FOOD AND CULTURE ESSAY QUESTIONS 7
Foodand Culture Essay Questions
Foodand Culture Essay Questions
Question1: Organic Food and Health
Thereare multiple benefits associated with the consumption of organicfoods. Research has shown that the carbon-based food materials arericher in nutrients than conventional ones. In fact, organic has beencited as the fasted developing sector in the agricultural industryand most of the national food companies, such as Walmart have startedto deal with this category due to high profits (Wiggin, Rezvani, &Burt, 2016). However, the cost of natural consumable products ishigh. Despite the health benefits, organic food is difficult toacquire for a particular class of people around the world. Therefore,organic food is only left as a choice for the wealthy who can affordit. At the same time, much of this food is found in its naturalstate. As a result, it does not have additives and preservatives asopposed to processed foods. The working environment for the poor isalso in a bad state. There is a lot of pollution, which isdetrimental to their health. The combination of the above factors hasled to poor health for individual segments of society. Since theyaffect the health of the community, it is important that they areaddressed as soon as possible.
Furthermore,increasing the awareness on the benefits of organic food in thesociety will upsurge its consumption. Producers of organic foods canuse improved advertisement so that all the people can learn about theadvantages. The government can also intervene by reducing taxes andintroducing incentives to have more people engage in the productionof the organic foods (Sangkumchaliang & Huang, 2012). In fact,that will increase the supply in the market and lower the prices. The lower class can also form a co-operative society that would helpthem to buy the foods in bulk and enjoy the economies of scale.Additionally, the cost of the food is lower when it is purchased inbulk. Consequently, they can get the food from the source or importwhen necessary to eliminate any middleman and eventually bring downthe cost.
Question2: Overweight and Obesity
TheBody Mass Index (BMI) is the commonest way of determining whether oneis overweight or obese. It entails the comparison between the heightand the weight of the person. In the year 2008, 1.5 billionindividuals were approximated to have a BMI of about 34%. Moreover,500 million of these people were noted as obese with women making 4%higher than men (Seidell& Halberstadt, 2015).Just like overweight and obese, there are varying factors when itcomes to determining the sizes of clothes for plus-size people. Inthe case of men, the waist dimension that is above thirty-eightinches is deemed as extra size. Similarly, shirts that are above 3XLfall in the category of plus size. On the part of ladies, there arevarious attires including tops, pants, and undergarments. Moreover,it is common to have an outfit above the size of 1XL defined asplus-size.
Furthermore,there is a common way in which the media portrays obese people. Inmost of the ways, they will be mentioned when there is somethingnegative. Some of the people’s definitions of obese people are thatthey are heavy feeders who do not like to exercise. They are alsoseen as unromantic. Research has also indicated that they have commontraits. One of them is that their health condition is relatively poorwhen compared to those who have less weight. At the same time, mostof the overweight people are not happy with their lives. They live inisolation due to the ridicule they get while in public.
Ontop of that, there is a general discrimination against overweightpeople at the places of work and at home (Persson, Johansson,Villamor, & Cnattingius, 2014). Most importantly, there is ageneral feeling that the obese people cannot perform like thehealthy-weighted ones. Similarly, they also face discrimination whilebuying clothes. In most of the retailing shops, there is no stock tomeet the needs of this section of the market. Additionally, the staffat the retailers of clothes makes them feel that they are not wantedor that it is wrong to ask for particular sizes of clothes.
Question3: International Fusion Cuisine
Thereis a notable division between those who support fusion cuisine andthe ones against it. The trend has picked pace due to globalizationand increased mobility. Those in support of the idea argue that foodis taken for the benefits it gives to the consumer. Differentcultures have foods that are selected to have different advantages(Zeng, Zhao, & Sun, 2014). Therefore, allowing the fusion letsthe consumers get the benefits that other cultures have. Some of thebenefits include taste and nutrition.
Onthe other hand, the opponents feel that it is one of the ways ofwashing down the cultures and traditions of the communities. Oncethere is the mixing of different ingredients borrowed from two ormore communities, the food loses its traditional significance(Balthaser, 2012). Moreover, each of the meals taken by a communityhad its meaning. At this point, some of the foods were taken onparticular occasions. The introduction of the fusion downplays thissignificance since those who take it lose the meaning of the food. Ontop of that, the cooking is different, which changes the whole taste,and, at times, the nutrition.
