the benefit of all. Socio-political movements gainedpopularity in the 18th century, during industrialrevolution. The movements were facilitated by factors such asworkers’ exploitation in industries, child labor, slavery, andgender inequality. This paper gives a comprehensive discussion onWomen Rights Movement that emerged in 1848 to the present date. Inaddition, the paper discusses how good governance is essential insolving the currently witnessed global issues.
Women began to fightfor their rights in 1848 as they held numerous grievances againstmale dominance (Mungiu-Pippidi, 2015). The mission of the Women RightMovement (WRM) was to ensure that women were granted similar rightsas men in both politics and societal matters. The initial meeting washeld in New York State at a place known as Seneca Falls. The pioneersWRM were Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Stanton Candy. The initial womengathering comprised 100 individuals of which 75% were women(Mungiu-Pippidi, 2015). Stanton chaired the meeting, where she gave adetailed speech on women suffrage, grievances, and possibleresolutions.
Women who made keycontributions to the WRM group consisted of Elizabeth Stanton Candy,Susan B. Antony, Lucy Stone, Victoria Woodhull and Lucretia Mott. Thenamed individuals were the founders of WRM with the support of otherwomen activists such as Angelina Grimke and the Church. During thefirst convention in 1848, women realized that voting would enablethem to change unfavorable customs and laws. Nevertheless, theinitial meetings WRM were met with severe objections. The meetingswere considered unfruitful and dangerous. Pioneers of WRM were alsosubjected to abuse, aimed to frustrate their determination.
The WRM anchored onwomen equality in both the community and politics. In the 1850s, WRMadvocated for the abolishment of slavery first, afterward the rightfor participation in political issues and equality in communitymatters. During the early years of industrial revolution, women wereemployed in large numbers in woolen mills and cotton industries inAmerican. They were compelled to live under deplorable conditions,with meager payments. In the year 1846, women working in industrieswere paid approximately $2 every week, which could barely sustaintheir livelihood (Mungiu-Pippidi, 2015). Moreover, they were forcedto live six individuals in one room. In the case of any molestationor failure to payment, the court dismissed claims from women. Amajority of courts in America banned women from providing evidenceand addressing the public. High profile jobs such as juries,managers, supervisor, and politicians were preserved for men.Consequent, it made it difficult for the women to voice theirgrievances successfully. The societal structure also did not favorthe welfare of women. In case one was married, the husband wasdeclared the legal owner of all what she had toiled. All thechildren, jewelry, and earnings were legally registered under thename of one`s husband. If the husband died, women could inherit only25% of the wealth left (Mungiu-Pippidi, 2015). The husband’sfamily withheld the rest of the resources such as estates, farms andbusinesses.
WRA constitutedcharacteristics that befit a socio-political movement. The movementhad a specific goal and other sets of issues that affected women inthe society. The group targeted both the federal and stategovernments to have its grievances amended. Funds are imperative inany movement. Funds enable an organization to present its view on thesocial media and rent venues for its gatherings. WRM accepteddonations from other organizations and churches such as Quakerschurch to facilitate its operation. The organization sought massivesupport to advertise its meetings and discuss various suggestionswith the government. In addition, WRA utilized similar strategiesused by other movements such as attending political rallies to gainthe attention of key political leaders. WRA was able to influencepoliticians and renowned activists such as Frederick Douglass andLloyd Garrison. Furthermore, the ideology of the WRA wasinternational. The movement aimed to improve the welfare of womenacross the globe. It fought for the rights of both indigenous womenin America and foreigners.
As described byMargaret Meads, a small and devoted group can alter how the worldoperates. The efforts of WRM are evident in the current world wherenot only women are allowed to vote, but also to participate in keyleadership positions. In the 1980s, WRM received enormous supportfrom Trade Union League, National Consumer League and WomenTemperance Union. However, with a large number of women in themovement, coordination impeded its progress. The movement in 1896conducted numerous public speeches that aimed to change the worldperception regarding women leadership. The first states to give incomprised Wyoming, Idaho (1986), Utah (1896) and Colorado (1893)(Mungiu-Pippidi, 2015). Intensified efforts of the movement compelledother states such as Illinois, Washington, Oregon, Kansas, Californiaand Arizona to grant women the right to vote by 1914. However, theright to vote paved the way for other problems. Women engaged intoendless wrangles with males in an effort to attain high positions inoffices. By the year 1998, women had achieved most of the initialobjectives. First, slavery was abolished toward the end of 18thin industries. The movement led to the elimination of unfavorablework conditions, child labor and remarkable representation inpolitics. WRM was emulated by women in the rest of the continentssuch as Europe and Asia. Today, women are able to run for politicsand tackle issues affecting the community as men. However, the issueof salary equality has been difficult to achieve. Current researchindicates that women earn 75% of what their male counterparts earn ina large organization such as the Walmart. In addition, thou women areable to be elected in politics and to lead large organizations theirnumbers continue to be minimal. The current WRM aims to balance theratio of male to female in leadership positions, as well as salaryincrement. Organizations such as Walmart pay its employees a wage of$ 7.25 per hour and women groups continue to pressure the governmentfor action. Nevertheless, Women Rights Movement wave has spreadacross the world with a notable improvement in women’s lives.
