Elementsof Work and Changes
Elementsof Work and Changes
Overthe past 75 years, American society has undergone changes which havesignificantly altered the typical family settings. As compared topre-sixties, American families today have less companionship and aremore disintegrated than any other time in the history of the nation.Family bonds have become weaker and parents are less committed to theupbringing of their children. Here is a look at factors that havecontributed to family changes in American society.
Accordingto the data from Centerfor Demographic Studies,fewer Americans today live in the traditional nuclear family as theydid so at the start of the 20thcentury (Kang etal.,2016). Factors that led to the changes in family households accordingto James R. Wetzel could be associated with widowhood at older ages.Furthermore, more young adults are delaying their marriage. Besides,American women are delaying the childbearing to later years of theirreproductive lives. The fertility rate has also significantly droppedwith delays in marriage resulting in fewer children per woman(Lamanna etal.,2014). The factors mentioned above can be related to more workingwomen than there were at the start of the 20thcentury. Also, women spend more time working than with the children(Kang etal.,2016). It is important to note in this regard that the rate ofdivorce has increased as more women become financially independent.Fewer children today are raised in a nuclear family because ofdivorce than at the start of the 20thcentury.
Inpost-World War II, the economic roles within the families changeddramatically. Men were no longer considered the sole breadwinner forthe household. Women today make as the much financial contribution tothe family as men. In some instances, women are the sole breadwinnerthese reversed roles in family settings have also weakened the familybonds within the American society (Lamanna etal.,2014). Moreover, society has also become heterogeneous, LGBTcommunities and families that exist today never existed in thesixties. Sociologists intimate that, the rise in LGBT will furtherdegrade the already battered family household in America. The nextgeneration will be depleted of the family values. Today in the US,kinships networks involve former spouses, former in-laws, andstep-children than any other time in the history of the nation (Kangetal.,2016).
Thefollowing reasons show that the US families are becoming weaker. First, the marriage rate in the US stands at 6.8/1000 people.Breaking the percentage into age groups, a partly 44.2% of Americansin 25-34 age brackets are married today (Burns & Scott, 2013).The marriage rate has never been this low in the history of thenation, projections show that the figures will deteriorate further asdivorce rate increase. Back in 1960, the percentage of married adultsin America stood at 72% that number has fallen to 51% today and isgetting worse (Kang etal.,2016). Furthermore, in early 50’s, 78% of American households had amarried couple, that figure is currently down to 48% (Burns &Scott, 2013). Lastly, there has been a rise in the single mothers inAmerica, sadly many of them are struggling economically and datashows 42% of them are on food stamps (Burns & Scott, 2013).
Inconclusion, compared to the 1960`s American family values have beenon the decline, factors that have contributed to the decline includedivorce, women economic empowerment and competing family roles. Thereis a clear need to arrest the problem, the possible measures that canbe instituted to save the US families from further decline mayinclude: promote family caring and appreciation. In addition,households could be encouraged to cope with the changes, the familyroles need to be clear to both spouses. Lastly, instillingspirituality in families may build better families.
Burns,A., & Scott, C. (2013). Mother-headedfamilies and why they have increased.Routledge.
Kang,J., Romich, J. L., Hook, J. L., Lee, J. S., & Marcenko, M.(2016). Dual-system families: Cash assistance sequences ofhouseholds involved with child welfare. Journalof Public Child Welfare, 10(4),352-375.
Lamanna,M. A., Riedmann, A., & Stewart, S. D. (2014). Marriages,families, and relationships: Making choices in a diverse society.Cengage Learning.