COLDWAR IN AMERICA
Nameof the Student
ColdWar in America
Thecold war was basically as a result of joint triumphant of the twosuper powers that were the Soviet Union and on the other side theUnited States over Adolf Hitler’s Nazi empire in Europe in theSecond World War1.This was an ideological, geopolitical and also a struggle foreconomic supremacy between the two superpowers which began in theyear 1947 when the second world war was coming to an end and followedon for a number of years due to the different ideology and opinionsregarding the actions taken by the superpowers, dissolution of SovietUnion in the year 1991 was what terminated the cold war. Thispaper will cover the beginning of world war and how the actions ofcold war later shaped the foreign affairs and domestic affairs andhow the cold war came to an end. I agree that the cold war hadadverse conditions on the policies of the United States.
Inthe year 1940’s America went through a lot of changes aftertermination of World War II, though there was no physical fightingwith the Russian, however, the effects on American society anddomestic policy felt. The economy of the countries was alsoindirectly affected because much cash put on defense, the cold warhad also been feared that with time it could certainly result inactual war, this was among the biggest concerns of Americans wholived with a fear of the unknown. This got the Americans spendingmore much on the cold war with figures up to 8 trillion while over100,000 Americans lost their lives in the war that involved Vietnamand Korea. The superpowers also had to show the world of theirstrength hence making them create nuclear weapons that could be usedto fight this also made other super powers to set high budgets ondefenses.
Adverseeffects of the cold war also resulted in other wars which theAmerican soldiers got into, the spirit of nationalism and loyaltymade many of the Americans to join the army and volunteer, theywished to perform their civic duties hence they were never at anypoint afraid to defend their country, many wars later developed thusmore men did not again want to be involved needless battles becausethey were afraid of the effects of cold war2.The Americans did not want to give into the Soviet Union, so theyfocused less on the education sector and spent more on science
Theleaders of the United States planned for an alliance together withthe leaders of the Middle East which led to success against forcesthat attacked them. The cold war continues to have effects on worldaffairs in numerous ways which are clearly evident the dissolutionof Soviet resulted to single polar, which led to the United States tobe the only remaining super power. The political role of the UnitedStates was also defined by the cold war U.S held alliance with anumber of countries and had 526,000 troops that were sent to a numberof countries with the highest percentage of 326,000 in Europe and130,000 in Asia3.
TheAmericans had a feeling that it was important to consume their goodsto which would, in turn, help their economy to grow, these made asignificant impact on the economy of the US as it turned out to bethe dominant economic power in the world, this economic mighty had adirect translation to their defense might against the Soviet.President Reagan aided in the stimulation of massive economic growthwith significant cuts in tax.
Changesin the domestic policy tend to lead to the counterculture and agerebellion. However, the cold war changed America by bringing in placeforeign and local policies into the lives of Americans. It did notstop there because there were also changes in defense programs. Therewas also the introduction of science and innovation that limitededucation but enhanced programs which were intended to expandhumanity into the unknown space.
Inconclusion, evident that whatever has got a beginning does not havean end, after many years of cold war between the two superpowers thelooming fear drifted to an end, U.S and the Soviet relations improvedwell in the 1980`s4.During summit meeting held in Iceland 1986, Gorbachev agitated forthe reduction of ammunition from both sides. However, this did notend up well it was till 1987 when a meeting was held which led tothe signing of Nuclear Forces treaty. Those that belonged to theEastern Bloc faced a blow when they began to fall apart, and theSoviet Union did nothing in response to this, later on in themid-1990 they declared their independence. The state of confusion,however, continued as they tried to overthrow Gorbachev it was untilDecember 1991 that the Soviet Union ceased to exist.
Mistry,Kaeten. "Confronting America: The Cold War Between The UnitedStates And The Communists In France And Italy."ColdWar History 12,no. 1 (2012): 179-180.
Noer,Tom. "America, The UN And Decolonization: Cold War Conflict InThe Congo."Cold War History 12,no. 4 (2012): 708-709.
Pettina,Vanni. "The Shadows Of Cold War Over Latin America: The USReaction To Fidel Castro`s Nationalism, 1956-59". ColdWar History (2010):1-1.
Rabe,Stephen G. "Human Rights, Latin America, And The Cold War."Diplomatic History36,no. 1 (2012): 231-236.
1 Mistry, Karen. "Confronting America: The Cold War Between The United States And The Communists In France And Italy." Cold War History 12, no. 1 (2012): 179-180.
2 Noer, Tom. "America, The UN, And Decolonization: Cold War Conflict In The Congo." Cold War History 12, no. 4 (2012): 708-709.
3 Rabe, Stephen G. "Human Rights, Latin America, And The Cold War". Diplomatic History36, no. 1 (2012): 231-236
4  Pettina, Vanni. "The Shadows Of Cold War Over Latin America: The US Reaction To Fidel Castro`s Nationalism, 1956-59". Cold War History (2010): 1-1.