Theargument that it brings nutritional benefits is correct but fails toconvince. Each of the communities made their foods after a thoroughselection. They had a variety, which had sufficient nutrients.Moreover, the way of cooking ensured that the food could be enticingand tasty. There is also the aspect of losing the significance of thefood that is not true. Fusion cuisine happens at new places where fewpeople will take the food and not understand the meaning orsignificance. Therefore, it is not possible that it would lose itsmeaning.
Question4: Eating Habits
Culturalmaterialism is the main reason people have different feeding habits.In his book, Marvin Harris explains that religious clarifications areshort and lack substance as to why people feed the way they do. Onthe contrary, the feeding habits are guided by the culture as well asecological factors that the people had at the time.
Furthermore,what people eat at one place is frowned upon in another. Theexplanation for this are the different ecological factors that thepeople experienced then. The habits are then inherited by thefollowing generations. There are various reasons some people consumecertain foods, such as insects while others do not (Verbeke, 2015).In fact, eating insects is one of the earliest consumption habits ofhumankind. Before the learning of the use of tools to hunt and farm,they offered a quick solution to food. The rate of adapting to newmethods made food available. At the same time, people were busyengaging in economic activities and lacked time to look for theinsects.
Onthe other hand, some were slow to change their ways of life. Ineffect, when farming and the use of tools came, eating of insects hadalready become part of their culture. In that way, there is aseparation of communities that feed on insects while others do not(Deroy, Reade, & Spence, 2015). One of the evidence of thisproposal is that those who live in areas that are poor in farming arethe ones that retain the habit. For example, insect-eating is commonin arid and semi-arid areas despite the availability of alternativefoods. Indeed, that is an indication that they initially ate theinsects due to lack of an option and it became part of their culture.
Balthaser,B. (2012). NoLocal: Globalization and the remaking of Americanism.OhioState University Press. Retrieved fromhttp://reviewsinculture.com/wp-content/uploads/legacy/reviews/90-RCT312012BalthaserChandra.pdf
Deroy,O., Reade, B., & Spence, C. (2015). Theinsectivore’s dilemma, and how to take the West out of it. FoodQuality and Preference.Retrievedfromhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0950329315000385
Persson,M., Johansson, S., Villamor, E., & Cnattingius, S. (2014).Maternal overweight and obesity and risks of severebirth-asphyxia-related complications in term infants: apopulation-based cohort study in Sweden. PLoSMed, 11(5),e1001648. Retrieved fromhttp://journals.plos.org/plosmedicine/article?id=10.1371/journal.pmed.1001648
Sangkumchaliang,P., & Huang, W. C. (2012). Consumers’ perceptions and attitudesof organic food products in Northern Thailand. InternationalFood and Agribusiness Management Review, 15(1),87-102. Retrieved fromhttps://www.researchgate.net/profile/Wen_Chi_Huang2/publication/227366474_Consumer`s_Perceptions_and_Attitudes_of_Organic_Food_Products_in_Northern_Thailand/links/5542dbac0cf23ff716837947.pdf
Seidell,J. C., & Halberstadt, J. (2015). The global burden of obesity andthe challenges of prevention. Annalsof Nutrition and Metabolism, 66(Suppl.2), 7-12. Retrieved fromhttp://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/375143
Verbeke,W. (2015). Profiling consumers who are ready to adopt insects as ameat substitute in a Western society. FoodQuality and Preference, 39,147-155.
Wiggin,C. S., Rezvani, L. E., & Burt, O. J. (2016). “Envisioning ajust food system”: A students teaching students course.EnvironmentalStudies Electronic Thesis Collection, Paper 40.Retrievedfromhttp://scholarworks.uvm.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1044&context=envstheses
Zeng,G., Zhao, Y., & Sun, S. (2014). Sustainable development mechanismof food culture’s translocal production based onauthenticity. Sustainability, 6(10),7030-7047.