NaomiHetherington is the author of the article under analysis. She is aprofessor of English and literature and currently teaches at theUniversity of Sheffield and a faculty member at the institution. Theprofessor studied Theology and Religion in her undergraduate and amaster’s degree in Victorian Literature. She is also an earlyresearcher in religious culture, gender, and the late 19th-centuryliterature. Her work comprises of several papers and analysis of manyjournals in addition to three books titled Religion and Sexuality,Rethinking the History of Feminism, and Amy Levy Critical Essays withco-editor Nadia Valman (University).Her critique of Frankenstein indicates the interest she has in the19th-centuryliteral work. This paper will evaluate Naomi Hetherington’scritique on Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein novel.
Inher critique on Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein unlike other critics,she concentrates on allegorical meaning of Mary`s story. The articleindicates how an extension of the powers bestowed on humans couldcause misery. She has divided her critique on the novel intodifferent sections with each recounting a diverse event. According toher, human beings strive to perform things that are done by God forinstance, Frankenstein`s method of creation thrives with Christianideology of the conception. The article recounts that the novelwriter wanted to create a new and subversive story of human originwhere she aimed at refuting the moral and philosophical basis, aswell as the ideologies in traditional Christianity that wasquestioned by science. However, the novel is later revised to bringout Christian etiology that was motivated by Mary’s lifeencounters.
Frankensteinis portrayed as a high achiever that wants to accomplish things thatcan only be done by God “The over-reacher playing at being God inhis lonely laboratory at the top of a staircase (Hetherington)."Shelly portrays Frankenstein as forces of evil that were fightingwith God and Jesus Christ. Humans’ powers are limited since if theywere extended they would cause misery. Naomi recounts that people’spower are limited thus, they should not aspire to attain heightsthat are beyond their reach theoretically(Hetherington).Frankenstein is pushed by self-elevation in his quest and usesbenevolence as his inspiration. As a result, he had to overcomenumerous limitations from humans due to his character.
In principle, the thesis brought out by Naomi`s critic is agreeableto the incidences she relates with in her article. Despite thelimitations that people have, his creative nature leads todestruction for instance, Frankenstein creates a creature that hecannot control despite its nature of killing innocent people. As aresult, he attains possession and power though he lives in isolation.Illustratively, possession and power do not always bring happiness inlife since even after Frankenstein had created the creature in hisimage he lived in segregation. On the contrary, a family that livedin a cottage near Frankenstein’s family lived in poverty but hadrelative joy compared to De Lacey’s family.
Thecreature made by Frankenstein possesses a lot of power beyond that ofhuman beings. The creature possesses vampiristic characteristics andkills innocent people (Hetherington).However, despite having such super natural powers, the creature livesan unhappy life as it is referred to as a criminal and it believesthat human beings have sinned against it. Frankenstein could haveavoided his suffering through living within the boundaries of nature.Despite creating a creature, it blames him for bringing it into theworld that hated it where it eventually travels to his house andkills William and Justine.
Sherry Ginnbegins the article as an autobiography and examines Shelley`spersonal life by discussing Frankenstein regarding recurring themesof procreation and death. The article analyses Mary`s life from apsychosocial perspective. Mary portrayed Frankenstein as anoverreacher to draw her literal type. Naomi believes that Mary didnot portray the theme vividly in ways done by most authors inHollywood do thus, she believes that her work is juvenile. Sheasserts that by the Romantic era, overreachers had become morallyambiguous while post-renaissance writers presented themsympathetically. Mary equated Frankenstein with two rebels, Miltonand the Greek Prometheus. The two critiques’ approach in analyzingthe article are dissimilar as Ginn analyses the novel based onpsychosocial perspective while Naomi bases most of her evaluation onChristian ideologies.
Inconclusion, Naomi brings out the thesis that misery would emerge ifthe extension of powers were made to humans. Frankenstein was anoverreacher who was aspired to resemble God, and he went to theextent of making his creation. Power and possessions do notnecessarily lead to happiness as was evident in Frankenstein`s lifeand that of the creature. Naomi`s critique draws its basis from theChristianity ideology. However, she believes that Shelly`s depictionof the overreacher`s theme is inadequate compared to otherliterature. Ginn bases the critique on psychosocial perspective wherehe analyses the occurrences in the novel from this perspective. Thetwo articles are different from the perspectives they use to reviewthe novel.
Hetherington, Naomi. "Hetherington,"Creator And Created In Frankenstein"". Knarf.english.upenn.edu.N.p., 2013. Web. 26 Dec. 2016.
University, Sheffield. "Naomi Hetherington| The University Of Sheffield -Academia.Edu". Sheffield.academia.edu.N.p., 2016. Web. 26 Dec. 2016.