Effectsof the Income
Whilesociety view on an individual’s success can differ from one personto another, success has a great impact on the revenuefamily members generates and thus affecting their social status inone way or another. Success comesalong with therise of social classes in the society. The most successful people arecharacterizedby attributes such as high intelligence and ambitions. The papertries to expound on the success that islinkedto personal achievementssomething which Malcolm Gladwell significantly disagrees in his work“Outliers,” and Gladwell argues that “success of individual inthe communityisattributedto the favorableenvironmentthey entangle themselves” (Gladwell).
Takingan example of the United States culture,successful people,for instance,Multi-billionaireBill Gates isrespectedin the societydue to his achievements in the technology sector. His success inbusiness has helped him generate a lot of income for himself and hisfamily. On the other hand,the society we live in has constructed the “failure” class. Thistypeof people arelinkedto those individuals struggling withpoverty. They generate low income and can hardly sustain themselvesand their families. A good example of such a family is Esperanza’sfamily in the novel “The House on the Mango,”.Inthis novel due to abject poverty that she finds herself in, she isashamed of even saying her family name in school. Poverty exposes herto trauma and sexual assault in the neighborhood.
MalcolmGladwell differs with the societal constructs of defining success.Through his main themes, “The Matthew effect, 10,000-hourrule” Malcolm takes us through a journey of defining success whichis highly dependent on the conditionssomeonegetshim/herself.These circumstancescan either make you fail or succeed. For instance,children born in the first three months of the year tend to be verysuccessful in sports such as the hockey because they are physicallylarger compared to children born later who are less mature. Gladwellcites having an opportunity to be bornin a certain period of the year as a sign of luck which thenleads to achievements.
Thequestion that arises from Gladwell’s ‘Outlier, 72’ is that whatif you are not lucky enough to be born during such a time. Does itmean your mentalability and talent can’t help you climb the ladder of success andgetrankedas a top income earner? From my personal experience through study ofdifferent lifestyle magazines and journals in the United States Iwould greatly differ with Malcolm onhis views. Manysuccessful individuals havebuilt from scratch what they own today through sheer efforta good example being billionaire Kenny Trout, founder of ExcelCommunications who paid his way to greatness by selling insurance.
Theamount of income the family generates can have a great impact on howthe society regards them and feel about themselves. It is normal thatincome affects lifestyle and how people reason. According to Gladwellthe people of Roseto lived positively,and they created close family ties that substantiallysupported them to avoid effects of heart diseases. According toDoctor Stewart Wolf, the people of Roseto never did exercises and eatunhealthy food,but yet they remained confidenthence keeping themselves away from heart diseases compared to theirneighbors. On the other hand, Sylvia Plath in “The reflective of a17-Year old” and Annie John in the “A Walkto the Jetty” by Kincaid, the two seventeen-year-oldgirls live in fear of the uncertainties of their future.
BothSylvia Plath and Annie John want to live independently,but the kind of lifestyle they want to lead in the future differs dueto different self-interests which are greatly influenced by theirfamily income. Sylvia Plath is afraid to get married.Shewants to go and study abroad since their income is higher than thatof Annie John’s family who is significantlyaffected because she has to say bye to both her mom and dad whom shecares more. “I could not put up seeing my parent cry- this causedme to crying too”.Theself-interest in the two girls differs mainly because of thedifferent lifestyle they are leading due to diverse family class theybelong.
Also,income affects how different people are treated in the societydepending if they are wealthy or struggling in poverty. In “TheParish and the Hill”MaryDoyle Curran experiences a lot of difficulties in coping up with lifein the middle-classfamily. Having relocated to stay with their aunt in a middle class“Hill” from the “Parish” they arecontrolled not to disturbneighbors.“Wechildren were not allowed outside the yard for fear we would bringdisturbance on the members of our neighborhood.”On the other hand, in the “House on the Mango,”Esperanzafaces a lot of challenges coping with the members of the middle-classconsidering she came from alow-income family.Esperanza thinks of moving to a better house togain societal status. She feels that for a person to haveregardsin the family,they must be wealthy.
Fromthe illustrations above, people like Esperanza and Mary foundthemselves growing in an environment where Gladwell’s elements ofsuccess did not existat all. They faced harsh times from wealthy individualsin the middle class who looked down upon them. The circumstancesunder which Both Mary and Esperanza were born did not favor them tobe like the rest of members ofthe middle class and receive respect from the society.
Intrying to compensate for the lack ofwhat the society expected of them, they had to be submissive togainrespect. For instance,Mary had to play with other children who disliked her and those whoshe did not like togivehis father to receive some respect from the neighborhood. Esperanzahad to reasons ways of living in asafehouse to earn some respect from the people around her. Esperanzastarted writing poems which she secretly shared with old women shetrusted.
TheFacebook developer Marc Zuckerberg story fits well withGladwell’s findings. Mark grew in an environment where thecircumstances he grew under influenced him to be a programmer. From atenderage,his parents hired a tutor to teach him how to program using differentprogramming languages. Through this Mark later on in collegedeveloped Facebook (one of the greatest social networking platform inthe world) which has made him earn a lot of respect and social statusin the world because of his invention and high income he generatesmonthly. He isamongthe top billionaires in the world.
MalcolmGladwell’s work “Outlier” can be used to extensively explainhow conditions people get themselves have helped them succeed a goodexample being Bill Gates and Mark Zuckerberg. However, manyindividuals in the world haveovercome the circumstancesthey were born in to be successful people. Also,peoplesuccess relatestothe income they generate. Low-incomeearners are often despised, and many of them spend the rest of theirlives trying to compensate their state and gain respect in thesociety just like the rest.
Whilesociety’s view on an individual’s success can differ from oneperson to another, success has a great impact on the income a memberof a family generates and thus affecting their social status in oneway or another. Takingan example of the United States society, successful people like theMulti-billionaireBill Gates commands respect in the communitydue to their achievements in the technology sector.
MalcolmGladwell differs with the societal constructs of defining successregardinghow talented, famous or bright someone is. Through his main themes,“The Matthew effect, 10,000-hourrule” Malcolm takes us through the journey of defining successaccording to him which is highly dependent on the conditions a persongets himself (Gladwell).
Thebig question that arises from Gladwell’s ‘Outlier’ is what ifyou are not lucky enough to be born during such a time. Does it meanyour mentalability and talent can’t help you climb the ladder of success andberankedas a top income earner? From my personal experience through study ofdifferent lifestyle magazines and journals in the United States Iwould greatly differ with Malcolm on this.
Ina bid to reimburse for the lack ofwhat the society expected of them, they had to be submissive toreceive respect. For instance,Mary had to play with other children who disliked her and those whoshe did not like ina bid to help herfather receive some respect from the neighborhood.
TheFacebook developer Marc Zuckerberg story fits well withGladwell’s findings. Mark grew in an environment where thecircumstances he grew under influenced him to be a programmer. Froma tender age,his parents hired a tutor to teach him how to program using differentprogramming languages.
Gladwell,Malcolm. Outliers: The Story of Success. New York: Little, Brown andCompany, 2008.