The current globalissues facing the world today such as terrorism, corruption,exploitation of workforce in companies, unsustainable wages, poorhealthcare, climate change and gender inequality can be addressedthrough good governance (O`Neill, 2013). Good governance entailsformulating and implementing sound decisions. Good governance isproactive and intergeneration. It focusses on improving lives of thecurrent generation without compromising future generations. A goodgovernance works under strict policies and procedures. It ensuresindividuals’ assigned key responsibilities are competent forquality results irrespective of their gender. In addition, a goodgovernance operates considering control measures, consultations andit maintains a viable working relationship with the public.
Good governancecomprises several characteristics important for solving currentglobal problems. It is accountable to the community it represents.For instance, it is able to give a detailed report upon establishingspecific industries in a given state. Pesticides fertilizers andplastic manufacturing companies release toxic substances to theenvironment such as sulfur dioxide and heavy metals such as lead.Good governance in able to conduct a cost-benefit analysis to answerquestions posted by the public. Industries create employmentopportunities and provide tax to state government. However, nature’saesthetic value cannot be compared to monetary value. I goodgovernance explains possible consequences of a proposed industry tothe public. Solutions to the negative effects are proposed andweighed. In addition, a good governance ensures specific industriesoperate under the laid regulations and guidelines. A good governmentensures there is no overutilization of resources. As displayed by theprevious experiences when resources are overexploited, the level ofwaste produced also tends to be high.
Good governance isresponsive to terrorism and immigration issues. Currently, there havebeen an increased numbers of immigrants in various countries such asU.S. from war prone zone areas. Countries such as Saudi Arabia andQatar are politically unstable, and citizens flee for their security.Most of the immigrants result in crime activities or terrorism due tolow-level employment among the minority group. A good government isresponsive to global issues by scrutinizing immigrants entering in agiven country. A responsible government provides immigrants withbasic needs and secures them employment based on their skills(O`Neill, 2013). Most of the refugees from war prone zone tend tohave skills in various areas such as computer science, industrialmanufacturing, and teaching. Integrating immigrant with the rest ofcitizens by providing good housing facilities and employment makesthem feel appreciated. Consequently, good governance is able tocombat terrorism activities activity as operates withoutdiscrimination.
Good governanceadheres to the rule of law. Issues such as gender inequality, salaryincrement and corruption are handled effectively when governance isstreamlined. With good governance, laws formulated transcend acrossall genders without favoritism. It provides a conducive environmentfor all individuals to exercise their talents and skills. Forinstance, women have proved to be equally good as men in areasresearch, teaching professions, engineering processes and leadership.Organizations the discriminate women are able to face the law andpenalized. State the high gender ratio resulted due to the lawformulated and follow-up procedures. Good government provides anopportunity to evaluate how organization handle their employeesespecially women and provide room for improvement. Due to highunemployment level, companies utilize the opportunity to exploittheir workforce. Employees are overworked with minimal earnings ofapproximately $8 per hour as opposed to $15 (O`Neill, 2013). A goodgovernment is able to prevent brain drain and retain experienced andcompetence workers. For instance, most of the construction engineersin U.S. tend to move to other areas such as China, Italy, and Francewhere the pay is quite high. With good governance, countries will beable to achieve a rapid development. A good government ensures itsemployees do not violate the laws of the country. The increased levelof drug trafficking and corruption around the world can be attributedto bad governance. Some individuals seek to ascend to power in orderto enrich themselves. The government by observing the rule of lawshould sue individuals who participate in corruption or ones aidingdrug traffickers sued in courts.
Transparency andefficiency are characteristics of good governance. Since a governmentrepresents the public, it should release key information afterdecision-making. Some of the laws made by the government are unjustsuch as a law to eliminated refugees or a particular religious group.Dictatorship governments also aim to undermine the power of the pressin order to cover up their exploitative activities. With atransparent and participatory government, the citizens are allowed toreview passed bills and raised their concerns. In the case of severegrievances, the government is able to make the necessary correctionsto ensure harmony continues to prevail in the society. Since billspassed target the public, a majority vote is important. In addition,the hierarchy of powers should be followed. The government topleaders should ensure junior leaders in various department upholdintegrity. Their activities conducted should be open to the employeesand citizens.
By observing goodgovernance, leaders are able to observe efficient use of resourcesand participate in trade affairs. Most countries are witnessing loweconomic growth and unending economic crises. Unemployment hasincreased, as people tend to congest in the already establishedindustries. An effective government will strive to increase thenumber of employment opportunities by allowing foreign suppliers andinvestors. Foreign multinational investors utilize new technologiesand have a wide network of suppliers. Consequently, they are able toreduce labor demands in a given country.
In summary WRM waseffective in fighting for women equality. The perception that womenshould not vote or hold senior positions has dissolved since 1848.Women are able to work in complex professionals such engineering andcomputer science. Issues facing the globe today such as terrorism andgender payment discrimination can be solved through good governance.Good governance ensures transparency, public participation andadherence to the rule of law in key activities.
Mungiu-Pippidi,A. (2015). Thequest for good governance: how societies develop control ofcorruption.Cambridge University Press.
O`Neill, W.L. (2013). Thewoman movement: feminism in the United States and England.Routledge.