DIAGNOSTIC ERRORS IN HEALTH CARE
Diagnosticerrors in quality and safety of health care delivery.
Diagnosticerrors refer to the system or cognitive errors that affect theprocess of identifying an ailment thus causing a misdiagnosis or adelayed diagnosis. These errors can occur when a practitioner istaking a patient’s history, in the physical and machine supportedexaminations and also in the referral processes. Diagnostic errorsaffect the safety of a patient thus posing a formidable risk to thedelivery of universal quality health care. The 2015 NationalPractitioner Data Bank approximates a 10-14% diagnostic error rate.Thesisstatement:The impact of diagnostic errors on quality health care delivery andthe improvement strategies.
Impactsof diagnostic errors
Diagnosticerrors introduce new health challenges to patients due to theunnecessary prescriptions that emanate from a misdiagnosis. Healthconditions worsen with delayed diagnosis. The errors can causemorbidity especially among infants whose response to the possiblewrong prescription may be fatal. Increased rate of malpractice amongthe health care practitioners and rise of health related indemnitieshave also been a result of diagnostic errors
Qualityimprovement strategy and the aims of improvement
Increasinga health practitioner’s clinical expertise is a proper interventionagainst misdiagnosis. With the increased use of informationtechnology to address modern health challenges, improving aclinician’s expertise is a necessary process improvement .This willaddress the system use and cognitive error that affects the processof disease diagnosis by addressing the inherent human deficiencies.
Thisstrategy addresses the safety improvement aim of improving healthcare delivery. A patient centred approach that is focused on safetyis easily achieved with increased professional development throughexpertise growth.
Inconclusion, collaboration among clinicians, medical engineers ande-healthexpertswill improve the clinical expertise to understand patient’shistory, relate the signs and system with necessary data and conductproficient tests thus minimizing diagnostic errors in health caredelivery
Knickman,J. R., & Kovner, A. R. ( (2015). Healthcare delivery in the united states
NewYork,NY: Springer Publishing.
NationalPractitioner Data Bank Public Use File, Dec. 2015
Phua,D. H., & Tan, N. C. (2013). Cognitiveaspect of diagnostic errors.Annals of the
Academyof Medicine, Singapore