refers to a person’s early days from birth to theattainment of adult age. It is neither fixed nor universal. It is asocially constructed episode rather than a natural and inevitableperiod. According to historical and cross-cultural studies, itsmeaning and experience differ across years, societies, and differentgroups. In most countries, childhood ends when a person becomes anadult, usually from sixteen years to twenty-one, with eighteen yearsbeen the most common. From birth, children are part of societyhence, childhood (Corsaro,4).This is the time children grow strong and big, play, go to school,and experience lots of love and encouragement from their family andcommunity as a whole. It is a valuable time that children should livein peace, free from violence, fear, exploitation, and child abuse. is a concept of innocence, play, adventure, and fun.
developmental stages include toddlerhood, early childhood,middle childhood, and adolescence. Toddlerhood starts from birthuntil three years. At this time, children learn to walk, speak,self-feed, among other. Early childhood begins at the age of threeyears to eight years. During this period, children require lessparental assistance as they can do many things on their own such asfeeding using a spoon (Gordon,Ann, and Kathryn 52). They also learn by experimenting,observing, listening, and communicating with others. They create astrong bond with their caregivers. They also start schooling. Middlechildhood starts at the age of eights to twelve years. During thisstage, children attend school hence, they develop mentally andsocially. They learn new skills, make new friends, and enhance theirindividuality. On the other hand, adolescence starts at puberty toadulthood. In this period, children start experiencing psychological,physical, behavioral changes.
is rich with color, experience, physical beauty, opennessto love, and quality innocence. Without a doubt, it is a marvelousperiod in one’s life. A child has a clear and open mind to theworld. He or she perceives the surrounding environment in a good wayand enjoys all moments of life. He or she sincerely express emotionsand feeling without pretense. He or she does not require a particularreason to be contented, as he or she can make a smile by just lookingat a flower. In childhood, every day is a discovery and explorationsday, and a chance to learn a new thing. They increase awareness andunderstanding of essentials such as respect, honesty, and humility(Gray,Colette, and Sean 15).They are millions of questions,which are answered through experimenting and adventuring.
During childhood, children spend their free time playing games. Mostpeople associate their childhood memory with riding a bike, pebblingon the Cromer beach, climbing trees, playing skipping games, hatingschool, visiting relatives during school holidays. According tonational association for the education of young children, play isvital to the emotional, social, physical, and cognitive well-being ofchildren. It offers them an opportunity for emotional, intellectual,and physical development. It encourages imagination, creativity, andsocial interactions. In addition, it helps children to explore andinteract with the world around them.
In conclusion, childhood is a significant and happiest period inone’s life. It is memorable and full of happiness, fun, love, andcare from many people. Unfortunately, not all people experience apleasant childhood. Some are exploited, abused, and suffer from direpoverty. In developing countries, like Ethiopia for instance,children experience a pang of hunger and are afflicted with illness.Either happiest or sad, childhood eventually fades into adulthood,but its memories still linger.
Corsaro,William A. TheSociology of ., 2014. Internet resource.
Gordon, Ann,and Kathryn Williams Browne. CaliforniaEdition Beginning Essentials in Early Education.Cengage Learning, 2015.
Gray,Colette, and Sean MacBlain. LearningTheories in : Volume 1.London: SAGE, 2012. Print.