DentalHygiene Ethics Journal Article Review
1Purpose of the article
Accordingto Forsell, Sjogren, Kullberg, Johansson, Wedel, Herbst &Hoogstraate (2010), the primary objective of the article was todetermine the attitudes and views held by geriatric nursing homestaff members on oral care practices both before and after beingeducated on dental hygiene. Further, the authors state that variousstudies have been conducted on the same topic. Nonetheless, theefforts made towards oral hygiene education have not yielded adequateresults more especially amongst residents in nursing homes (Forsellet al. 2010). Based on the previous studies, the authors argued thatthere is a noticeable gap between knowledge and behavior whichinfluences the perceptions and attitudes of healthcare providers inthis nursing environments. To collect data and achieve the mainpurpose of the study, the authors used a descriptive surveyquestionnaire amongst 105 respondents at a well-organized dementiacare center in Stockholm, Sweden (Forsell et al. 2010).
2Findings of the study
Fromthe article, the response survey of the research was adequate henceenabling the scholars to collect sufficient amount of data forcredible and verifiable results. In this case, the authorsestablished that 92% of the nursing staff who took part in the studyhad enough time to conduct oral care practices. Similarly, 65% ofrespondents admitted that they preferred oral care compared to othernursing practices. Despite the sufficient knowledge held by thehealthcare providers to carry daily oral care practices, theresearchers found out that only 30% of them were satisfied with theresults consequently leading to insufficient dental hygiene amongstthe residents (Forsell et al. 2010).
Equallyimportant, it was proven that 87% of the participants were of theview that oral practices were disagreeable because of the oppositionit received from the residents. Nonetheless, this resistance reducedafter enlightening them on dental hygiene. In addition, oral care wasconsidered unpleasant by the nursing staff because they feared thatthey might inflict damage on the residents’ teeth or some removableprostheses. However, the authors noted that this perception did notchange even after dental hygiene education.
Moreover,87% of the respondents attested that it was crucial for them to applymild physical force to facilitate the execution of oral hygienepractices (Forsell et al. 2010). On top of that, Forsell et al.(2010), claim that the nursing staff members were reluctant toconduct oral care practices on the residents because they wereconcerned about their privacy and integrity. For that reason, theresearchers recommend that there is a need for the healthcareproviders to emphasize the benefits and significance of dentalhygiene on health and general well-being of their patients. On theflip side, the authors of this particular study claim that resultsare not generalizable because the research was conducted in a nursingenvironment where healthcare givers are in direct contact with dentalprofessionals. That might not be the case with residents in othercountries who might be having somatic problems or those in ruralnursing homes.
Theauthors of this article conclude by stating that nursing staffconsiders oral care practices to be unpleasant because of the coldreception it receives from the residents. However, the perceivedunwillingness substantially reduces after dental hygiene education.Also, dental and medical care is essential for the elderly populationand people in nursing home residents especially in developingcountries. Equally, inadequate education in oral hygiene, oralhealth, and diseases in both undergraduate and postgraduate nursingprograms have been cited to be some of the factors affecting theprovision of adequate oral care (Forsell et al. 2010). Therefore, thescholars argue that it is crucial for the nursing home staff to beeducated on oral hygiene on a regular basis to improve the health oftheir residents.
Besides,it is fundamental for dental hygienists to be aware of the obstaclesthat nursing staff might be facing and educate them on variousmechanisms that they can use to maintain high levels of oral hygieneamongst the residents in nursing homes (Forsell et al. 2010).Finally, the scholars indicate that future studies should focus onways of changing such attitudes amongst nursing staff.
4Personal opinion/evaluation of the article
Withregards to the professional code of ethics, it is the role of dentalhygienists to prevent diseases, promote and improve public health. Inmy view, the article is well written, organized and sufficientlydetailed for critical analysis. That is because the authors focusedon finding out the perception and attitude of nursing staff as far asoral care practices are concerned. In this case, the author sought todetermine the responsibility of these healthcare providers inimproving the health of the residents and also fulfilling theirethical obligations.
Therefore,the researchers achieved their intended objectives because theyestablished that nursing staff view oral practices as unpleasanttasks due to the objection experienced by the residents. Further, thearticle has demonstrated how nursing staff should handle suchresentment by treating their clients with mutual respect and buildingpsychological bridges. Through that, they will be able to understandthe consequences of their actions and be liable thus improving thequality of services offered to the elderly and the residents innursing homes.
ForsellM, Sjogren P, Kullberg E, Johansson O, Wedel P, Herbst B, HoogstraateJ. AttitudesAnd Perceptions Towards Oral Hygiene Tasks Among Geriatric NursingHome Staff.1st ed. Stockholm: John Wiley & Sons A/S, 2010. Print.