ContemporaryU.S. History: Policemen of the World
ContemporaryU.S. History: Policemen of the World
TheUnited States has a strong influence on other countries all over theglobe. This is because America has the capital to provide aids,finances and influence policies in other nations. The U.S, militaryfunctions gained recognition after the civil war, and they werereferred to as the world’s policemen. Their gain control over othercountries won them an increase in roles and duties. Theseresponsibilities include maintaining tranquility and order worldwide,and by doing this, they are considered as the policemen of the world.Up to now U.S. has is the ideal example of the policemen of theworld.
Internationalevents involving the US military from the past five years that can betraced back to a foreign policy created after the Civil War.
Afterthe Second World War, America took precautionary steps to prevent anoutbreak of futures world by developing and implementing policiesthat would curb the development of nuclear weapons in the future.However, America have nuclear power despite it banning other nationsfrom more development. Through this, it maintains control andsuperiority over other nations (Wolfe, 2012). Therefore, to maintainit dominant nature, America has implemented several foreign policies.These policies include preventing development of nuclear weapons incountries like Iran, China, and Syria and development of StrategicDefense Initiative. Just as the policies suggest, America has alwaystried to act as the world superpower. Moreover, due to fear of othercountries acquiring capabilities similar to theirs, they decided tocompel nations such as Iran and South Korea to stop development ofmass destruction weapons.
Threeaspects of US history since 1865 that has led to the USA rise as aworld superpower policeman
ForAmerica to become and maintain the superpower position, it has toestablish some regulations that would permit them to execute methodsof control. These methods were aimed at controlling the production ofweapons and military equipment. Several events take place throughoutthe decade that reflects the rise and role of America as a superpower(Nikou, 2014). They include anti-terrorism policies whereby everynon-citizen or immigrants had to undergo extreme inspection andclearance measures. This eventually leads to the revision ofimmigration policies since America was viewed as the land of hope,which attracted many immigrants all around the globe, who sought toraise their livelihood (Nikou, 2014). Therefore, America had toinstitute strict set of laws and regulation to guarantee thatimmigrants had the proper documentation. Notably, by establishingstrict laws of development and production of nuclear weapons, itensured that no other country would match its capability thus,securing its dominant position in the world.
Identifythree to five (3-5) International Incidents since World War II whereAmerica has taken on a Policing Role
1.The civil conflict in Somalia
Inthe period of 1991-1992, Somalia experienced an extreme clash wheredifferent clan fought to be in command of land and resources inSouthern Somalia. The killings, starvation, and increase the numberof immigrants forced the United States to intervene by launchingpeacekeeping operations to establish an environment of assistance forthe Somali people (Pike, 2016).
Duringthe Suez conflicts, Muslims and Christians collided a lot and this asfurther fueled by President Nasser who inspired the Muslims to unite.When the Christian president did not denounce the western powers, theMuslims were very mad, and he was afraid of a coup in the country. Hecalled upon the UN to intervene just in case, troop were deployed andstayed for several months.
3.The Korean War
Inthe 1950s, North Korea invaded South Korea, and since North Korea wasbacked by China, United States of America joined in to support SouthKorea(U.S. Department of State,2016). Along with the UN, they sent their troops and forced the NorthKorean to return to their territories. The two countries share abitter relationship since the war.
Determinethree to five (3-5) driving forces that fueled international policydecisions involving the international incidents you outlinedpreviously
Severalreasons forced America to establish the various policies andagreements. Among them is to end the war and ensure that no outbreakof future wars, to promote economic stability and peacefulco-existence of different countries. Additionally, America wanted tomaintain its position as the world superpower. Some of the treatiesincluded:
First,the Somali government became a dictatorship, and the U.S. intervenedto safeguard the lives of the civilians, decrease conflicts, and curbillegal trades (Pike, 2016).
Second,North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) is a treaty formed tocombine the military prowess of the treaty member in response to anexternal attack on any of the members. Moreover, America being thepoliceman of the world, it leads these organizations in carrying outthe attacks. The treaty was signed between the U.S. and the SovietUnion to bar them from using anti-ballistic missiles on each other.
Thethird treaty is START (The New Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty)between U.S and Russia, which restricts nuclear arsenal capability ofRussia and the U.S while giving way to assessment. This treaty wasfirst proposed in the 1980s and ratified in 1991. It institutes thatthe U.S. and the Soviet Union reduce their nuclear arsenals anddestruction of the excess, which was confirmed by onsite inspection,satellites, and exchange of information. Finally, the U.S. intervenedin Lebanon to quell political and religious tensions.
Severalcountries have attempted to secure the position of the world leadingsuperpower. However, United States of America has secured theposition over the years, and most countries depend on America forfunds and grants. U.S. policies have managed to shape many domesticand outside developments worldwide, which in turn has helped Americaprosper.
Nikou,S. (2014) The United States Institute of Peace: Timelineof Iran`s Foreign Relation.Retrievedfrom http://iranprimer.usip.org/resource/timeline-irans-foreign-relations/
Pike,J. (2016). SomaliaCivil War.Globalsecurity.org.Retrieved, fromhttp://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/war/somalia.htm
U.S.Department of State. (2016). U.S. Relations with North Korea.Retrieved, from http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2792.htm
Wolfe,A. J. (2012). Competing with the Soviets: Science, Technology, andthe State in Cold War America. JHUPress.Retrievedfrom http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=KPz_8P6G_3MC&printsec=frontcover onDecember 13, 2016