Optimaland treatment outcomes can be consistently promoted through theimplementation of knowledge acquired from clinical trials involvingnumerous participants. The evidence-based research sets out theexpected national standards in the health sector, in addition toproviding well-outlined standards aimed at measuring and rewardingperformance-based medical practice. Disease prevention is a vitalcomponent in healthcare. Besides the remarkable success that has beenachieved, numerous infectious diseases have been controlled as aresult of immunization. Vaccines have significantly reduced the ratesof mortality and morbidity globally due to their preventive measureagainst some common infectious diseases (Castro-Sánchez et al.,2016). However, evidence-based research is needed to boost health inImmunization and Infectious Diseases, hence the basis of this paper.
Thereare numerous ways through which health can be optimized. One of theways is to enhance accessibility to immunization programs which mightbe hindered by multiple socio-economic factors such as poverty.Vaccine-preventable diseases are also likely to increase due to thelate access to vaccines. Hence, there is a need to embraceevidence-based benchmarks clearly outlining the recommended time forvaccine administration. This will significantly lower the delaysexperienced in immunization programs across all age groups andadditionally, wait times in hospitals is also halved. Other programsthat may be included to enhance accessibility include providingincentives to encourage more vaccinations, rolling out outreachprograms, and finally, heath facilities should also collaborate withprimary care workers. Besides, unique programs should be created tocater for the special needs’ category, such as children andunder-immunized individuals (Lobb and Colditz, 2013). The programpriorities can be established by using surveillance data which wouldfacilitate the monitoring of progress and results.
Secondly,technology should be improved to monitor the immunization programseffectively. Immunization data cannot be adequately analyzed when themanagement information system is insufficient, diverse andincompatible. As such, pertinent information cannot be easily sharedamong the medical personnel, hence hindering surveillance of numerousdiseases. There is a need to develop and implement systems that wouldease the hurdle in immunization programs. This can only be achievedthrough the timely dissemination of data through a standardizedapproach comprising of collection and analytical techniques. TheElectronic Health Record should incorporate data on immunization andadverse reactions (Qari et al., 2014). Furthermore, the personnelshould be well-versed with the technology, and this can only beachieved through training.
Strengtheningpartnerships are the third way for health optimization. This may beachieved through cooperation among the different organizationsinvolved in providing immunization services, either directly orindirectly. As a result, there will be a reduction in theimmunization barriers (Ultsch, et al., 2016). Evidence-based researchnecessitates for the creation of collaborative arrangements throughwhich information on vaccines may be shared among all stakeholders.
Finally,there is need to strengthen research and evaluation programs. This isvital in achieving the complete effectiveness of the vaccinationprograms. The complexity of such programs is increasing on a dailybasis due to the establishment of new vaccines and creation ofcomplementary schedules. Therefore, research initiatives should behighly encouraged among all the stakeholders. Focus should bedirected towards immunization and infectious diseases with theprimary goal of outlining the effectiveness and adverse events of thevaccines (Qari et al., 2014). This will enable immunization programsto be adequately evaluated through the use of scientific evidence.Public health surveys can also be used to monitor the behaviors,attitudes, and knowledge of the population. The results from thefindings should be disseminated and guide the implementation of theimmunization programs.
Inconclusion, there is no doubt that the longevity and quality ofhealth can be significantly affected by infectious diseases. Thus,the most important way is to be vaccinated against preventablediseases which can occur at any time. Ensuring a sustained commitmentto the numerous immunization programs is essential.
Castro-Sánchez,E., Chang, P. W., Vila-Candel, R., Escobedo, A. A., & Holmes, A.H. (2016). Health literacy and infectious diseases: why does itmatter? InternationalJournal of Infectious Diseases, 43,103-110.
Lobb,R., & Colditz, G. A. (2013). Implementation science and itsapplication to population health. Annualreview of public health, 34,235.
Qari,S. H., Abramson, D. M., Kushma, J. A., & Halverson, P. K. (2014).Preparedness and Emergency Response Research Centers: Early Returnson Investment in Evidence-Based Public Health SystemsResearch. PublicHealth Reports, 129(Suppl4), 1.
Ultsch,B., Damm, O., Beutels, P., Bilcke, J., Brüggenjürgen, B.,Gerber-Grote, A., & Knol, M. (2016). Methods for health economicevaluation of vaccines and immunization decision frameworks: aconsensus framework from a European Vaccine EconomicsCommunity. Pharmacoeconomics, 34(3),227-244.