DaVinci’s Impact on History, Modern Art, and Science
LeonardoDa Vinci is renowned for his contributions to art, science, andhistory. Writings eulogize him for being the creator of portraitslike theLast Supperand the MonaLisa(Pucekovic, 2013, p. 34). Additionally, he has been praised forinventing machinery and weapons. Da Vinci could neither separatescience from art, nor could he distinguish between geography,surveying, and cartography. In essence, da Vinci used the ideas thatdifferent fields advanced, and, in the end, developed a creation thatwas in line with his thinking. For example, before painting da Vincisketched various anatomical drawings in his book, studied theproportions and compositions that were present in the images, andselected the figures that accurately illustrated his emotions. Thisprocess led him to develop images that were harmonious since heassigned particular personality traits to his pictures. An objectiveanalysis of the manner in which Leonardo Da Vinci contributed tohistory, modern art, and history is discernible when one studies daVinci’s work in detail.
DaVinci’s contribution to modern art comes to bear through hisdetailed process of materializing his ideas. Leonardo revolutionizedart by developing a new way of doing things. For example, beforecommencing the painting process, da Vinci came up with the images ofdifferent ideas (Pucekovic, 2013, p. 34). After developing thesepictures, he viewed the various ways in which the illustrations couldbe brought together, and, in the end, he picked the images that couldbe placed together to bring to bear a complete piece. The finalproduct, in most cases, reflected a personality type that was intandem with his thinking. A good example is da Vinci`s collaborationof Alberti and Fr. Luca Pacioli`s work with Euclid`s Elements.Leonardobrought these ideas into fruition by elucidating the DivineProportion.This assertion can be connected to the MonaLisaportrait. The MonaLisahas been advanced as Leonardo’s painting because he worked on thepicture for a considerably long period (Pucekovic, 2013, p. 40). Evenafter he had completed drawing the picture, he refused to hand itover to Francesco del Giocondo, his client. However, before hisdeath, da Vinci sold the portrait to Francois I. After thistransaction, the MonaLisamoved from place to place, until it reached the Louvre Museum inParis. Today, the mysterious smile of the Mona Lisa marvels artistsall over the world. The use of the sfumato and chiaroscuro techniquesreveals new technical innovations, which modern day artists use.
Additionally,Leonardo contributed to contemporary art by developing the use ofmystery in painting. Da Vinci`s portraits continue to puzzle modernday artists and theorists. The MonaLisa,for example, has evoked debates in the world of art through itsexpression. The smile comes alive in the region of the eyes, asopposed to the mouth. This explication brings the idea of a personwho knows more than her observer to the surface. This techniqueenables Leonardo to capture the attention of his followers relativelywell because the viewers of the image feel connected to the picture(Pucekovic, 2013, p. 40). Such a technique is popular among thecontemporary painters because art has, variously, been advanced as amedium of expression. These similarities show the effects ofLeonardo’s paintings on modern art. Moreover, da Vinci’scontribution to science cannot be ignored.
Leonardo’sconceptualization of optics and astronomy made significantcontributions in the field of science. Da Vinci’s conceptualizationof astronomy and optics obscured his understanding of light.Nonetheless, he gained a deeper understanding of the portrayal ofshadows, reflection, and luminescence (Bitler,2011, p. 26). His interpretation of these phenomena is, primarily,mirrored in TheLast Supper.In this work, da Vinci studies light and how it is related toperspective. He unearths the complications of reflections and opticsthis revelation enables his successors to develop an original studyof light. Also, da Vinci studied the manner in which light moves fromone planet to another (Bitler,2011, p. 28). The insights that Leonardo got from these studies ledhim to develop a better understanding of reflection and refraction.He asserted that the area that is most luminous is the region wherelight reaches an object earliest. The modern scientific studies haverevealed the facts that are in tandem with Leonardo’s drawings.These investigations have shown that Leonardo’s assertions are truesince they show dimensionality.
Leonardo’sinterest in understanding how the heart works also contributedsignificant insights into the field of science. Leonardo’s interestin the functioning of bodily organs comes to light in his drawings(Shoja et al., 2013).He attempts to elucidate how the heart works through hisillustrations, conjectures about the blood vessel and heartfunctioning, and his investigation of model systems to examine hissuppositions. Consequently, he develops unparalleled conclusionsregarding the manner in which the cardiovascular system works. DaVinci determined that the heart is a muscle and that the systole isthe active stage of the pump. Additionally, Leonardo was able toreveal the manner in which the pulmonary veins and the auricles, thepulse and the cardiac cycle, and the hemodynamic mechanism of thevalve’s closing and opening work. The artist also showed how aperson`s age influenced the anatomical changes and variations inbodily functions and structures. However, Leonardo`s inability toexplain how the heart functioned dealt a huge blow to his theory. Heunderstood that blood was manufactured in the liver, cooled in thelungs, and was used by the muscles. Nevertheless, da Vinci’sillustration of the heart is in tandem with the modern day image ofthe organ. Leonardo also used his understanding of how the human bodyworks to suggest the possibility of developing robots.
