Reviewof the Strategic Framework for Multiple Chronic Conditions andDescription of the Primary Objectives for Directing Chronic ConditionManagement in the United States
Chronicdiseases are conditions that last for more than a year, requirecontinuous medical care, and limit day-to-day activities. It isestimated that one in four Americans suffers from Multiple ChronicConditions (MCC) examples of these conditions include arthritis,diabetes, asthma, heart diseases, and chronic respiratory illnesses(Bayliss et al., 2014). Some theoretical models have been produced inan attempt to combat the focus on individual disease management to abroader approach towards managing MCC. Among them is the Chronic CareModel, which encourages the productive interactions between thepatients and healthcare professionals and provides creativeapproaches towards dealing with MCC (Grembowski et al., 2014). Thepaper describes a framework for MCC and the primary objectives fordirecting chronic condition management in the U.S. in regards toAdvanced Registered Nurse Practitioners.
Oneof the framework`s goals for addressing Multiple Chronic Conditionswas to provide better instruments and information to healthcareprofessionals and social services workers who provide health care forpeople with Multiple Chronic Conditions (Parekh et al., 2011). Healthcare professionals operate in a field with minimal information on howto take care of the population with MCC. The first objective focuseson recognizing the best techniques to promote an organized approachto the evaluation and care of the population, which includesprevention of additional chronic conditions. The other objectivefocuses on the significance of incorporating MCC into clinicalguidelines and the need for evidence-based, patient-centeredguidelines to help health care providers to give quality care. Theguidelines on specific chronic conditions disregard the presence ofconcurrent conditions and how they affect treatment plans.
Insummation, one out of four Americans suffers from Multiple ChronicConditions. Therefore, it is imperative to have the best systems inplace to manage this complex population. One of the modelsincorporated in the framework includes the Chronic Care Model, whichencourages the productive interactions between the patients andhealthcare professionals and provides creative approaches towardsdealing with MCC. One of the framework goals includes providingbetter instruments and information to health professionals and socialservices workers who give health care for people with MultipleChronic Conditions.
Bayliss,E. A., Bonds, D. E., Boyd, C. M., Davis, M. M., Finke, B., Fox, M.H., …& Lind, C. (2014). Understanding the context of health forpersons with multiple chronic conditions: moving from what is thematter to what matters.TheAnnals of Family Medicine,12(3),260-269.
Grembowski,D., Schaefer, J., Johnson, K. E., Fischer, H., Moore, S. L.,Tai-Seale, M., …&LeRoy, L. (2014). A conceptual model of therole of complexity in the care of patients with multiple chronicconditions.Medicalcare,52,S7-S14.
Parekh,A. K., Goodman, R. A., Gordon, C., &Koh, H. K. (2011).Managingmultiple chronic conditions: a strategic framework for improvinghealth outcomes and quality of life.Publichealth reports,460-471.