Researchhas shown that an individual’s health is a function of theindividual’s lifestyle and genetic predispositions i.e. most of theillnesses that people face today are largely contributed by thelifestyles we lead and genetic factors (National Lung, Heart andBlood Institute, 2016). While negligible efforts can be done aboutgenetic factors, most diseases that people face today e.g.hypertension, diabetes, and heart complications can be avoided byadopting healthy lifestyles. Therefore, understanding one’s familyhealth history, personal health characteristics e.g. weight, bloodpressure and behavioral patterns e.g. level of physical activity,calorie intake, is critical in ascertaining some of the illnesses oneis at a high risk of getting.
Investigationof Results & Identification of Health Risk
Myfamily’s health history can termed to be ‘ideal’ as there arefew cases of illnesses and mental conditions. Very few members of thefamily have suffered from terminal conditions. However, my auntsuccumbed to type 2 diabetes which could be largely attributed to herbeing overweight. My mother suffers from breast cancer in spite of myfamily having no history of breast cancer. My mother’s breastcancer can be said to have been caused by her smoking of cigarettesand being overweight (National Lung, Heart and Blood Institute,2016). Therefore, the health conditions that I am at a high risk ofdeveloping include type 2 diabetes, breast cancer and beingoverweight.
Inthis analysis, I will concentrate on overweight because the risk ofthe condition can be lowered by a change in personal behavior i.e.taking exercises and eating healthy (National Lung, Heart and BloodInstitute, 2016). As opposed to overweight, both geneticpredispositions and lifestyle patterns are contributory factors totype 2 diabetes and breast cancer. Therefore, the risk of theseconditions cannot be modified by a change in personal behavior.
BriefDescription of Health Risk
Overweightis the condition of having body weight that is more than theappropriate or healthy for a particular height. The body mass index(BMI), a percentage of one’s weight to their height, is consideredthe proper measure of overweight. For one to be overweight, the BMIhas to be more than 25 (National Lung, Heart and Blood Institute,2016). Behaviors and eating habits are the greatest contributors ofoverweight. Other variables include environmental dynamics,metabolism and other minor factors such as family history andgenetics (National Lung, Heart and Blood Institute, 2016). Overweightcan lead to other health conditions such as coronary heart disease,hypertension, type 2 diabetes, gallstones and respiratorycomplications.
Measuresto Reduce Risks
Therisk of being overweight can be reduced by a change in eating habits.One can make an effort to cut back on food portions and eat a healthydiet that meets the daily calorie needs. Similarly, one can engage inphysical activities e.g. taking a walk, riding a bicycle or running.The activities need not to be strenuous. Reducing the amount ofcalorie intake will reduce the chances of one adding on weight.Engaging in physical activities will also ensure that excess caloriesare expelled and a suitable weight is maintained (National Lung,Heart and Blood Institute, 2016).
Toreduce the risk of being overweight, I intend to change my eatinghabits. I will work closely with a nutrition specialist who willadvise me on the appropriate diet and foods to eat. I will also watchmy food portions meticulously, making certain that I do not takeexcess calories.
WhatAre Overweight and Obesity? – NHLBI, NIH.(2016). Nhlbi.nih.gov.Retrieved 27 December 2016, fromhttps://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/obe