Peoplealways desire to get information such as social and economic statusas well as self-conception of an individual that they meet. The essaypaper, therefore, focuses on the ways in which Mead and Goffmanunderstand and approach the notion of self. Besides, it discusses thedifferent ways Mead and Goffman perceive self-construction and theirexplanation concerning self-presentation.
Theways in which Mead and Goffman approach the idea of self
Meadreflects on language processes to analyze the idea of self whichdevelops as a result of social experiences and activities(Mead 137).However, Goffman approaches the concept of self by investigating theinvoluntary expressive behaviors of an individual through verbalsymbols and actions that are symptomatic to the actor(Erving 3).
Thedifferent ways Mead and Goffman understand the notion of self
Meadsuggests that self is not an in- born entity in an organism butrather something which develops as people interact with thesurrounding (Mead138).Conversely, Goffman argues that self is an internal element which aperson expresses through verbal symbols and symptomatic actions(Erving5).
HowMead explain the construction of self
Meadasserts that the concept of self-development is a processes formationand mainly depends on the way one attaches external experiences toconsciousness (Mead139).
HowGoffman explain the presentation of self
Goffmanargues that an individual presents his or herself in a way thatharmonizes a particular situation with the thoughts of people aroundhim as well as the individual consciousness. In my life experience, Iremained calm while my friends were agitated as we watched a footballmatch and that represented me as a composed person irrespective ofthe surrounding (Erving6).
Insummary, both Mead and Goffman agree that self is different from thebody, but it gets influenced by the actions and experiencessurrounding a person.
Erving,Goffman. "The presentation of self in everyday life." GardenCity, NY: Anchor (1959):1-17.
Meade,George H. Mind,self, and society: From the standpoint of a social behaviorist. University of Chicago Press, 1974.