WhySome Birds Are Brightly Colored While Others Are Camouflaged
Birdscome in different colors some are brightly colored while others arecamouflaged, which enables them to hide from people and predators.Several reasons try to explain why some birds are brightly coloredwhile others are camouflaged some of the reasons include adaptation,evolution, communication, and mating. However, there are two mainreasons as to why birds have different coloration. Firstly, coloredfeathers are used to attract mates during mating season andintimidate any competition. Secondly, birds use their colors toprotect themselves from predators. In that regard, every strip of afeather with a different color has a purpose it could be forattracting mates, a competitive advantage against competitors duringmating season, or communicating with other birds, etcetera.
Additionally,male birds have been found to have brighter feathers than theirfemale counterparts who need to camouflage to protect their youngones from predators. Moreover, some reasons have been developed fromobservation, which makes them questionable. Female birds usually havedull feathers, and so they are attracted to the brightest colors oftheir male counterparts during mating season. Just like humans,female birds always seek a better male to mate with and help inraising their young ones. Therefore, bright colors make male birds tostand out and attract their desired females (Audubon & Vogt,2013). On the other hand, color camouflage is mainly used by birds asa defense mechanism and blend into their surroundings. Besides, birdshave evolved for many centuries to survive in the ever-changingenvironment.
Itis logical to suggest that birds use their colors to attract theirmates during the mating season because it helps them communicate asthey do not have speech like humans. Different bird species needspecific adaptations to help them in identifying their perfect mates.If all birds were colored the same then, it would be difficult forthe birds to determine their species during the mating season(Audubon & Vogt, 2013). Furthermore, the birds of prey and otherpredators like snakes would typically target newly born or youngbirds as they are vulnerable, and the parents cannot protect them andfight predators at the same time. For that reason, female birds areusually camouflaged to protect themselves and their young ones fromany danger.
Conversely,human knowledge of birds is still limited, which means that there areother unknown reasons as to why some birds are brightly colored whilesome are camouflaged. The different coloration of feathers could bedue to the reflected light. Perhaps if the light being reflected offthe feathers could be manipulated and alter the light properties,then, a different set of colors might be observed. Besides, evenbrightly colored birds can camouflage in their surroundings. Thebluebird can hardly be noticed when it is in dense shade, but inbright light, they are colorful. Additionally, the existence ofpheromones in birds is yet to be proven because it is suspected thatbirds could also be using scents like animals to attract mates andcommunicate.
Audubon,J. J., & Vogt, W. (2013). Thebirds of America.New York: Macmillan Co.