Domesticviolence refers to a continuously recurring abusive behavior in arelationship, usually perpetrated by one of the partners onto theother with the aim of exerting dominance. This type of violence canbe verbal, physical, or even sexual. This is a problem that affectspeople of different ages, races, gender, and societal position. It issad that domestic violence is still a prevalent issue within modernday society since the outcomes of intimate partner violence are notlimited to the persons doing it or those who are being abused.Domesticviolence is a societal vice that needs to be eradicated since it hasadverse effects on the victims, children, and on society as a whole.
Datafrom the U.S National Coalition Against shows thatin America, approximately twenty individuals are abused by theirspouses or partner each every minute. Regarding gender, one in everythree women experience domestic violence in their lifetime.Comparatively, one in four men experiences domestic violence in theirlife (“Statistics,” 2015). Thus, domestic violence is a problemthat affects both genders at an unacceptable rate. The problem goesbeyond the partners since 20 percent of the people who die during adomestic violence related incident, are outside parties who tried tointervene in the situation (“Statistics,” 2015).
Asidefrom the victim of violence, children are perhaps the second mostaffected persons. A report by Richards (2011) notes that children whowitness domestic violence are affected psychologically and they canend up suffering from anxiety, depression, aggression, and antisocialtendencies to name a few. These problems can worsen if they are notaddressed in time since ailments such as depression can cause a childto commit suicide. Exposing children to domestic violence is in someway, a form of emotional abuse since it distorts the normalfunctioning of a child’s brain. Children should not be exposed tosuch degrees of violence because they are not mentally mature tohandle it.
Researchby Thornton (2014) shows that the children within her study displayedfeelings such as anger, sadness, anxiety, and confusion. Therespondents’ drawings showed elements of the previously mentionedemotions. For instance, one of the children drew her family butwithout any facial features. This is perhaps the child’s way ofdistancing herself from all the negative emotions. The researchergoes on to examine the effect of domestic violence on families. Thestudy notes that these families showed a loss of communication, therewas little care provided to the children, and the families tended tobe split when it came to decision making (Thornton, 2014).
Accordingto the World Health Organization, the victims of intimate partnerviolence tend to have injuries and poor health (“Understanding andaddressing violence against women intimate partner violence,”2012). The injuries come in the form of bruising, fractures, andlacerations that result from one partner being assaulted by another.Also, the victims’ mental health deteriorates to the point thatthey may commit suicide. Further, domestic violence may end up infatalities when one partner kills the other. The WHO notes that 40-70percent of females who are murdered are killed by their partners orspouses (“Understanding and addressing violence against womenIntimate partner violence,” 2012). Additionally, the effects extendfurther onto the general society. Nealon-Woods (2016) states that inthe US, absenteeism from domestic violence results in a cumulativefigure of 8 million days and costs victims over 5 billion dollars inmedical bills.
Statisticson domestic violence show that the problem is rife within modernsociety and that it affects both men and women, even though women areat a significantly higher risk of experiencing it. The effects ofintimate partner violence influence the wellbeing of children to agreat extent and not in a favorable way because, at a young age,children are perhaps not well equipped to deal with emotional trauma.In most cases, the victims of domestic abuse suffer from injuriesthat may be fatal. Even those who intervene are likely to get harmed.Society need to address the problem of domestic violence to stop theadverse effects that it has on the victims and those around them.
Nealon-Woods,M. (2016). TheRealities of and Its Impact on Our Society.http://www.huffingtonpost.com/michele-nealonwoods/domestic-violence_b_8316888.html.Retrieved 12 December 2016, fromhttp://www.huffingtonpost.com/michele-nealonwoods/domestic-violence_b_8316888.html
Richards,K., & Australian Institute of Criminology. (2011). Children`sexposure to domestic violence in Australia.Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology. Retrieved12 December 2016, fromhttp://www.aic.gov.au/media_library/publications/tandi_pdf/tandi419.pdf
Statistics.(2015). Ncadv.org.Retrieved 12 December 2016, fromhttp://ncadv.org/learn-more/statistics#Downloads
Thornton,V. (2014). Understanding the emotional impact of domestic violence onyoung children. Educational& Child Psychology, 31, (1). Retrieved12 December 2016, fromhttp://chicagopolicyreview.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/Domestic-violence-and-young-children.pdf
Understandingand addressing violence against women Intimate partner violence(2012). Who.int.Retrieved12 December 2016, fromhttp://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/77432/1/WHO_RHR_12.36_eng.pdf