Comparisonand Contrast between Traditional/Classical Arts with Modern Art ofthe 20th/21stCentury
Artis an important product used for human expression that involvescreativity. It has been used widely to express and document the lifeof people in a certain period of time including ancient times andcontemporary period. The art records do not only represent thelifestyle of people during a particular period but as well itrepresents the personalities that played a significant role inshaping the history. Art is classified into the traditional and themodern art that represents human history. They both contain differentfeatures that foster recognition of the views and lives of humans intheir different periods of times. Traditional art includes art thatwas produced during ancient times from the Paleolithic periodthroughout to the Middle Ages. This art was created by earlyChristina societies, ancient Civilizations and early humans.Studies have suggested that the Modern Art began in 1860-1970, whichwas a period that two World Wars occurred. It puts more emphasis onthe new ideas and perspectives as well the changing times of theworld and the functions of art (Maleshkova et al 107-123).
Thispaper seeks to discuss the comparison and contrast betweenTraditional/Classical Arts with Modern Art of the 20th/21stCentury.
TheCommon Ground Modern Art
Modernart is not distinct to any society or culture, thus can be created byany individuals from any part of the world. It is represented by thechanging set of ideas among different categories of artists includingwriters, painters, performers, and sculptors. Therefore, the modernart has uniformity and has a worldwide effect that enables modern artto have a common ground. The common ground of modern art can be foundin museums and art galleries. They are responding to the diverseviews and expressions of modern arts that do not follow specificrules of art. They have been determined as important tools foradvancing and reforming traditional arts and promoting modern arts tomeet the current values of the population in the contemporarysociety. They help people from different ethnic or racial backgroundsto embrace the diversity of modern art. Also, the common ground ofmodern art can be found in the central themes of different creativedisciplines such as masculinity, urbanisms, time, anthropomorphismand nature (Ye,Jianing 34).On the other hand, traditional art is supported by different culturesbased on the political climate, religion and origin, therefore itlacks global approach and uniformity (Nasr182).
TheRationalor Psychological Basis in Modern Art
Modernart is commonly created for the purposes of self-expression byartists. Artists produce their work to manifest their experience ofthe newness of the contemporary life innovatively. The artistsexpress themselves with the intention of describing a subject as itexists in the modern world based on their distinct perspective. Thissuggests that although modernart uses abstraction in its work, it is produced on the basis ofrationality. It produces art that is more useful and logical to theinterests and beliefs of people. It consists of various psychologicalmechanisms that reveal the psychological or rational basis of itsartwork. These mechanisms include rational induction, long-termmemory, sensory and emotional incorporation and conceptual blending.The integration of these factors in modern art indicates that modernart is produced on psychological or rational basis. On the otherhand, traditionalart is often produced for a specific reason such as an importantpiece of art that can be used as a historical artifact or forceremonial function. (Maleshkovaet al 107-123).
ComparingTrends and Specific Artists between Traditional Art and Modern Art
BothTraditional art and modern art have pros and cons that make themcompare and contrast in many ways. The pros of traditional artinclude it is defined based on the following factors, drawings,painting, and sculpting. It is referred to as figurative, and itplaces emphasis on realism and figures, and it is also described asfolk art. It is formed on the basis of human figures of thelandscape. The pros of modern art are that it uses abstraction theartists have the freedom to trust their inner revelation and itconsists of various movements. In addition, modern art allows artiststo make anything they want, and the artwork usually bear aresemblance to something in life. The cons of traditional artinclude the art can be changed in some cases, some artworks have notbeen categorized, and some traditional materials are prone to forgeryby the artists. The cons of modern art are that they lack rules, it`shard to find meanings of artwork, it does not use the traditionalrules in its artwork, and they are not based on realism (Nasr182).
Theartistic products of the traditional art show historic lifestyles andevents of the early societies of a human. It is mainly cultural workand focuses on history thus used as a historical archive. Theartistic products are conformed to the values and beliefs of thesociety. The traditional artists learn the artistic work informally,who are taught by a person in their society (Nasr182).On the other hand, modern art focuses on the events and lifestyles ofthe contemporary society. Itresponds to the perspectives of new lives and rationalist practicesof new ideas generated by the advances in technology. Itis less formal and more expressive as compared to traditional artthus it is used to reflect on the perspectives and expressions ofartists. The artists use modern art to enable the viewers to providesomething to the artistic experience. It has influenced the people toevaluate their beliefs and values and enabled them to question theworld since artistic work is not confined to the tradition artanymore (Gaggi23).
Also,unlike modern art that consists of various art movements such asexpressionism, pop art, Cubism, Impressionism and Surrealism amongothers, the traditional art lacks the art movements in its artisticproducts. The different styles of modern art consist of a broad rangeof combined subject matter and different collage elements, surfaces,and textures, which the traditional art lacks. Traditionalart focuses on various issues including religious, realistic andsometimes mythical things. On the other hand, modern art focuses onabstracted matters. The traditional art uses architecture, drawings,painting and sculpture in its work while modern art makes differentcolorful figures or shapes that are used to express various aspectssuch as emotions. Examples of the top five traditional artworks thatare recognized widely include the American Gothic, the Mona Lisa, TheLast Supper, and The Girl with a pearl earring and the Starry Night.Examples of the top five modern artworks include the Guerenica, theScream, the Marilyn Monroe, Campbell’s Soup Cans and thePersistence of Memory (Maleshkovaet al 107-123).
Traditionalart is simple and easy to interpret, unlike the modern art that ismore complex. The traditional art uses artistic styles that producethe art in a realistic way thus makes it easy for an average personto interpret the product. It consists of rules that make it simplefor explanation and find meanings of the artwork. Examples ofartistic works that traditional art focuses on include paintinglandscapes and figures that allow a person to determine the story andthe images of the painting. Modern art consists of complexities thatmake it difficult for an average person to recognize the images andthe story of the painting. Itlacks rules that are important in guiding individuals in explainingand finding meanings of the artwork. Itmostly involves making statements on the traditional art by anartist. Although modern art also focuses on painting landscapes andfigures, they do not conform to the traditional rules of art. Itbases its artistic work on concepts and experiments that are verypersonal. For instance, the artists use lines to portray time andmovement and use color to communicate particular emotions (Brown163-177).
Itis evident that both traditional and modern art played significantroles in their respective periods. They both have distinctcharacteristics that are used for expression and documentation of thelifestyles of people and events. Traditional art is based on realismand consist of rules that enable individuals to find a common ground.Although modern art is based on abstraction and does not have rules,the common ground can be found through museums and art galleries aswell as in centralthemes of different creative disciplines such as masculinity,urbanisms, and time among others. Moreover, traditional art is oftencreated for particular reasons such as for ceremonial functions whilemodern art is produced for the purpose of self-expression by artistson the basis of rationality.
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