ClimateChange and the Effects it has had on the Ocean Water
Climatechange is changing ecosystems at an increased scale and pace. It hascontributed significantly to the acidification of the ocean inaddition to increased water level in some oceans. The warming of theatmosphere has led to the increased melting of snow and ice, leadingto the rise of water level in the ocean. The production of carbondioxide by human activities, on the other hand, has led to increasedformation of carbonic acid in the ocean.
Humanactivities are responsible for the increased amount of carbon dioxidein the atmosphere. A study by EPA showed that the amount of carbondioxide ha increased with the rise in the use of fossil fuels inproducing energy. A good amount of carbon dioxide produced in theatmosphere is absorbed by the ocean. Unfortunately, the increasedintake of carbon dioxide by sea water leads to the formation ofcarbonic acid that is detrimental to marine organisms (Committee onEcological Impacts of Climate Change, 2008). In other words, climatechange has led to the acidification of the ocean.
Climatechange is responsible for the warming of the ocean. Effects ofincreased temperature in the ocean water are evidenced by a change inmarine population. Some marine organisms have started to reduce innumber due to the warming of the shorelines. For instance, manynorthern species in central California have decreased because of theincreased temperature at the shoreline (Committee on EcologicalImpacts of Climate Change, 2008). Climate change is also the reasonbehind the formation of the dead zone in the ocean. Just like otherdead zones caused by eutrophication, the dead zone caused by climatechange kills marine organisms by depriving them air.
Inconclusion, climate change results in the formation of the dead zone,increased the temperature in addition to increased water levels inthe ocean. It is also responsible for the acidification of oceanwater.
Committeeon Ecological Impacts of Climate Change. (2008). EcologicalImpacts of Climate Change.Retrieved from http://oceanservice.noaa.gov/education/pd/climate/teachingclimate/ecological_impacts_o f_climate_change.pdf