DaVinci extended his studies to developing an account that built aplatform for the development of robots. Da Vinci came up with anexplanation that linked the physical body to the human soul and thehuman mind. Leonardo’s investigation led him to develop a linkbetween the human body and machines (Pasek, 2014, p. 2). Da Vinci’ssketches of the kinesiological and mechanical principles prove thathis thought pattern was influenced by specific codes and artistic andtechnological outputs. His anecdotes and sketches show that he hadreflected about the possibility of automated devices like abell-ringing hydraulic clock and a moving lion. Additionally,Leonardo conceptualized a Robotic Knight, which has gainedsignificant attention in the field of science. Theorists likePedretti believe that the drawing is the first humanoid robot in theWestern Nations’ Civilization (Pasek, 2014, p. 4).
Finally,da Vinci made significant contributions to history through hiswritings and drawings. Ordinarily, subjects such as neuroscience andneuroanatomy are not interesting because students find them dauntingor difficult to comprehend. Da Vinci revolutionized this kind ofthinking through his work. The writings and drawings of theRenaissance period offer a direct and careful analysis of humanbeings (Watson, 2013). Additionally, the artists that existed duringthis time slotted in the neuroanatomical illustrations of thefunctions of the body in their drawings. Da Vinci is among theimportant theorists of the Renaissance period. His work encompasseddetailed structural anatomical studies. Examples of Leonardo`s workon neuroanatomy include cerebral vasculature, the ventricular system,and the visual system. Consequently, educational institutions haveresorted to stimulating student interest in neuroscience by using thework of artists like Leonardo to reveal the differences between thethinker`s understanding of the human body and the contemporaryunderstanding of the same topic. Additionally, the students areusually requested to offer accounts of the factors that facilitated ashift in the modern day thinking, regarding the changes thattriggered a change in da Vinci`s understanding of the human body.Additionally, da Vinci sketched maps that revealed the features ofparticular landscapes.
Leonardochanged the ways in which maps were used and perceived in the ancientages. During the Renaissance period, da Vinci started creatinghigh-quality maps. Maps were relatively rare, which meant thatfinding high-quality maps was nearly impossible (Pucekovic, 2013, p.44). Leonardo created high-quality maps, which were used to wagesuccessful wars against aggressors since conflicts marked the period.Thus, with time, the high-quality plans began illuminating arealistic landscape. This exposure led the naturally gifted artistsand scientists to develop an interest in mountains. The most notableexamples of da Vinci’s works in this area are the 1502 Tuscanymaps. Thus, considering the assertions mentioned beforehand, da Vinciplayed a critical role in shaping the way in which the world workstoday.
Ina recap of the above discussion, the writings and drawings ofLeonardo Da Vinci impacted history, modern art, and sciencesignificantly. Publications praise da Vinci for being the architectof conceptions like theLast Supperand the MonaLisa(Pucekovic, 2013, p. 34). Furthermore, da Vinci has been commendedfor developing the sketches or ideas that led to the improvement ofmachinery and weapons. Da Vinci also utilized the ideas that diversefields of study advanced during the Renaissance period. This approachenabled him to develop the creations that were unique and in linewith his thinking. For instance, before painting, he drafted a fewanatomical thoughts and images in his notebook, went through theproportions and compositions that were present in his imagescautiously, and picked the figures that depicted his feelingsprecisely. This process helped him to come up with a well thought outidea, as discussed above.
Bitler,N. (2011). Leonardo Vinci’s study of light and optics: A synthesisof fields in the Last Supper. Intersect,4 (1), 26-34. Stanford University. Retrieved fromhttp://ojs.stanford.edu/ojs/index.php/intersect/article/view/239/133
Shoja,M., Agutter, S., Loukas, M., Benninger, B., Shokouhi, G., Namdar, H.,Ghabili, K., Khalili, M. & Tubbs, R. (2013, August 20). Leonardoda Vinci studies of the heart. International Journal of Cardiology,167 (4). doi: 10.1016. pp. 1126-1138.
Pasek,A. (2014). Renaissance robotics: Leonardo da Vinci’s last night andenlivened materiality. GraduateJournal of Visual and Material Culture,7, 1-25. Retrieved fromhttp://shiftjournal.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/01_Pasek.pdf
Pucekovic,B. (2013). Leonardo da Vinci and his contributions to cartography.Cartographyand Geoinformation,12 (20), 34-52.
Watson,D. (2013). Da Vinci coding? Using Renaissance artists’ depictionsof the brain to engage student interest in neuroanatomy. TheJournal of Undergraduate Neuroscience Education,Spring. 11 (2), 174-177. Retrieved fromhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3692247/